Type-1 vs. Type-2 DV AVI Files

DV cameras produce interleaved audio-video; each frame of video also contains the audio information. If you save DV data to an AVI file, you have a choice:

  • Store the interleaved data as one stream in the AVI file. This is known as a type-1 file.
  • Split the interleaved data into separate audio and video streams. This is known as a type-2 file.

For video capture, where maximum throughput is crucial, it is better to use a type-1 file, because type-2 files carry redundant audio data. (The video stream still has the audio data. The audio is simply hidden by labeling the stream as video.) Also, writing a type-2 file requires some additional processor time to split the interleaved stream.

On the other hand, type-1 files are less efficient for real-time editing. The application must extract the audio from the interleaved stream, make the edits, and interleave the data again. Also, the type-1 format is not compatible with Microsoft® Video for Windows® (VFW). DirectShow can handle both types of files.

A type-2 file can be converted to type-1 using the DV Muxer filter. A type-1 file can be converted to type-2 using the DV Splitter filter. The following diagram illustrates the difference between the two formats.

conversion between type-1 and type-2 dv

Digital Video in DirectShow

DV Data in the AVI File Format