DsGetSpnA function

The DsGetSpn function constructs an array of one or more service principal names (SPNs). Each name in the array identifies an instance of a service. These SPNs may be registered with the directory service (DS) using the DsWriteAccountSpn function.

Syntax

NTDSAPI DWORD DsGetSpnA(
  DS_SPN_NAME_TYPE ServiceType,
  LPCSTR           ServiceClass,
  LPCSTR           ServiceName,
  USHORT           InstancePort,
  USHORT           cInstanceNames,
  LPCSTR           *pInstanceNames,
  const USHORT     *pInstancePorts,
  DWORD            *pcSpn,
  LPSTR            **prpszSpn
);

Parameters

ServiceType

Identifies the format of the SPNs to compose. The ServiceType parameter can have one of the following values.

DS_SPN_DNS_HOST, DS_SPN_DN_HOST, DS_SPN_NB_HOST

The SPNs have the following format.

ServiceClass/ InstanceName: InstancePort

The ServiceName parameter must be NULL. This is the SPN format for a host-based service, which provides services identified with its host computer. The InstancePort component is optional.

DS_SPN_DOMAIN, DS_SPN_NB_DOMAIN

The SPNs have the following format.

ServiceClass/ InstanceName: InstancePort/ ServiceName

The ServiceName parameter must be the DNS name or DN of a domain. This format is used for a replicable service that provides services to the specified domain.

DS_SPN_SERVICE

The SPNs have the following format.

ServiceClass/ InstanceName: InstancePort/ ServiceName

The ServiceName parameter must be a canonical DN or DNS name that identifies an instance of the service. For example, it could be a DNS name of a SRV record, or the distinguished name of the service connection point for this service instance.

ServiceClass

Pointer to a constant null-terminated string that specifies the class of the service; for example, http. Generally, this can be any string that is unique to the service.

ServiceName

Pointer to a constant null-terminated string that specifies the DNS name or distinguished name (DN) of the service. ServiceName is not required for a host-based service. For more information, see the description of the ServiceType parameter for the possible values of ServiceName.

InstancePort

Specifies the port number of the service instance. If this value is zero, the SPN does not include a port number.

cInstanceNames

Specifies the number of elements in the pInstanceNames and pInstancePorts arrays. If this value is zero, pInstanceNames must point to an array of cInstanceNames strings, and pInstancePorts can be either NULL or a pointer to an array of cInstanceNames port numbers. If this value is zero, DsGetSpn returns only one SPN in the prpszSpn array and pInstanceNames and pInstancePorts are ignored.

pInstanceNames

Pointer to an array of null-terminated strings that specify extra instance names (not used for host names). This parameter is ignored if cInstanceNames is zero. In that case, the InstanceName component of the SPN defaults to the fully qualified DNS name of the local computer or the NetBIOS name if DS_SPN_NB_HOST or DS_SPN_NB_DOMAIN is specified.

pInstancePorts

Pointer to an array of extra instance ports. If this value is non-NULL, it must point to an array of cInstanceNames port numbers. If this value is NULL, the SPNs do not include a port number. This parameter is ignored if cInstanceNames is zero.

pcSpn

Pointer to a variable that receives the number of SPNs contained in prpszSpn.

prpszSpn

Pointer to a variable that receives a pointer to an array of SPNs. This array must be freed with DsFreeSpnArray.

Return Value

If the function returns an array of SPNs, the return value is ERROR_SUCCESS.

If the function fails, the return value can be one of the following error codes.

Remarks

To create SPNs for multiple instances of a replicated service running on multiple host computers

  1. Set cInstanceNames to the number of instances.
  2. Specify the names of the host computers in the pInstanceNames array.

To create SPNs for multiple instances of a service running on the same host computer

  1. Set the cInstanceNames to the number of instances.
  2. Set each entry in the pInstanceNames array to the DNS name of the host computer.
  3. Use the pInstancePorts parameter to specify an array of unique port numbers for each instance to disambiguate the SPNs.
String parameters cannot include the forward slash (/), which is used to separate the components of the SPN.

An application with the appropriate privileges, which are usually those of a domain administrator, can call the DsWriteAccountSpn function to register one or more SPNs on the user or computer account where the service is running. Clients can then use the SPNs to authenticate the service.

Requirements

   
Minimum supported client Windows Vista
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2008
Target Platform Windows
Header ntdsapi.h
Library Ntdsapi.lib
DLL Ntdsapi.dll

See Also

Domain Controller and Replication Management Functions

DsFreeSpnArray

DsWriteAccountSpn