IAudioClock2::GetDevicePosition method

The GetDevicePosition method gets the current device position, in frames, directly from the hardware.


HRESULT GetDevicePosition(
  UINT64 *DevicePosition,
  UINT64 *QPCPosition



Receives the device position, in frames. The received position is an unprocessed value that the method obtains directly from the hardware. For more information, see Remarks.


Receives the value of the performance counter at the time that the audio endpoint device read the device position retrieved in the DevicePosition parameter in response to the GetDevicePosition call.
GetDevicePosition converts the counter value to 100-nanosecond time units before writing it to QPCPosition. QPCPosition can be NULL if the client does not require the performance counter value. For more information, see Remarks.

Return Value

If the method succeeds, it returns S_OK.

Return code Description
Parameter DevicePosition is NULL.
The audio endpoint has been disconnected.
The IAudioClient::Start method has not been called for this stream.


This method only applies to shared-mode streams.

This method retrieves two correlated stream-position values:

  • Device position. The client retrieves the unprocessed device position in DevicePosition. This is the stream position of the sample that is currently playing through the speakers (for a rendering stream) or being recorded through the microphone (for a capture stream). The sampling rate of the device endpoint may be different from the sampling rate of the mix format used by the client. To retrieve the device position from the client, call IAudioClock::GetPosition.
  • Performance counter. The client retrieves the performance counter in QPCPosition. GetDevicePosition obtains the counter value by calling the QueryPerformanceCounter function at the time that the audio endpoint device stores the stream position in the DevicePosition parameter of the GetDevicePosition method. GetDevicePosition converts the counter value to 100-nanosecond time units. For more information about QueryPerformanceCounter and QueryPerformanceFrequency, see the Windows SDK documentation.
Given the device position and the performance counter at the time of the GetDevicePosition call, the client can get a more timely estimate of the device position at a later time by calling QueryPerformanceCounter to obtain the current performance counter, and extrapolating the device position based on how far the counter has advanced since the original device position was recorded. The client can call the QueryPerformanceCounter function to get the frequency of the clock that increments the counter. Before comparing the raw counter value obtained from QueryPerformanceCounter to the value retrieved by GetDevicePosition, convert the raw counter value to 100-nanosecond time units as follows:
  1. Multiply the raw counter value by 10,000,000.
  2. Divide the result by the counter frequency obtained from QueryPerformanceCounter.


Minimum supported client Windows 7 [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2008 R2 [desktop apps only]
Target Platform Windows
Header audioclient.h

See Also