Create a simple Universal Windows Platform (UWP) game with DirectX

In this set of tutorials, you learn how to create a basic Universal Windows Platform (UWP) game with DirectX and C++. We cover all the major parts of a game, including the processes for loading assets such as arts and meshes, creating a main game loop, implementing a simple rendering pipeline, and adding sound and controls.

We show you the UWP game development techniques and considerations. We don't provide a complete end-to-end game. Rather, we focus on key UWP DirectX game development concepts, and call out Windows Runtime specific considerations around those concepts.

Objective

To use the basic concepts and components of a UWP DirectX game, and to become more comfortable designing UWP games with DirectX.

What you need to know before starting

Before we get started with this tutorial, you need to be familiar with these subjects.

  • Microsoft C++ with Windows Runtime Language Extensions (C++/CX). This is an update to Microsoft C++ that incorporates automatic reference counting, and is the language for developing a UWP games with DirectX 11.1 or later versions.
  • Basic linear algebra and Newtonian physics concepts.
  • Basic graphics programming terminology.
  • Basic Windows programming concepts.
  • Basic familiarity with the Direct2D and Direct3D 11 APIs.

The Windows Store Direct3D shooting game sample

This sample implements a simple first-person shooting gallery, where the player fires balls at moving targets. Hitting each target awards a set number of points, and the player can progress through 6 levels of increasing challenge. At the end of the levels, the points are tallied, and the player is awarded a final score.

The sample demonstrates the game concepts:

  • Interoperation between DirectX 11.1 and the Windows Runtime
  • A first-person 3D perspective and camera
  • Stereoscopic 3D effects
  • Collision detection between objects in 3D
  • Handling player input for mouse, touch, and Xbox controller controls
  • Audio mixing and playback
  • A basic game state machine

the game sample in action

Topic Description
Set up the game project The first step in assembling your game is to set up a project in Microsoft Visual Studio in such a way that you minimize the amount of code infrastructure work you need to do. You can save yourself a lot of time and hassle by using the right template and configuring the project specifically for game development. We walk you through the setup and configuration of a simple game project.
Define the game's UWP app framework Build a framework that lets the UWP DirectX game object interact with Windows. This includes Windows Runtime properties like suspend/resume event handling, window focus, and snapping.
Game flow management Define the high-level state machine to enable player and system interaction. Learn how UI interacts with the overall game's state machine and how to create event handlers for UWP games.
Define the main game object Define how the game is played by creating rules.
Rendering framework I: Intro to rendering Assemble a rendering framework to display graphics. This topic is split into two parts. Intro to rendering explains how to present the scene objects for display on screen.
Rendering framework II: Game rendering In the second part of the rendering topic, learn how to prepare the data required before rendering occurs.
Add a user interface Add simple menu options and heads-up display components, providing feedback to the player.
Add controls Add move-look controls into the game — basic touch, mouse, and game controller controls.
Add sound Learn how to create sounds for the game using XAudio2 APIs.
Extend the game sample Resources to further your knowledge of DirectX game development, includes using XAML to create overlays.