VML Formulas Element

This topic describes VML, a feature that is deprecated as of Windows Internet Explorer 9. Webpages and applications that rely on VML should be migrated to SVG or other widely supported standards.


As of December 2011, this topic has been archived. As a result, it is no longer actively maintained. For more information, see Archived Content. For information, recommendations, and guidance regarding the current version of Windows Internet Explorer, see Internet Explorer Developer Center.


Defines a collection of formulas for a shape.

This element has no properties. The following subelement applies to Formulas.

Element Description
F Determines a single formula of a shape.



This element must be defined within a Shape element.