WinHttpSetStatusCallback function

The WinHttpSetStatusCallback function sets up a callback function that WinHTTP can call as progress is made during an operation.

Syntax

WINHTTPAPI WINHTTP_STATUS_CALLBACK WinHttpSetStatusCallback(
  IN HINTERNET               hInternet,
  IN WINHTTP_STATUS_CALLBACK lpfnInternetCallback,
  IN DWORD                   dwNotificationFlags,
  IN DWORD_PTR               dwReserved
);

Parameters

hInternet

HINTERNET handle for which the callback is to be set.

lpfnInternetCallback

Pointer to the callback function to call when progress is made. Set this to NULL to remove the existing callback function. For more information about the callback function, see WINHTTP_STATUS_CALLBACK.

dwNotificationFlags

Unsigned long integer value that specifies flags to indicate which events activate the callback function.

The possible values are as follows.

Value Meaning
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_ALL_COMPLETIONS
Activates upon any completion notification. This flag specifies that all notifications required for read or write operations are used. See WINHTTP_STATUS_CALLBACK for a list of completions.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_ALL_NOTIFICATIONS
Activates upon any status change notification including completions. See WINHTTP_STATUS_CALLBACK for a list of notifications.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_RESOLVE_NAME
Activates upon beginning and completing name resolution.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_CONNECT_TO_SERVER
Activates upon beginning and completing connection to the server.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_DETECTING_PROXY
Activates when detecting the proxy server.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_DATA_AVAILABLE
Activates when completing a query for data.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_HEADERS_AVAILABLE
Activates when the response headers are available for retrieval.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_READ_COMPLETE
Activates upon completion of a data-read operation.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_REQUEST_ERROR
Activates when an asynchronous error occurs.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_SEND_REQUEST
Activates upon beginning and completing the sending of a request header with WinHttpSendRequest.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_SENDREQUEST_COMPLETE
Activates when a request header has been sent with WinHttpSendRequest.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_WRITE_COMPLETE
Activates upon completion of a data-post operation.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_RECEIVE_RESPONSE
Activates upon beginning and completing the receipt of a resource from the HTTP server.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_CLOSE_CONNECTION
Activates when beginning and completing the closing of an HTTP connection.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_HANDLES
Activates when an HINTERNET handle is created or closed.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_REDIRECT
Activates when the request is redirected.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_INTERMEDIATE_RESPONSE
Activates when receiving an intermediate (100 level) status code message from the server.
WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_SECURE_FAILURE
Activates upon a secure connection failure.

dwReserved

This parameter is reserved and must be NULL.

Return Value

If successful, returns a pointer to the previously defined status callback function or NULL if there was no previously defined status callback function. Returns WINHTTP_INVALID_STATUS_CALLBACK if the callback function could not be installed. For extended error information, call GetLastError. Among the error codes returned are the following.

Error Code Description
ERROR_WINHTTP_INCORRECT_HANDLE_TYPE
The type of handle supplied is incorrect for this operation.
ERROR_WINHTTP_INTERNAL_ERROR
An internal error has occurred.
ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY
Not enough memory was available to complete the requested operation. (Windows error code)

Remarks

If you set the callback on the session handle before creating the request handle, the request handle inherits the callback function pointer from its parent session.

Even when WinHTTP is used in asynchronous mode (that is, when WINHTTP_FLAG_ASYNC has been set in WinHttpOpen), this function operates synchronously. The return value indicates success or failure. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

Both synchronous and asynchronous functions use the callback function to indicate the progress of the request, such as resolving a name, connecting to a server, and so on. The callback function is required for an asynchronous operation.

A callback function can be set on any handle and is inherited by derived handles. A callback function can be changed using WinHttpSetStatusCallback, provided there are no pending requests that need to use the previous callback value. However, changing the callback function on a handle does not change the callbacks on derived handles, such as that returned by WinHttpConnect. You must change the callback function at each level.

Many WinHTTP functions perform several operations on the network. Each operation can take time to complete and each can fail.

After initiating the WinHttpSetStatusCallback function, the callback function can be accessed from within WinHTTP for monitoring time-intensive network operations.

At the end of asynchronous processing, the application may set the callback function to NULL. This prevents the client application from receiving additional notifications.

The following code snippet shows the recommended method for setting the callback function to NULL.

WinHttpSetStatusCallback( hOpen,
                          NULL,
                          WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_ALL_NOTIFICATIONS,
                          NULL );

Note, however, that WinHTTP does not synchronize WinHttpSetStatusCallback with worker threads. If a callback originating in another thread is in progress when an application calls WinHttpSetStatusCallback, the application still receives a callback notification even after WinHttpSetStatusCallback successfully sets the callback function to NULL and returns.

Note  For Windows XP and Windows 2000, see the Run-Time Requirements section of the WinHttp start page.
 

Examples

The following example shows how to install a callback function for asynchronous WinHTTP functions. The example assumes that a WINHTTP_STATUS_CALLBACK function named "AsyncCallback( )" has been previously implemented:

    // Use WinHttpOpen to obtain an HINTERNET handle.
    HINTERNET hSession = WinHttpOpen(L"A WinHTTP Example Program/1.0", 
                                    WINHTTP_ACCESS_TYPE_DEFAULT_PROXY,
                                    WINHTTP_NO_PROXY_NAME, 
                                    WINHTTP_NO_PROXY_BYPASS, 0);
    if (hSession)
    {
        // Install the status callback function.
        WINHTTP_STATUS_CALLBACK isCallback = WinHttpSetStatusCallback( hSession,
                                               (WINHTTP_STATUS_CALLBACK)AsyncCallback,
                                               WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_ALL_NOTIFICATIONS, 
                                               NULL);
                                               
        // Place additional code here.
    
        // When finished, release the HINTERNET handle.
        WinHttpCloseHandle(hSession);
    }
    else
    {
        printf("Error %u in WinHttpOpen.\n", GetLastError());
    }

Requirements

   
Minimum supported client Windows XP, Windows 2000 Professional with SP3 [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2003, Windows 2000 Server with SP3 [desktop apps only]
Target Platform Windows
Header winhttp.h
Library Winhttp.lib
DLL Winhttp.dll
Redistributable WinHTTP 5.0 and Internet Explorer 5.01 or later on Windows XP and Windows 2000.

See Also

About Microsoft Windows HTTP Services (WinHTTP)

WINHTTP_STATUS_CALLBACK

WinHTTP Versions

WinHttpConnect

WinHttpOpen