If KD or WinDbg is performing kernel-mode debugging, it can cause a kernel-mode dump file to be written without crashing the target computer.
This dump file can be either a Complete Memory Dump or a Small Memory Dump. The Control Panel settings are not relevant to this action.
Whereas dump files caused by a system crash are written to the computer that has crashed, this dump file will be written to the host computer.
For details, see the .dump (Create Dump File) command.