The QueryResourceResidency function determines the residency of the given list of resources.


PFND3DDDI_QUERYRESOURCERESIDENCY Pfnd3dddiQueryresourceresidency;

HRESULT Pfnd3dddiQueryresourceresidency(
  HANDLE hDevice,



A handle to the display device (graphics context).


pData [in]

A pointer to a D3DDDIARG_QUERYRESOURCERESIDENCY structure that describes a list of resources on which residency is verified.

Return Value

QueryResourceResidency returns one of the following values:

Return code Description
S_OK All of the resources are in GPU-accessible memory.
S_RESIDENT_IN_SHARED_MEMORY No allocations that comprise the resources are on disk. However, at least one allocation is not in GPU-accessible memory.
S_NOT_RESIDENT At least one allocation that comprises the resources is on disk.
E_INVALIDARG Parameters were validated and determined to be incorrect.
E_OUTOFMEMORY QueryResourceResidency could not allocate memory that is required for it to complete.


The Microsoft Direct3D runtime calls the user-mode display driver's QueryResourceResidency function for applications to determine if the operating system will incur a significant stall at draw time if the system must make resources GPU-accessible. The information that is returned from QueryResourceResidency is an approximation of the residency of resources because the resources might become demoted before applications use the resources.

The user-mode display driver's QueryResourceResidency function must make calls to the pfnQueryResidencyCb function. The pfnQueryResidencyCb function returns the residency status of a resource in the elements of the array that is specified by the pResidencyStatus member of the D3DDDICB_QUERYRESIDENCY structure. If pfnQueryResidencyCb returns D3DDDI_RESIDENCYSTATUS_NOTRESIDENT for any query, QueryResourceResidency must return S_NOT_RESIDENT. If pfnQueryResidencyCb returns D3DDDI_RESIDENCYSTATUS_RESIDENTINSHAREDMEMORY for any query and does not return D3DDDI_RESIDENCYSTATUS_NOTRESIDENT for any query, QueryResourceResidency must return S_RESIDENT_IN_SHARED_MEMORY. QueryResourceResidency must return S_OK only if all calls to pfnQueryResidencyCb for all queries return D3DDDI_RESIDENCYSTATUS_RESIDENTINGPUMEMORY.

For each resource that the runtime queries through a call to QueryResourceResidency, the user-mode display driver must determine which allocations that belong to the resource to query through a call to pfnQueryResidencyCb. For a resource that owns a single allocation, the determination is simple--the driver will query that allocation. However, if a resource owns multiple allocations, the determination is more difficult. The driver must determine which allocations that an application will likely use for rendering, and the driver must query only those allocations. For example, if a resource owns an allocation that is used for rendering and a scratch allocation that handles a lock operation, the driver should query only for the residency of the first allocation, because an application will most likely not use the second allocation for rendering.

Note   Because the runtime does not support residency-querying of system memory resources, the runtime will always fail requests from applications for the residency status of system memory resources and will never call the user-mode display driver's QueryResourceResidency function for these system memory resources.


Minimum supported client Available in Windows Vista and later versions of the Windows operating systems.
Target Platform Desktop
Header d3dumddi.h (include D3dumddi.h)

See Also