Form factors

Form factor describes the size of a device and its physical (hardware) components. Windows 10 supports a wide range of devices from small embedded devices, traditional notebooks to large servers. Depending on the device you choose, you have a wide range of options and requirements. This section defines common form factors and provides example hardware configuration for each type of form factor.

In this section

Topic Description


A 2-in-1 form factor is an evolution of the traditional notebook, also know as a convertible notebook that comes in two styles: detachable and convertible. Its key feature is the ability to convert from a traditional notebook to a tablet mode.


The All-in-one (AIO) form factor is an evolution of the traditional desktop with the benefit of taking up less space. It combines all the system components and display into one chassis, similar to a tablet.

Desktop PC

A desktop PC form factor traditionally comes in an upright tower or small desktop chassis.


A notebook is a portable clamshell device with an attached keyboard.


Tablets are a versatile form factor that overlap the smartphone and notebook industry. A tablet device combines a touch screen, rechargeable power source, and other components into a single chassis with an optional attachable keyboard. Listed below are a few recommended hardware configurations.


The server form factor comes in a wide range of styles including pedestal, rackmount and blade.


Smartphones come in a wide range of sizes from low cost phones, small tablets (phablets) and industrial handheld devices.

Embedded devices

Windows 10 IoT Core (IoT Core) can be used on low cost, small footprint devices that support Universal Apps.