Sign an app package using SignTool
SignTool is a command line tool used to digitally sign an app package or bundle with a certificate. The certificate can either be created by the user (for testing purposes) or issued by a company (for distribution). Signing an app package provides the user with verification that the app's data has not been modified after it was signed while also confirming the identity of the user or company that signed it. SignTool can sign encrypted or unencrypted app packages and bundles.
If you used Visual Studio to develop your app, it's recommended that you use the Visual Studio wizard to create and sign your app package. For more information, see Package a UWP app with Visual Studio and Package a desktop app from source code using Visual Studio.
For more information about code signing and certificates in general, see Introduction to Code Signing.
A packaged app
To learn more about manually creating an app package, see Create an app package with the MakeAppx.exe tool.
A valid signing certificate
For more information about creating or importing a valid signing certificate, see Create or import a certificate for package signing.
Based on your installation path of the SDK, this is where SignTool is on your Windows 10 PC:
- x86: C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\bin\<sdk version>\x86\SignTool.exe
- x64: C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\bin\<sdk version>\x64\SignTool.exe
SignTool can be used to sign files, verify signatures or timestamps, remove signatures, and more. For the purpose of signing an app package, we will focus on the sign command. For full information on SignTool, see the SignTool reference page.
Determine the hash algorithm
When using SignTool to sign your app package or bundle, the hash algorithm used in SignTool must be the same algorithm you used to package your app. For example, if you used MakeAppx.exe to create your app package with the default settings, you must specify SHA256 when using SignTool since that's the default algorithm used by MakeAppx.exe.
To find out which hash algorithm was used while packaging your app, extract the contents of the app package and inspect the AppxBlockMap.xml file. To learn how to unpack/extract an app package, see Extract files from a package or bundle. The hash method is in the BlockMap element and has this format:
<BlockMap xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/appx/2010/blockmap" HashMethod="http://www.w3.org/2001/04/xmlenc#sha256">
This table shows each HashMethod value and its corresponding hash algorithm:
|HashMethod value||Hash Algorithm|
Since SignTool's default algorithm is SHA1 (not available in MakeAppx.exe), you must always specify a hash algorithm when using SignTool.
Sign the app package
Once you have all of the prerequisites and you've determined which hash algorithm was used to package your app, you're ready to sign it.
The general command line syntax for SignTool package signing is:
SignTool sign [options] <filename(s)>
The certificate used to sign your app must be either a .pfx file or be installed in a certificate store.
To sign your app package with a certificate from a .pfx file, use the following syntax:
SignTool sign /fd <Hash Algorithm> /a /f <Path to Certificate>.pfx /p <Your Password> <File path>.appx
SignTool sign /fd <Hash Algorithm> /a /f <Path to Certificate>.pfx /p <Your Password> <File path>.msix
Note that the
/a option allows SignTool to choose the best certificate automatically.
If your certificate is not a .pfx file, use the following syntax:
SignTool sign /fd <Hash Algorithm> /n <Name of Certificate> <File Path>.appx
SignTool sign /fd <Hash Algorithm> /n <Name of Certificate> <File Path>.msix
Alternatively, you can specify the SHA1 hash of the desired certificate instead of <Name of Certificate> using this syntax:
SignTool sign /fd <Hash Algorithm> /sha1 <SHA1 hash> <File Path>.appx
SignTool sign /fd <Hash Algorithm> /sha1 <SHA1 hash> <File Path>.msix
Note that some certificates do not use a password. If your certificate does not have a password, omit "/p <Your Password>" from the sample commands.
Once your app package is signed with a valid certificate, you're ready to upload your package to the Store. For more guidance on uploading and submitting apps to the Store, see App submissions.