Shared experiences in Unity

A shared experience is one where multiple users, each with their own HoloLens, collectively view and interact with the same hologram which is positioned at a fixed point in space. This is accomplished through anchor sharing. To use anchor sharing in your app, the spatialPerception capability needs to be set in your AppxManifest.

Anchor Sharing

Namespace: UnityEngine.XR.WSA.Sharing
Type: WorldAnchorTransferBatch

To share a WorldAnchor, one must establish the anchor to be shared. The user of one HoloLens scans their environment and either manually or programmatically chooses a point in space to be the Anchor for the shared experience. The data that represents this point can then be serialized and transmitted to the other devices that are sharing in the experience. Each device then de-serializes the anchor data and attempts to locate that point in space. In order for Anchor Sharing to work, each device must have scanned in enough of the environment such that the point represented by the anchor can be identified.

Setting the SpatialPerception capability

In order for an app to import or export anchor data, the SpatialPerception capability must be enabled.

How to enable the SpatialPerception capability:

  1. In the Unity Editor, open the "Player Settings" pane (Edit > Project Settings > Player)
  2. Click on the "Windows Store" tab
  3. Expand "Publishing Settings" and check the "SpatialPerception" capability in the "Capabilities" list


If you have already exported your Unity project to a Visual Studio solution, you will need to either export to a new folder or manually set this capability in the AppxManifest in Visual Studio.


The sample code on this page has a few fields that will need to be initialized:

  1. GameObject rootGameObject is a GameObject in Unity that has a WorldAnchor Component on it. One user in the shared experience will place this GameObject and export the data to the other users.
  2. WorldAnchor gameRootAnchor is the UnityEngine.XR.WSA.WorldAnchor that is on rootGameObject.
  3. byte[] importedData is a byte array for the serialized anchor each client is receiving over the network.
public GameObject rootGameObject;
private UnityEngine.XR.WSA.WorldAnchor gameRootAnchor;

void Start ()
    gameRootAnchor = rootGameObject.GetComponent<UnityEngine.XR.WSA.WorldAnchor>();

    if (gameRootAnchor == null)
        gameRootAnchor = rootGameObject.AddComponent<UnityEngine.XR.WSA.WorldAnchor>();


To export, we just need a WorldAnchor and to know what we will call it such that it makes sense for the receiving app. One client in the shared experience will perform these steps to export the shared anchor:

  1. Create a WorldAnchorTransferBatch
  2. Add the WorldAnchors to transfer
  3. Begin the export
  4. Handle the OnExportDataAvailable event as data becomes available
  5. Handle the OnExportComplete event

We create a WorldAnchorTransferBatch to encapsulate what we will be transferring and then export that into bytes:

private void ExportGameRootAnchor()
    WorldAnchorTransferBatch transferBatch = new WorldAnchorTransferBatch();
    transferBatch.AddWorldAnchor("gameRoot", this.gameRootAnchor);
    WorldAnchorTransferBatch.ExportAsync(transferBatch, OnExportDataAvailable, OnExportComplete);

As data becomes available, send the bytes to the client or buffer as segments of data is available and send through whatever means desired:

private void OnExportDataAvailable(byte[] data)

Once the export is complete, if we have been transferring data and serialization failed, tell the client to discard the data. If the serialization succeeded, tell the client that all data has been transferred and importing can start:

private void OnExportComplete(SerializationCompletionReason completionReason)
    if (completionReason != SerializationCompletionReason.Succeeded)


After receiving all of the bytes from the sender, we can import the data back into a WorldAnchorTransferBatch and lock our root game object into the same physical location. Note: import will sometimes transiently fail and needs to be retried:

// This byte array should have been updated over the network from TransferDataToClient
private byte[] importedData;
private int retryCount = 3;

private void ImportRootGameObject()
    WorldAnchorTransferBatch.ImportAsync(importedData, OnImportComplete);

private void OnImportComplete(SerializationCompletionReason completionReason, WorldAnchorTransferBatch deserializedTransferBatch)
    if (completionReason != SerializationCompletionReason.Succeeded)
        Debug.Log("Failed to import: " + completionReason.ToString());
        if (retryCount > 0)
            WorldAnchorTransferBatch.ImportAsync(importedData, OnImportComplete);

    this.gameRootAnchor = deserializedTransferBatch.LockObject("gameRoot", this.rootGameObject);

After a GameObject is locked via the LockObject call, it will have a WorldAnchor which will keep it in the same physical position in the world, but it may be at a different location in the Unity coordinate space than other users.

Example: MixedRealityToolkit Sharing

You can use the Sharing prefab from the MixedRealityToolkit-Unity repository on GitHub to implement shared experiences in your applications.

See also