Policy CSP - Kerberos


Kerberos policies

Kerberos/AllowForestSearchOrder
Kerberos/KerberosClientSupportsClaimsCompoundArmor
Kerberos/RequireKerberosArmoring
Kerberos/RequireStrictKDCValidation
Kerberos/SetMaximumContextTokenSize

Kerberos/AllowForestSearchOrder

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Scope:

  • Device

This policy setting defines the list of trusting forests that the Kerberos client searches when attempting to resolve two-part service principal names (SPNs).

If you enable this policy setting, the Kerberos client searches the forests in this list, if it is unable to resolve a two-part SPN. If a match is found, the Kerberos client requests a referral ticket to the appropriate domain.

If you disable or do not configure this policy setting, the Kerberos client does not search the listed forests to resolve the SPN. If the Kerberos client is unable to resolve the SPN because the name is not found, NTLM authentication might be used.

Tip

This is an ADMX-backed policy and requires a special SyncML format to enable or disable. For details, see Understanding ADMX-backed policies.

You must specify the data type in the SyncML as <Format>chr</Format>. For an example SyncML, refer to Enabling a policy.

The payload of the SyncML must be XML-encoded; for this XML encoding, there are a variety of online encoders that you can use. To avoid encoding the payload, you can use CDATA if your MDM supports it. For more information, see CDATA Sections.

ADMX Info:

  • GP English name: Use forest search order
  • GP name: ForestSearch
  • GP path: System/Kerberos
  • GP ADMX file name: Kerberos.admx

Kerberos/KerberosClientSupportsClaimsCompoundArmor

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Scope:

  • Device

This policy setting controls whether a device will request claims and compound authentication for Dynamic Access Control and Kerberos armoring using Kerberos authentication with domains that support these features. If you enable this policy setting, the client computers will request claims, provide information required to create compounded authentication and armor Kerberos messages in domains which support claims and compound authentication for Dynamic Access Control and Kerberos armoring.

If you disable or do not configure this policy setting, the client devices will not request claims, provide information required to create compounded authentication and armor Kerberos messages. Services hosted on the device will not be able to retrieve claims for clients using Kerberos protocol transition.

Tip

This is an ADMX-backed policy and requires a special SyncML format to enable or disable. For details, see Understanding ADMX-backed policies.

You must specify the data type in the SyncML as <Format>chr</Format>. For an example SyncML, refer to Enabling a policy.

The payload of the SyncML must be XML-encoded; for this XML encoding, there are a variety of online encoders that you can use. To avoid encoding the payload, you can use CDATA if your MDM supports it. For more information, see CDATA Sections.

ADMX Info:

  • GP English name: Kerberos client support for claims, compound authentication and Kerberos armoring
  • GP name: EnableCbacAndArmor
  • GP path: System/Kerberos
  • GP ADMX file name: Kerberos.admx

Kerberos/RequireKerberosArmoring

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Scope:

  • Device

This policy setting controls whether a computer requires that Kerberos message exchanges be armored when communicating with a domain controller.

Warning: When a domain does not support Kerberos armoring by enabling "Support Dynamic Access Control and Kerberos armoring", then all authentication for all its users will fail from computers with this policy setting enabled.

If you enable this policy setting, the client computers in the domain enforce the use of Kerberos armoring in only authentication service (AS) and ticket-granting service (TGS) message exchanges with the domain controllers.

Note: The Kerberos Group Policy "Kerberos client support for claims, compound authentication and Kerberos armoring" must also be enabled to support Kerberos armoring.

If you disable or do not configure this policy setting, the client computers in the domain enforce the use of Kerberos armoring when possible as supported by the target domain.

Tip

This is an ADMX-backed policy and requires a special SyncML format to enable or disable. For details, see Understanding ADMX-backed policies.

You must specify the data type in the SyncML as <Format>chr</Format>. For an example SyncML, refer to Enabling a policy.

The payload of the SyncML must be XML-encoded; for this XML encoding, there are a variety of online encoders that you can use. To avoid encoding the payload, you can use CDATA if your MDM supports it. For more information, see CDATA Sections.

ADMX Info:

  • GP English name: Fail authentication requests when Kerberos armoring is not available
  • GP name: ClientRequireFast
  • GP path: System/Kerberos
  • GP ADMX file name: Kerberos.admx

Kerberos/RequireStrictKDCValidation

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Scope:

  • Device

This policy setting controls the Kerberos client's behavior in validating the KDC certificate for smart card and system certificate logon.

If you enable this policy setting, the Kerberos client requires that the KDC's X.509 certificate contains the KDC key purpose object identifier in the Extended Key Usage (EKU) extensions, and that the KDC's X.509 certificate contains a dNSName subjectAltName (SAN) extension that matches the DNS name of the domain. If the computer is joined to a domain, the Kerberos client requires that the KDC's X.509 certificate must be signed by a Certificate Authority (CA) in the NTAuth store. If the computer is not joined to a domain, the Kerberos client allows the root CA certificate on the smart card to be used in the path validation of the KDC's X.509 certificate.

If you disable or do not configure this policy setting, the Kerberos client requires only that the KDC certificate contain the Server Authentication purpose object identifier in the EKU extensions which can be issued to any server.

Tip

This is an ADMX-backed policy and requires a special SyncML format to enable or disable. For details, see Understanding ADMX-backed policies.

You must specify the data type in the SyncML as <Format>chr</Format>. For an example SyncML, refer to Enabling a policy.

The payload of the SyncML must be XML-encoded; for this XML encoding, there are a variety of online encoders that you can use. To avoid encoding the payload, you can use CDATA if your MDM supports it. For more information, see CDATA Sections.

ADMX Info:

  • GP English name: Require strict KDC validation
  • GP name: ValidateKDC
  • GP path: System/Kerberos
  • GP ADMX file name: Kerberos.admx

Kerberos/SetMaximumContextTokenSize

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Scope:

  • Device

This policy setting allows you to set the value returned to applications which request the maximum size of the SSPI context token buffer size.

The size of the context token buffer determines the maximum size of SSPI context tokens an application expects and allocates. Depending upon authentication request processing and group memberships, the buffer might be smaller than the actual size of the SSPI context token.

If you enable this policy setting, the Kerberos client or server uses the configured value, or the locally allowed maximum value, whichever is smaller.

If you disable or do not configure this policy setting, the Kerberos client or server uses the locally configured value or the default value.

Note: This policy setting configures the existing MaxTokenSize registry value in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa\Kerberos\Parameters, which was added in Windows XP and Windows Server 2003, with a default value of 12,000 bytes. Beginning with Windows 8 the default is 48,000 bytes. Due to HTTP's base64 encoding of authentication context tokens, it is not advised to set this value more than 48,000 bytes.

Tip

This is an ADMX-backed policy and requires a special SyncML format to enable or disable. For details, see Understanding ADMX-backed policies.

You must specify the data type in the SyncML as <Format>chr</Format>. For an example SyncML, refer to Enabling a policy.

The payload of the SyncML must be XML-encoded; for this XML encoding, there are a variety of online encoders that you can use. To avoid encoding the payload, you can use CDATA if your MDM supports it. For more information, see CDATA Sections.

ADMX Info:

  • GP English name: Set maximum Kerberos SSPI context token buffer size
  • GP name: MaxTokenSize
  • GP path: System/Kerberos
  • GP ADMX file name: Kerberos.admx

Footnote:

  • 1 - Added in Windows 10, version 1607.
  • 2 - Added in Windows 10, version 1703.
  • 3 - Added in Windows 10, version 1709.
  • 4 - Added in Windows 10, version 1803.