TLS Cipher Suites in Windows 10 v1607

Cipher suites can only be negotiated for TLS versions which support them. The highest supported TLS version is always preferred in the TLS handshake.

Availability of cipher suites should be controlled in one of two ways:

  • Default priority order is overridden when a priority list is configured. Cipher suites not in the priority list will not be used.
  • Allowed when the application passes SCH_USE_STRONG_CRYPTO: The Microsoft Schannel provider will filter out known weak cipher suites when the application uses the SCH_USE_STRONG_CRYPTO flag. In Windows 10, version 1607 and Windows Server 2016, in addition to RC4, DES, export and null cipher suites are filtered out.

[!Important]
HTTP/2 web services fail with non-HTTP/2-compatible cipher suites. To ensure your web services function with HTTP/2 clients and browsers, see How to deploy custom cipher suite ordering.

 

FIPS-compliance has become more complex with the addition of elliptic curves making the FIPS mode enabled column in previous versions of this table misleading. For example, a cipher suite such as TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 is only FIPS-complaint when using NIST elliptic curves. To find out which combinations of elliptic curves and cipher suites will be enabled in FIPS mode, see section 3.3.1 of Guidelines for the Selection, Configuration, and Use of TLS Implementations.

For Windows 10, version 1607 and Windows Server 2016, the following cipher suites are enabled and in this priority order by default using the Microsoft Schannel Provider:

Cipher suite string Allowed by SCH_USE_STRONG_CRYPTO TLS/SSL Protocol versions
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Yes
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Yes
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Yes
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Yes
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Yes
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0
TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Yes
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Yes
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Yes
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Yes
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0
TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Yes
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0
TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Yes
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0
TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Yes
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0, SSL 3.0
TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA
No
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0, SSL 3.0
TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5
No
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0, SSL 3.0
TLS_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA256
Only used when application explicitly requests.
No
TLS 1.2
TLS_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA
Only used when application explicitly requests.
No
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0, SSL 3.0

 

The following cipher suites are supported by the Microsoft Schannel Provider, but not enabled by default:

Cipher suite string Allowed by SCH_USE_STRONG_CRYPTO TLS/SSL Protocol versions
TLS_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
No
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0, SSL 3.0
TLS_RSA_EXPORT1024_WITH_RC4_56_SHA
No
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0, SSL 3.0
TLS_RSA_EXPORT1024_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
No
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0, SSL 3.0
TLS_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5
No
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0, SSL 3.0
TLS_RSA_WITH_NULL_MD5
Only used when application explicitly requests.
No
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0, SSL 3.0
TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
No
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0, SSL 3.0
TLS_DHE_DSS_EXPORT1024_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA
No
TLS 1.2, TLS 1.1, TLS 1.0, SSL 3.0

 

Beginning in Windows 10, version 1607 and Windows Server 2016, the following PSK cipher suites are enabled and in this priority order by default using the Microsoft Schannel Provider:

Cipher suite string Allowed by SCH_USE_STRONG_CRYPTO TLS/SSL Protocol versions
TLS_PSK_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_PSK_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_PSK_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_PSK_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256
Yes
TLS 1.2
TLS_PSK_WITH_NULL_SHA384
No
TLS 1.2
TLS_PSK_WITH_NULL_SHA256
No
TLS 1.2

 

Note

No PSK cipher suites are enabled by default. Applications need to request PSK using SCH_USE_PRESHAREDKEY_ONLY. For more information on Schannel flags, see SCHANNEL_CRED.

 

To add cipher suites, either deploy a group policy or use the TLS cmdlets:

  • To use group policy, configure SSL Cipher Suite Order under Computer Configuration > Administrative Templates > Network > SSL Configuration Settings with the priority list for all cipher suites you want enabled.
  • To use PowerShell, see TLS cmdlets.

Note

Prior to Windows 10, cipher suite strings were appended with the elliptic curve to determine the curve priority. Windows 10 supports an elliptic curve priority order setting so the elliptic curve suffix is not required and is overridden by the new elliptic curve priority order, when provided, to allow organizations to use group policy to configure different versions of Windows with the same cipher suites.