FwpsInjectTransportReceiveAsync0 function

The FwpsInjectTransportReceiveAsync0 function injects packet data from the transport, datagram data, or ICMP error layers into the receive data path.

Note  FwpsInjectTransportReceiveAsync0 is a specific version of FwpsInjectTransportReceiveAsync. See WFP Version-Independent Names and Targeting Specific Versions of Windows for more information.
 

Syntax

NTSTATUS FwpsInjectTransportReceiveAsync0(
  HANDLE                injectionHandle,
  HANDLE                injectionContext,
  PVOID                 reserved,
  UINT32                flags,
  ADDRESS_FAMILY        addressFamily,
  COMPARTMENT_ID        compartmentId,
  IF_INDEX              interfaceIndex,
  IF_INDEX              subInterfaceIndex,
  NET_BUFFER_LIST       *netBufferList,
  FWPS_INJECT_COMPLETE0 completionFn,
  HANDLE                completionContext
);

Parameters

injectionHandle

An injection handle that was previously created by a call to the FwpsInjectionHandleCreate0 function.

injectionContext

An optional handle to the injection context. If specified, it can be obtained by calling the FwpsQueryPacketInjectionState0 function when the packet injection state FWPS_PACKET_INJECTION_STATE is FWPS_PACKET_INJECTED_BY_SELF or FWPS_PACKET_PREVIOUSLY_INJECTED_BY_SELF.

reserved

Reserved. Callout drivers must set this parameter to zero.

flags

Reserved. Callout drivers must set this parameter to zero.

addressFamily

One of the following address families:

AF_INET

The IPv4 address family.

AF_INET6

The IPv6 address family.

compartmentId

The identifier of the routing compartment into which the packet data is injected, specified as a COMPARTMENT_ID type. This identifier is provided to a callout through the compartmentId member of the FWPS_INCOMING_METADATA_VALUES0 structure that is passed to the callout driver's classifyFn callout function. If the compartmentId member is available to callouts, FWPS_METADATA_FIELD_COMPARTMENT_ID will be set in the currentMetadataValues member. Otherwise, set this parameter to UNSPECIFIED_COMPARTMENT_ID.

interfaceIndex

The index of the interface on which the original packet data was received. A callout driver should use the value of the interface index that is passed as one of the incoming data values to its classifyFn callout function for this parameter if the packet is to be injected into the same interface where the original packet was indicated.

subInterfaceIndex

The index of the subinterface on which the original packet data was received. A callout driver should use the value of the subinterface index that is passed as one of the incoming data values to its classifyFn callout function for this parameter if the packet is to be injected into the same subinterface where the original packet was indicated.

netBufferList

A pointer to a NET_BUFFER_LIST structure that describes the packet data that is being injected. A callout driver allocates a NET_BUFFER_LIST structure to use to inject packet data by calling either the FwpsAllocateCloneNetBufferList0 function or the FwpsAllocateNetBufferAndNetBufferList0 function. The NET_BUFFER_LIST structure must begin with an IP header.

completionFn

A pointer to a completionFn callout function provided by the callout driver. The filter engine calls this function after the packet data, described by the netBufferList parameter, has been injected into the network stack.

completionContext

A pointer to a callout driver–provided context that is passed to the callout function pointed to by the completionFn parameter. This parameter is optional and can be NULL.

Return Value

The FwpsInjectTransportReceiveAsync0 function returns one of the following NTSTATUS codes.

Return code Description
STATUS_SUCCESS
The packet data injection was initiated successfully. The filter engine will call the completion function after the filter engine has completed injecting the packet data into the network stack, or when an error occurred subsequently. In case of an error, the Status member of the completed NET_BUFFER_LIST structure will indicate the reason for failure.
STATUS_FWP_TCPIP_NOT_READY
The TCP/IP network stack is not ready to accept injection of packet data.
STATUS_FWP_INJECT_HANDLE_CLOSING
The injection handle is being closed.
Other status codes
An error occurred.

Remarks

A callout driver calls the FwpsInjectTransportReceiveAsync0 function to inject packet data from the transport, datagram data, or ICMP error layers into the receive data path. This function can execute asynchronously. Callout drivers normally inject data into the network stack when modifying packet data. For more information about how a callout driver can modify packet data, see Callout Driver Operations.

If a callout driver modified a packet that it will inject with FwpsInjectTransportReceiveAsync0, it should call the FwpsConstructIpHeaderForTransportPacket0 function to correct the IP and upper-level protocol (TCP, UDP, and ICMP) checksums. The headerIncludeHeaderSize parameter of FwpsConstructIpHeaderForTransportPacket0 should be the same value as the ipHeaderSize member of the FWPS_INCOMING_METADATA_VALUES0 structure that is passed to the inMetaValues parameter of the callout driver's classifyFn callout function.

If the return value is not STATUS_SUCCESS, the completion function will not be called. In this case, the net buffer list pointed to by netBufferList must be freed by a call to FwpsFreeNetBufferList0 or FwpsFreeCloneNetBufferList0.

If the original inbound packet data had been subject to IPsec policy enforcement when it was originally processed by the transport layer, the cloned packet injected by this function will bypass IPsec verification when it reenters the network stack. Locally generated inbound packets that use the FwpsAllocateNetBufferAndNetBufferList0 function also bypass IPsec verification.

To allow IPsec to process inbound packets first, the callout that inspects the transport layer data must have a lower value of subLayerWeight in the FWPS_FILTER0 structure than the universal sublayer. In addition, the callout driver must not intercept tunnel-mode packets for which the combination of FWPS_PACKET_LIST_INBOUND_IPSEC_INFORMATION0 members ( isTunnelMode && ! isDeTunneled ) is returned by the FwpsGetPacketListSecurityInformation0 function. The callout driver must wait for the packet to be detunneled and then should intercept it at the transport layer or at a forward layer.

Due to the TCP protocol locking semantics, TCP can only be injected Out of Band at any transport layer or equivalent layer, so FwpsInjectTransportReceiveAsync0 and FwpsInjectTransportSendAsync0 must be queued and run by a DPC.

This function can be called from one of the following transport layers if the FWPS_METADATA_FIELD_ALE_CLASSIFY_REQUIRED metadata flag is not set:

FWPS_LAYER_INBOUND_TRANSPORT_V4

FWPS_LAYER_INBOUND_TRANSPORT_V6

FWPS_LAYER_DATAGRAM_DATA_V4 (when inbound direction is specified with FWP_DIRECTION_INBOUND)

FWPS_LAYER_DATAGRAM_DATA_V6 (when inbound direction is specified with FWP_DIRECTION_INBOUND)

FWPS_LAYER_INBOUND_ICMP_ERROR_V4

FWPS_LAYER_INBOUND_ICMP_ERROR_V6

Otherwise, this function should be called from the following Application Layer Enforcement (ALE) layers after a pended ALE operation was initiated with a call to FwpsPendOperation0 and has completed with a call to FwpsCompleteOperation0:

FWPS_LAYER_ALE_AUTH_RECV_ACCEPT_V4

FWPS_LAYER_ALE_AUTH_RECV_ACCEPT_V6

A net buffer list to be injected must be passed to the FwpsCompleteOperation0 function as the netBufferList argument.

The injected packet can be indicated to the callout driver again. To prevent infinite looping, the driver should first call the FwpsQueryPacketInjectionState0 function before proceeding with a call to the classifyFn callout function, and the driver should permit packets that have the injection state FWPS_PACKET_INJECTION_STATE set to FWPS_PACKET_INJECTED_BY_SELF or FWPS_PACKET_PREVIOUSLY_INJECTED_BY_SELF to pass through unaltered.

Requirements

   
Minimum supported client Available starting with Windows Vista.
Target Platform Universal
Header fwpsk.h (include Fwpsk.h)
Library Fwpkclnt.lib
IRQL "<= DISPATCH_LEVEL"

See Also

FWPS_FILTER0

FWPS_FILTER_CONDITION0

FWPS_INCOMING_METADATA_VALUES0

FWPS_PACKET_INJECTION_STATE

FWPS_PACKET_LIST_INBOUND_IPSEC_INFORMATION0 FwpsAllocateCloneNetBufferList0 FwpsAllocateNetBufferAndNetBufferList0

FwpsCompleteOperation0

FwpsFreeCloneNetBufferList0

FwpsFreeNetBufferList0

FwpsGetPacketListSecurityInformation0

FwpsInjectNetworkSendAsync0

FwpsInjectionHandleCreate0

FwpsInjectionHandleDestroy0

FwpsPendOperation0

FwpsQueryPacketInjectionState0

NET_BUFFER_LIST

classifyFn

completionFn