ICommand Interface

Definition

Defines the command behavior of an interactive UI element that performs an action when invoked, such as sending an email, deleting an item, or submitting a form.

Equivalent WinUI interface: Microsoft.UI.Xaml.Input.ICommand.

public interface class ICommand
/// [Windows.Foundation.Metadata.ContractVersion(Windows.Foundation.UniversalApiContract, 65536)]
/// [Windows.Foundation.Metadata.Guid(3853464898, 51815, 16513, 153, 91, 112, 157, 209, 55, 146, 223)]
struct ICommand
[Windows.Foundation.Metadata.ContractVersion(typeof(Windows.Foundation.UniversalApiContract), 65536)]
[Windows.Foundation.Metadata.Guid(3853464898, 51815, 16513, 153, 91, 112, 157, 209, 55, 146, 223)]
public interface ICommand
Public Interface ICommand
Attributes

Windows requirements

Device family
Windows 10 (introduced in 10.0.10240.0)
API contract
Windows.Foundation.UniversalApiContract (introduced in v1.0)

Examples

Here, we define a command that simply relays its functionality to other objects.

See the UI basics (XAML) sample for the complete application.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Windows.Input;
namespace AppUIBasics.Common
{
    /// <summary>
    /// A command whose sole purpose is to relay its functionality
    /// to other objects by invoking delegates.
    /// The default return value for the CanExecute method is 'true'.
    /// RaiseCanExecuteChanged needs to be called whenever
    /// CanExecute is expected to return a different value.
    /// </summary>
    public class RelayCommand : ICommand
    {
        private readonly Action _execute;
        private readonly Func<bool> _canExecute;
        /// <summary>
        /// Raised when RaiseCanExecuteChanged is called.
        /// </summary>
        public event EventHandler CanExecuteChanged;
        /// <summary>
        /// Creates a new command that can always execute.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="execute">The execution logic.</param>
        public RelayCommand(Action execute)
            : this(execute, null)
        {
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Creates a new command.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="execute">The execution logic.</param>
        /// <param name="canExecute">The execution status logic.</param>
        public RelayCommand(Action execute, Func<bool> canExecute)
        {
            if (execute == null)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("execute");
            _execute = execute;
            _canExecute = canExecute;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Determines whether this RelayCommand can execute in its current state.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="parameter">
        /// Data used by the command. If the command does not require data to be passed,
        /// this object can be set to null.
        /// </param>
        /// <returns>true if this command can be executed; otherwise, false.</returns>
        public bool CanExecute(object parameter)
        {
            return _canExecute == null ? true : _canExecute();
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Executes the RelayCommand on the current command target.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="parameter">
        /// Data used by the command. If the command does not require data to be passed,
        /// this object can be set to null.
        /// </param>
        public void Execute(object parameter)
        {
            _execute();
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Method used to raise the CanExecuteChanged event
        /// to indicate that the return value of the CanExecute
        /// method has changed.
        /// </summary>
        public void RaiseCanExecuteChanged()
        {
            var handler = CanExecuteChanged;
            if (handler != null)
            {
                handler(this, EventArgs.Empty);
            }
        }
    }
}

Remarks

XamlUICommand implements this ICommand interface for C++ or System.Windows.Input.ICommand for C# (adding various UI properties, methods, and events).

For a basic example, see the Button control, which invokes a command when a user clicks it. There are two ways you manage the command experience:

  • Handle the Click event
  • Bind the Command property to an ICommand implementation that describes the command logic

Methods

CanExecute(Object)

Retrieves whether the command can execute in its current state.

Equivalent WinUI method: Microsoft.UI.Xaml.Input.ICommand.CanExecute.

Execute(Object)

Defines the method to be called when the command is invoked.

Equivalent WinUI method: Microsoft.UI.Xaml.Input.ICommand.Execute.

Events

CanExecuteChanged

Occurs whenever something happens that affects whether the command can execute.

Equivalent WinUI event: Microsoft.UI.Xaml.Input.ICommand.CanExecuteChanged.

Applies to

See also