BitLocker Management for Enterprises
The ideal for BitLocker management is to eliminate the need for IT admins to set management policies using tools or other mechanisms by having Windows perform tasks that are more practical to automate. This vision leverages modern hardware developments. The growth of TPM 2.0, Secure Boot, and other hardware improvements, for example, has helped to alleviate the support burden on the helpdesk, and we are seeing a consequent decrease in support call volumes, yielding improved user satisfaction. Windows continues to be the focus for new features and improvements for built-in encryption management, such as automatically enabling encryption on devices that support Modern Standby beginning with Windows 8.1.
Though much Windows BitLocker documentation has been published, customers frequently ask for recommendations and pointers to specific, task-oriented documentation that is both easy to digest and focused on how to deploy and manage BitLocker. This article links to relevant documentation, products, and services to help answer this and other related frequently-asked questions, and also provides BitLocker recommendations for different types of computers.
Microsoft BitLocker Administration and Monitoring (MBAM) capabilities will be offered from SCCM in on-prem scenarios in the future.
Managing domain-joined computers and moving to cloud
Companies that image their own computers using Microsoft System Center 2012 Configuration Manager SP1 (SCCM) or later can use an existing task sequence to pre-provision BitLocker encryption while in Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE) and can then enable protection. This can help ensure that computers are encrypted from the start, even before users receive them. As part of the imaging process, a company could also decide to use SCCM to pre-set any desired BitLocker Group Policy.
Enterprises can use Microsoft BitLocker Administration and Monitoring (MBAM) to manage client computers with BitLocker that are domain-joined on-premises until mainstream support ends in July 2019 or they can receive extended support until July 2024. Thus, over the next few years, a good strategy for enterprises will be to plan and move to cloud-based management for BitLocker. Refer to the PowerShell examples to see how to store recovery keys in Azure Active Directory (Azure AD).
Managing devices joined to Azure Active Directory
Devices joined to Azure AD are managed using Mobile Device Management (MDM) policy from an MDM solution such as Microsoft Intune. Without Windows 10, version 1809, only local administrators can enable BitLocker via Intune policy. Starting with Windows 10, version 1809, Intune can enable BitLocker for standard users. BitLocker Device Encryption status can be queried from managed machines via the Policy Configuration Settings Provider (CSP), which reports on whether BitLocker Device Encryption is enabled on the device. Compliance with BitLocker Device Encryption policy can be a requirement for Conditional Access to services like Exchange Online and SharePoint Online.
Starting with Windows 10 version 1703 (also known as the Windows Creators Update), the enablement of BitLocker can be triggered over MDM either by the Policy CSP or the BitLocker CSP. The BitLocker CSP adds policy options that go beyond ensuring that encryption has occurred, and is available on computers that run Windows 10 and on Windows phones.
For hardware that is compliant with Modern Standby and HSTI, when using either of these features, BitLocker Device Encryption is automatically turned on whenever the user joins a device to Azure AD. Azure AD provides a portal where recovery keys are also backed up, so users can retrieve their own recovery key for self-service, if required. For older devices that are not yet encrypted, beginning with Windows 10 version 1703 (the Windows 10 Creators Update), admins can use the BitLocker CSP to trigger encryption and store the recovery key in Azure AD.
This is applicable to Azure Hybrid AD as well.
Managing workplace-joined PCs and phones
For Windows PCs and Windows Phones that enroll using Connect to work or school account, BitLocker Device Encryption is managed over MDM, the same as devices joined to Azure AD.
Servers are often installed, configured, and deployed using PowerShell, so the recommendation is to also use PowerShell to enable BitLocker on a server, ideally as part of the initial setup. BitLocker is an Optional Component (OC) in Windows Server, so follow the directions in BitLocker: How to deploy on Windows Server 2012 and later to add the BitLocker OC.
The Minimal Server Interface is a prerequisite for some of the BitLocker administration tools. On a Server Core installation, you must add the necessary GUI components first. The steps to add shell components to Server Core are described in Using Features on Demand with Updated Systems and Patched Images and How to update local source media to add roles and features.
If you are installing a server manually, such as a stand-alone server, then choosing Server with Desktop Experience is the easiest path because you can avoid performing the steps to add a GUI to Server Core.
Additionally, lights out data centers can take advantage of the enhanced security of a second factor while avoiding the need for user intervention during reboots by optionally using a combination of BitLocker (TPM+PIN) and BitLocker Network Unlock. BitLocker Network Unlock brings together the best of hardware protection, location dependence, and automatic unlock, while in the trusted location. For the configuration steps, see BitLocker: How to enable Network Unlock.
For more information, see the Bitlocker FAQs article and other useful links in Related Articles.
For Azure AD-joined computers, including virtual machines, the recovery password should be stored in Azure Active Directory.
Example: Use PowerShell to add a recovery password and back it up to Azure AD before enabling BitLocker
PS C:\>Add-BitLockerKeyProtector -MountPoint "C:" -RecoveryPasswordProtector PS C:\>$BLV = Get-BitLockerVolume -MountPoint "C:" PS C:\>BackupToAAD-BitLockerKeyProtector -MountPoint "C:" -KeyProtectorId $BLV.KeyProtector.KeyProtectorId
For domain-joined computers, including servers, the recovery password should be stored in Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS).
Example: Use PowerShell to add a recovery password and back it up to AD DS before enabling BitLocker
PS C:\>Add-BitLockerKeyProtector -MountPoint "C:" -RecoveryPasswordProtector PS C:\>$BLV = Get-BitLockerVolume -MountPoint "C:" PS C:\>Backup-BitLockerKeyProtector -MountPoint "C:" -KeyProtectorId $BLV.KeyProtector.KeyProtectorId
Subsequently, you can use PowerShell to enable BitLocker.
Example: Use PowerShell to enable BitLocker with a TPM protector
PS C:\>Enable-BitLocker -MountPoint "D:" -EncryptionMethod XtsAes256 -UsedSpaceOnly -TpmProtector
Example: Use PowerShell to enable BitLocker with a TPM+PIN protector, in this case with a PIN set to 123456
PS C:\>$SecureString = ConvertTo-SecureString "123456" -AsPlainText -Force PS C:\> Enable-BitLocker -MountPoint "C:" -EncryptionMethod XtsAes256 -UsedSpaceOnly -Pin $SecureString -TPMandPinProtector
System Center 2012 Configuration Manager SP1 (Pre-provision BitLocker task sequence)
Microsoft Intune (Overview)
Windows Server setup tools
How to add or remove optional components on Server Core (Features on Demand)