Note The HardwareId directive is only supported within an Autorun.inf file. This directive must not be used within the INF files that are used for PnP device installations.
Starting with Windows Vista, the Found New Hardware Wizard and Hardware Update Wizard support INF HardwareId directives in the [DeviceInstall] section of an Autorun.inf file. The author of Autorun.inf can use these HardwareId directives to specify Plug and Play (PnP) hardware identifiers (IDs) of the devices for which the AutoRun-enabled application provides and installs drivers.
[DeviceInstall] HardwareId="pnp-hardware-id" ...
The hardware ID can be fairly generic, such as PCI\VEN_1234&DEV_1234, or very specific, such as PCI\VEN_1234&DEV_1234&SUBSYS_12345678&REV_01.
Only one PnP hardware ID can be specified per HardwareId directive. To specify multiple hardware IDs, use multiple HardwareId directives, one per line.
During a hardware-first installation, the user installs a hardware device before installing the drivers for that device. In this case, the Found New Hardware Wizard prompts the user for the distribution medium.
If the distribution medium has an AutoRun-enabled device installation application, the wizard parses the Autorun.inf file to look for a HardwareId directive entry that matches the device that is being installed. If the wizard finds a HardwareId directive that matches the device, the wizard invokes the AutoRun-enabled application, which installs the driver and device-specific applications instead of the wizard.
The Found New Hardware Wizard does not determine whether the application installed a driver for the device. In this case, the application must install a driver for the device. If the Autorun.inf file does not include a HardwareId directive that identifies the device that is being installed, the wizard does not start the application and continues with device installation.
Although there may be multiple HardwareId directives within the [DeviceInstall] section of an Autorun.inf file, each directive should specify a unique PnP hardware ID.