WinDbg has two kinds of workspaces: default workspaces and named workspaces.
WinDbg has several different kinds of default workspaces:
The base workspace is used when WinDbg is in a dormant state.
The remote default workspace is used when you are connecting to a debugging server.
The default kernel-mode workspace is used when WinDbg begins a kernel-mode debugging session.
The processor-specific workspace is used during kernel-mode debugging after WinDbg attaches to the target computer. There are separate processor-specific workspaces for x86-based and x64-based processors.
When WinDbg creates a user-mode process for debugging, a workspace is created for that executable file. Each created executable file has its own workspace.
When WinDbg analyzes a dump file, a workspace is created for that dump file analysis session. Each dump file has its own workspace.
When you begin a debugging session, the appropriate workspace is loaded. When you end a debugging session or exit WinDbg, a dialog box is displayed and asks you if you want to save the changes that you have made to the current workspace. If you start WinDbg with the -QYcommand-line option, this dialog box does not appear, and workspaces are automatically saved. Also, if you start WinDbg by the -Q command-line option, this dialog box does not appear, and no changes are saved.
Workspaces load in a cumulative manner. The base workspace is always loaded first. When you begin a particular debugging action, the appropriate workspace is loaded. So most debugging is completed after two workspaces have been loaded. Kernel-mode debugging is completed after three workspaces have been loaded (the base workspace, the default kernel-mode workspace, and the processor-specific workspace).
For greatest efficiency, you should save settings in lower-level workspaces if you want them to apply to all of your WinDbg work.
Note The layout of the debugging information windows is one exception to the cumulative behavior of workspaces. The position, docking status, and size of each window are determined by only the most recent workspace that you opened. This behavior includes the contents of the Watch window and the locations that you viewed in each Memory window. The command history in the Debugger Command window is not cleared when a new workspace is opened, but all other window states are reset.
To access the base workspace, start WinDbg with no target, or click Stop Debugging on the Debug menu after your session is complete. You can then make any edits that are allowed in the base workspace.
You can also give workspaces names and then save or load them individually. After you load a named workspace, all automatic loading and saving of default workspaces is disabled.
Named workspaces contain some additional information that default workspaces do not. For more information about this additional information, see Workspace Contents.
Opening, Saving, and Clearing Workspaces
To control workspaces, you can do the following:
Open and load a named workspace by using the -W command-line option.
Open and load a workspace from a file by using the -WF command-line option.
Disable all automatic workspace loading by using the -WX command-line option. Only explicit workspace commands cause workspaces to be saved or loaded.
Open and load a named workspace by clicking Open Workspace on the File menu or pressing CTRL+W.
Save the current default workspace or the current named workspace by clicking Save Workspace on the File menu.
Assign a name to the current workspace and save it by clicking Save Workspace As on the File menu.
Delete specific items and settings from the current workspace by clicking Clear Workspace on the File menu.
Delete workspaces by clicking Delete Workspaces on the File menu.
Open and load a workspace from a file by clicking Open Workspace in File on the File menu.
Save a workspace to a file by clicking Save Workspace to File on the File menu.