CA1056: URI properties should not be strings

TypeName UriPropertiesShouldNotBeStrings
CheckId CA1056
Category Microsoft.Design
Breaking Change Breaking

Cause

A type declares a string property whose name contains "uri", "Uri", "urn", "Urn", "url", or "Url".

Rule Description

This rule splits the property name into tokens based on the Pascal casing convention and checks whether each token equals "uri", "Uri", "urn", "Urn", "url", or "Url". If there is a match, the rule assumes that the property represents a uniform resource identifier (URI). A string representation of a URI is prone to parsing and encoding errors, and can lead to security vulnerabilities. The System.Uri class provides these services in a safe and secure manner.

How to Fix Violations

To fix a violation of this rule, change the property to a Uri type.

When to Suppress Warnings

It is safe to suppress a warning from this rule if the property does not represent a URI.

Example

The following example shows a type, ErrorProne, that violates this rule, and a type, SaferWay, that satisfies the rule.

using System;

namespace DesignLibrary
{
   public class ErrorProne
   {
      string someUri;

      // Violates rule UriPropertiesShouldNotBeStrings.
      public string SomeUri
      {
         get { return someUri; }
         set { someUri = value; }
      }

      // Violates rule UriParametersShouldNotBeStrings.
      public void AddToHistory(string uriString) { }

      // Violates rule UriReturnValuesShouldNotBeStrings.
      public string GetRefererUri(string httpHeader)
      {
         return "http://www.adventure-works.com";
      }
   }

   public class SaferWay
   {
      Uri someUri;

      // To retrieve a string, call SomeUri.ToString().
      // To set using a string, call SomeUri = new Uri(string).
      public Uri SomeUri
      {
         get { return someUri; }
         set { someUri = value; }
      }

      public void AddToHistory(string uriString)
      {
         // Check for UriFormatException.
         AddToHistory(new Uri(uriString));
      }

      public void AddToHistory(Uri uriType) { }

      public Uri GetRefererUri(string httpHeader)
      {
         return new Uri("http://www.adventure-works.com");
      }
   }
}
Imports System

Namespace DesignLibrary

   Public Class ErrorProne
   
      Dim someUriValue As String 

      ' Violates rule UriPropertiesShouldNotBeStrings.
      Property SomeUri As String
         Get 
            Return someUriValue 
         End Get
         Set 
            someUriValue = Value 
         End Set
      End Property

      ' Violates rule UriParametersShouldNotBeStrings.
      Sub AddToHistory(uriString As String)
      End Sub

      ' Violates rule UriReturnValuesShouldNotBeStrings.
      Function GetRefererUri(httpHeader As String) As String
         Return "http://www.adventure-works.com"
      End Function

   End Class

   Public Class SaferWay
   
      Dim someUriValue As Uri 

      ' To retrieve a string, call SomeUri.ToString().
      ' To set using a string, call SomeUri = New Uri(string).
      Property SomeUri As Uri
         Get 
            Return someUriValue 
         End Get
         Set 
            someUriValue = Value 
         End Set
      End Property

      Sub AddToHistory(uriString As String)
         ' Check for UriFormatException.
         AddToHistory(New Uri(uriString))
      End Sub

      Sub AddToHistory(uriString As Uri)
      End Sub

      Function GetRefererUri(httpHeader As String) As Uri
         Return New Uri("http://www.adventure-works.com")
      End Function

   End Class

End Namespace
#using <system.dll>
using namespace System;

namespace DesignLibrary
{
   public ref class ErrorProne
   {
   public:
      // Violates rule UriPropertiesShouldNotBeStrings.
      property String^ SomeUri;

      // Violates rule UriParametersShouldNotBeStrings.
      void AddToHistory(String^ uriString) { }

      // Violates rule UriReturnValuesShouldNotBeStrings.
      String^ GetRefererUri(String^ httpHeader)
      {
         return "http://www.adventure-works.com";
      }
   };

   public ref class SaferWay
   {
   public:
      // To retrieve a string, call SomeUri()->ToString().
      // To set using a string, call SomeUri(gcnew Uri(string)).
      property Uri^ SomeUri;

      void AddToHistory(String^ uriString)
      {
         // Check for UriFormatException.
         AddToHistory(gcnew Uri(uriString));
      }

      void AddToHistory(Uri^ uriType) { }

      Uri^ GetRefererUri(String^ httpHeader)
      {
         return gcnew Uri("http://www.adventure-works.com");
      }
   };
}

CA1054: URI parameters should not be strings

CA1055: URI return values should not be strings

CA2234: Pass System.Uri objects instead of strings

CA1057: String URI overloads call System.Uri overloads