ZwCreateSection function

The ZwCreateSection routine creates a section object.

Syntax

NTSYSAPI NTSTATUS ZwCreateSection(
  PHANDLE            SectionHandle,
  ACCESS_MASK        DesiredAccess,
  POBJECT_ATTRIBUTES ObjectAttributes,
  PLARGE_INTEGER     MaximumSize,
  ULONG              SectionPageProtection,
  ULONG              AllocationAttributes,
  HANDLE             FileHandle
);

Parameters

SectionHandle

Pointer to a HANDLE variable that receives a handle to the section object.

DesiredAccess

Specifies an ACCESS_MASK value that determines the requested access to the object. In addition to the access rights that are defined for all types of objects (see ACCESS_MASK), the caller can specify any of the following access rights, which are specific to section objects:

DesiredAccess flag Allows caller to do this
SECTION_EXTEND_SIZE Dynamically extend the size of the section.
SECTION_MAP_EXECUTE Execute views of the section.
SECTION_MAP_READ Read views of the section.
SECTION_MAP_WRITE Write views of the section.
SECTION_QUERY Query the section object for information about the section. Drivers should set this flag.
SECTION_ALL_ACCESS All of the previous flags combined with STANDARD_RIGHTS_REQUIRED.

ObjectAttributes

Pointer to an OBJECT_ATTRIBUTES structure that specifies the object name and other attributes. Use InitializeObjectAttributes to initialize this structure. If the caller is not running in a system thread context, it must set the OBJ_KERNEL_HANDLE attribute when it calls InitializeObjectAttributes.

MaximumSize

Specifies the maximum size, in bytes, of the section. ZwCreateSection rounds this value up to the nearest multiple of PAGE_SIZE. If the section is backed by the paging file, MaximumSize specifies the actual size of the section. If the section is backed by an ordinary file, MaximumSize specifies the maximum size that the file can be extended or mapped to.

SectionPageProtection

Specifies the protection to place on each page in the section. Use one of the following four values: PAGE_READONLY, PAGE_READWRITE, PAGE_EXECUTE, or PAGE_WRITECOPY. For a description of these values, see CreateFileMapping.

AllocationAttributes

Specifies a bitmask of SEC_XXX flags that determines the allocation attributes of the section. For a description of these flags, see CreateFileMapping.

FileHandle

Optionally specifies a handle for an open file object. If the value of FileHandle is NULL, the section is backed by the paging file. Otherwise, the section is backed by the specified file.

Return Value

ZwCreateSection returns STATUS_SUCCESS on success, or the appropriate NTSTATUS error code on failure. Possible error status codes include the following:

Return code Description
STATUS_FILE_LOCK_CONFLICT
The file specified by the FileHandle parameter is locked.
STATUS_INVALID_FILE_FOR_SECTION
The file specified by FileHandle does not support sections.
STATUS_INVALID_PAGE_PROTECTION
The value specified for the SectionPageProtection parameter is invalid.
STATUS_MAPPED_FILE_SIZE_ZERO
The size of the file specified by FileHandle is zero, and MaximumSize is zero.
STATUS_SECTION_TOO_BIG
The value of MaximumSize is too big. This occurs when either MaximumSize is greater than the system-defined maximum for sections, or if MaximumSize is greater than the specified file and the section is not writable.

Remarks

Once the handle pointed to by SectionHandle is no longer in use, the driver must call ZwClose to close it.

If the caller is not running in a system thread context, it must ensure that any handles it creates are private handles. Otherwise, the handle can be accessed by the process in whose context the driver is running. For more information, see Object Handles.

For more information about setting up mapped sections and views of memory, see Sections and Views.

Note If the call to this function occurs in user mode, you should use the name "NtCreateSection" instead of "ZwCreateSection".
For calls from kernel-mode drivers, the NtXxx and ZwXxx versions of a Windows Native System Services routine can behave differently in the way that they handle and interpret input parameters. For more information about the relationship between the NtXxx and ZwXxx versions of a routine, see Using Nt and Zw Versions of the Native System Services Routines.

Requirements

   
Minimum supported client Available starting with Windows 2000.
Target Platform Universal
Header wdm.h (include Wdm.h, Ntifs.h)
Library NtosKrnl.lib
DLL NtosKrnl.exe
IRQL PASSIVE_LEVEL

See Also

ACCESS_MASK

CreateFileMapping

InitializeObjectAttributes

ZwClose

ZwMapViewOfSection

ZwOpenSection

ZwUnmapViewOfSection