ID3D12GraphicsCommandList::SetPredication method

Sets a rendering predicate.

Syntax

void SetPredication(
  ID3D12Resource       *pBuffer,
  UINT64               AlignedBufferOffset,
  D3D12_PREDICATION_OP Operation
);

Parameters

pBuffer

Type: ID3D12Resource*

The buffer, as an ID3D12Resource.

AlignedBufferOffset

Type: UINT64

The aligned buffer offset, as a UINT64.

Operation

Type: D3D12_PREDICATION_OP

Specifies a D3D12_PREDICATION_OP, such as D3D12_PREDICATION_OP_EQUAL_ZERO or D3D12_PREDICATION_OP_NOT_EQUAL_ZERO.

Return Value

This method does not return a value.

Remarks

Use this method to denote that subsequent rendering and resource manipulation commands are not actually performed if the resulting predicate data of the predicate is equal to the operation specified. However, some predicates are only hints, so they may not actually prevent operations from being performed.

Unlike Direct3D 11, in Direct3D 12 predication state is not inherited by direct command lists. All direct command lists begin with predication disabled. Bundles do inherit predication state. It is legal for the same predicate to be bound multiple times.

Illegal API calls will result in Close returning an error, or ID3D12CommandQueue::ExecuteCommandLists dropping the command list and removing the device.

The debug layer will issue errors whenever the runtime validation fails.

Refer to Predication for more information.

Examples

The D3D12PredicationQueries sample uses ID3D12GraphicsCommandList::SetPredication as follows:

// Fill the command list with all the render commands and dependent state.
void D3D12PredicationQueries::PopulateCommandList()
{
    // Command list allocators can only be reset when the associated 
    // command lists have finished execution on the GPU; apps should use 
    // fences to determine GPU execution progress.
    ThrowIfFailed(m_commandAllocators[m_frameIndex]->Reset());

    // However, when ExecuteCommandList() is called on a particular command 
    // list, that command list can then be reset at any time and must be before 
    // re-recording.
    ThrowIfFailed(m_commandList->Reset(m_commandAllocators[m_frameIndex].Get(), m_pipelineState.Get()));

    // Set necessary state.
    m_commandList->SetGraphicsRootSignature(m_rootSignature.Get());

    ID3D12DescriptorHeap* ppHeaps[] = { m_cbvHeap.Get() };
    m_commandList->SetDescriptorHeaps(_countof(ppHeaps), ppHeaps);

    m_commandList->RSSetViewports(1, &m_viewport);
    m_commandList->RSSetScissorRects(1, &m_scissorRect);

    // Indicate that the back buffer will be used as a render target.
    m_commandList->ResourceBarrier(1, &CD3DX12_RESOURCE_BARRIER::Transition(m_renderTargets[m_frameIndex].Get(), D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_PRESENT, D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_RENDER_TARGET));

    CD3DX12_CPU_DESCRIPTOR_HANDLE rtvHandle(m_rtvHeap->GetCPUDescriptorHandleForHeapStart(), m_frameIndex, m_rtvDescriptorSize);
    CD3DX12_CPU_DESCRIPTOR_HANDLE dsvHandle(m_dsvHeap->GetCPUDescriptorHandleForHeapStart());
    m_commandList->OMSetRenderTargets(1, &rtvHandle, FALSE, &dsvHandle);

    // Record commands.
    const float clearColor[] = { 0.0f, 0.2f, 0.4f, 1.0f };
    m_commandList->ClearRenderTargetView(rtvHandle, clearColor, 0, nullptr);
    m_commandList->ClearDepthStencilView(dsvHandle, D3D12_CLEAR_FLAG_DEPTH, 1.0f, 0, 0, nullptr);

    // Draw the quads and perform the occlusion query.
    {
        CD3DX12_GPU_DESCRIPTOR_HANDLE cbvFarQuad(m_cbvHeap->GetGPUDescriptorHandleForHeapStart(), m_frameIndex * CbvCountPerFrame, m_cbvSrvDescriptorSize);
        CD3DX12_GPU_DESCRIPTOR_HANDLE cbvNearQuad(cbvFarQuad, m_cbvSrvDescriptorSize);

        m_commandList->IASetPrimitiveTopology(D3D_PRIMITIVE_TOPOLOGY_TRIANGLESTRIP);
        m_commandList->IASetVertexBuffers(0, 1, &m_vertexBufferView);

        // Draw the far quad conditionally based on the result of the occlusion query
        // from the previous frame.
        m_commandList->SetGraphicsRootDescriptorTable(0, cbvFarQuad);
        m_commandList->SetPredication(m_queryResult.Get(), 0, D3D12_PREDICATION_OP_EQUAL_ZERO);
        m_commandList->DrawInstanced(4, 1, 0, 0);

        // Disable predication and always draw the near quad.
        m_commandList->SetPredication(nullptr, 0, D3D12_PREDICATION_OP_EQUAL_ZERO);
        m_commandList->SetGraphicsRootDescriptorTable(0, cbvNearQuad);
        m_commandList->DrawInstanced(4, 1, 4, 0);

        // Run the occlusion query with the bounding box quad.
        m_commandList->SetGraphicsRootDescriptorTable(0, cbvFarQuad);
        m_commandList->SetPipelineState(m_queryState.Get());
        m_commandList->BeginQuery(m_queryHeap.Get(), D3D12_QUERY_TYPE_BINARY_OCCLUSION, 0);
        m_commandList->DrawInstanced(4, 1, 8, 0);
        m_commandList->EndQuery(m_queryHeap.Get(), D3D12_QUERY_TYPE_BINARY_OCCLUSION, 0);

        // Resolve the occlusion query and store the results in the query result buffer
        // to be used on the subsequent frame.
        m_commandList->ResourceBarrier(1, &CD3DX12_RESOURCE_BARRIER::Transition(m_queryResult.Get(), D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_PREDICATION, D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_COPY_DEST));
        m_commandList->ResolveQueryData(m_queryHeap.Get(), D3D12_QUERY_TYPE_BINARY_OCCLUSION, 0, 1, m_queryResult.Get(), 0);
        m_commandList->ResourceBarrier(1, &CD3DX12_RESOURCE_BARRIER::Transition(m_queryResult.Get(), D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_COPY_DEST, D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_PREDICATION));
    }

    // Indicate that the back buffer will now be used to present.
    m_commandList->ResourceBarrier(1, &CD3DX12_RESOURCE_BARRIER::Transition(m_renderTargets[m_frameIndex].Get(), D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_RENDER_TARGET, D3D12_RESOURCE_STATE_PRESENT));

    ThrowIfFailed(m_commandList->Close());
}

See Example Code in the D3D12 Reference.

Requirements

   
Target Platform Windows
Header d3d12.h
Library D3d12.lib
DLL D3d12.dll

See Also

ID3D12GraphicsCommandList

Predication queries walk-through