Package a desktop app manually
This article shows you how to package your application without using tools such as Visual Studio or the MSIX Packaging Tool.
To manually package your app, create a package manifest file, and then run the MakeAppx.exe command line tool to generate a Windows app package.
Consider manual packaging if you install your application by using the xcopy command, or you're familiar with the changes that your app's installer makes to the system and want more granular control over the process.
If you're uncertain about what changes your installer makes to the system, or if you'd rather use automated tools to generate your package manifest, consider any of these options.
The ability to create a Windows app package for your desktop application (otherwise known as the Desktop Bridge) was introduced in Windows 10, version 1607, and it can only be used in projects that target Windows 10 Anniversary Update (10.0; Build 14393) or a later release in Visual Studio.
First, prepare your application
Review this guide before you begin creating a package for your application: Prepare to package a desktop application.
Create a package manifest
Create a file, name it appxmanifest.xml, and then add this XML to it.
It's a basic template that contains the elements and attributes that your package needs. We'll add values to these in the next section.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <Package xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/appx/manifest/foundation/windows10" xmlns:uap="http://schemas.microsoft.com/appx/manifest/uap/windows10" xmlns:rescap="http://schemas.microsoft.com/appx/manifest/foundation/windows10/restrictedcapabilities"> <Identity Name="" Version="" Publisher="" ProcessorArchitecture="" /> <Properties> <DisplayName></DisplayName> <PublisherDisplayName></PublisherDisplayName> <Description></Description> <Logo></Logo> </Properties> <Resources> <Resource Language="" /> </Resources> <Dependencies> <TargetDeviceFamily Name="Windows.Desktop" MinVersion="" MaxVersionTested="" /> </Dependencies> <Capabilities> <rescap:Capability Name="runFullTrust"/> </Capabilities> <Applications> <Application Id="" Executable="" EntryPoint="Windows.FullTrustApplication"> <uap:VisualElements DisplayName="" Description="" Square150x150Logo="" Square44x44Logo="" BackgroundColor="" /> </Application> </Applications> </Package>
Fill in the package-level elements of your file
Fill in this template with information that describes your package.
Here's an example Identity element with placeholder text for the attributes. You can set the
ProcessorArchitecture attribute to
<Identity Name="MyCompany.MySuite.MyApp" Version="188.8.131.52" Publisher="CN=MyCompany, O=MyCompany, L=MyCity, S=MyState, C=MyCountry" ProcessorArchitecture="x64">
If you've reserved your application name in the Microsoft Store, you can obtain the Name and Publisher by using Partner Center. If you plan to sideload your application onto other systems, you can provide your own names for these as long as the publisher name that you choose matches the name on the certificate you use to sign your app.
The Properties element has 3 required child elements. Here is an example Properties node with placeholder text for the elements. The DisplayName is the name of your application that you reserve in the Store, for apps which are uploaded to the Store.
<Properties> <DisplayName>MyApp</DisplayName> <PublisherDisplayName>MyCompany</PublisherDisplayName> <Logo>images\icon.png</Logo> </Properties>
Here is an example Resources node.
<Resources> <Resource Language="en-us" /> </Resources>
For desktop apps that you create a package for, always set the
Name attribute to
<Dependencies> <TargetDeviceFamily Name="Windows.Desktop" MinVersion="10.0.14316.0" MaxVersionTested="10.0.15063.0" /> </Dependencies>
For desktop apps that you create a package for, you'll have to add the
<Capabilities> <rescap:Capability Name="runFullTrust"/> </Capabilities>
Fill in the application-level elements
Fill in this template with information that describes your app.
For desktop apps that you create a package for, the
EntryPoint attribute of the Application element is always
<Applications> <Application Id="MyApp" Executable="MyApp.exe" EntryPoint="Windows.FullTrustApplication"> </Application> </Applications>
Here is an example VisualElements node.
<uap:VisualElements BackgroundColor="#464646" DisplayName="My App" Square150x150Logo="images\icon.png" Square44x44Logo="images\small_icon.png" Description="A useful description" />
(Optional) Add Target-based unplated assets
Target-based assets are for icons and tiles that appear on the Windows taskbar, task view, ALT+TAB, snap-assist, and the lower-right corner of Start tiles. You can read more about them here.
Obtain the correct 44x44 images and then copy them into the folder that contains your images (i.e., Assets).
For each 44x44 image, create a copy in the same folder and append .targetsize-44_altform-unplated to the file name. You should have two copies of each icon, each named in a specific way. For example, after completing the process, your assets folder might contain MYAPP_44x44.png and MYAPP_44x44.targetsize-44_altform-unplated.png.
In this example, the icon named MYAPP_44x44.png is the icon that you'll reference in the
Square44x44Logologo attribute of your Windows app package.
In the Windows app package, set the
BackgroundColorfor every icon you are making transparent.
Continue to the next subsection to generate a new Package Resource Index file.
Generate a Package Resource Index (PRI) file
If you create target-based assets as described in the section above, or you modify any of the visual assets of your application after you've created the package, you'll have to generate a new PRI file.
Open a Developer Command Prompt for VS 2017.
Change directory to the package's root folder, and then create a priconfig.xml file by running the command
makepri createconfig /cf priconfig.xml /dq en-US.
Create the resources.pri file(s) by using the command
makepri new /pr <PHYSICAL_PATH_TO_FOLDER> /cf <PHYSICAL_PATH_TO_FOLDER>\priconfig.xml.
For example, the command for your application might look like this:
makepri new /pr c:\MYAPP /cf c:\MYAPP\priconfig.xml.
Package your Windows app package by using the instructions in the next step.
Generate a Windows app package
Use MakeAppx.exe to generate a Windows app package for your project. It's included with the Windows 10 SDK, and if you have Visual Studio installed, it can be easily accessed through the Developer Command Prompt for your Visual Studio version.
Run the packaged app
You can run your application to test it out locally without having to obtain a certificate and sign it. Just run this PowerShell cmdlet:
Add-AppxPackage –Register AppxManifest.xml
To update your app's .exe or .dll files, replace the existing files in your package with the new ones, increase the version number in AppxManifest.xml, and then run the above command again.
A packaged application always runs as an interactive user, and any drive that you install your packaged application on to must be formatted to NTFS format.
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