MTP Device Extensions for Metadata Transfer

Media Transfer Protocol (MTP) is a protocol designed for portable media devices. The primary purpose of this protocol is to provide a common protocol for exchanging data between a computer and a portable media device. This includes receiving and sending media objects and enumerating the contents and capabilities of the device.

MTP uses persistent unique object identifiers (PUOIDs) to uniquely identify digital media items (and other objects) stored on a device. When exchanging information about changes that have occurred on a device that supports MTP, the device and Windows Media Player use PUOIDs to identify which objects have changed.

The header file named wmpdevices.h, which is installed as part of the Windows Media Player SDK, defines the structures and constants needed to support Windows Media Player device extensions.

For a device to be recognized as supporting metadata transfer through the Windows Media Player MTP device extension set, it must include the following information in the DeviceInfo dataset. (For more information about this dataset, see section 4.6.1 of the MTP specification.)

Dataset field Field order Data type Value
VendorExtensionID 2 UINT32 0x00000006
VendorExtensionVersion 3 UINT16 0x0064 (100)
VendorExtensionDesc 4 String "microsoft.com/WMPPD: 10.0"

The following table provides details about the MTP operation for accelerated metadata transfer.

Item Description
Operation Code 0x9201
Operation Parameter 1 The transaction ID supplied by the device during the previous session. This value is zero for the first session.
Operation Parameter 2 Starting index. This value is always zero on the first call of a session. On subsequent calls within the same synchronization session, this value increases by the sum of the count of the modified and the deleted items from the previous response data.
Operation Parameter 3 0x10000. This constant, defined in wmpdevices.h, is the maximum number of PUOIDs that can be returned in the response. Note that the value of this constant may be revised in future releases of this header file.
Operation Parameter 4 0
Operation Parameter 5 0
Data The device returns two contiguous MTP arrays containing PUOIDs. Each MTP array begins with a DWORD value indicating the count of items in the array, followed by the array of elements. The first MTP array contains the list of PUOIDs that have been added or changed. The second MTP array contains the list of PUOIDs that have been deleted from the portable device.Note that the sum of PUOID count in the two arrays must not exceed the value passed in Operation Parameter 3.
Data Direction R->I
Response Code Options MTP_RESPONSE_OK (0x2001) or valid error response code.
Response Parameter 1 The device's current transaction ID.
Response Parameter 2 The number of PUOIDs that remain to be retrieved by future requests.
Response Parameter 3 DWORD containing status information. Status is indicated in a bitwise fashion. See Remarks for information about flags to use.
Response Parameter 4 0
Response Parameter 5 0

Remarks

Status is indicated through Response Parameter 3 in a bitwise fashion by using the following flags.

Flag Value Description
WMP_MDRT_FLAGS_UNREPORTED_DELETED_ITEMS 0x1 Items were deleted before the first object path name being reported. This often indicates that the device was reformatted.
WMP_MDRT_FLAGS_UNREPORTED_ADDED_ITEMS 0x2 The device contains some added items that cannot be returned in the list of PUOIDS. Note that this flag is not redundant with Response Parameter 2. Set this flag only when there are requested items that the device cannot return.

Bits 2 through 31 are reserved for future use. These bits should be set to zero.

Windows Media Player sends the MTP command to a device at the start of a synchronization session before media files are transferred. The device should return its response as quickly as possible to avoid delays in the synchronization operation.

Windows Media Player will request values for the attributes listed in About the Metadata for each modified POUID returned in the response. Windows Media Player might send updated values for these attributes to the device in subsequent commands.

Files reported as having been removed from the device can be copied to the device again if the user's settings require it.

Device Extensions for Accelerated Metadata Transfer