CM_Query_And_Remove_SubTree_ExW function

[Beginning with Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012, this function has been deprecated. Please use CM_Query_And_Remove_SubTree instead.]

The CM_Query_And_Remove_SubTree_Ex function checks whether a device instance and its children can be removed and, if so, it removes them.


CMAPI CONFIGRET CM_Query_And_Remove_SubTree_ExW(
  DEVINST        dnAncestor,
  LPWSTR         pszVetoName,
  ULONG          ulNameLength,
  ULONG          ulFlags,
  HMACHINE       hMachine



Caller-supplied device instance handle to the device at the root of the subtree to be removed. This device instance handle is bound to the machine handle supplied by hMachine.


(Optional) If the caller does not pass NULL and the removal request is vetoed (that is, the function returns CR_REMOVE_VETOED), on return this points to a PNP_VETO_TYPE-typed value that indicates the reason for the veto.


(Optional) If the caller does not pass NULL and the removal request is vetoed (that is, the function returns CR_REMOVE_VETOED), on return this points to a text string that is associated with the veto type. The type of information this string provides is dependent on the value received by pVetoType. For information about these strings, see PNP_VETO_TYPE.


(Optional.) Caller-supplied value representing the length (number of characters) of the string buffer supplied by pszVetoName. This should be set to MAX_PATH.


A bitwise OR of the caller-supplied flag constants that are described in the Remarks section.


Caller-supplied machine handle to which the caller-supplied device instance handle is bound.

Note  Using this function to access remote machines is not supported beginning with Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012, as this functionality has been removed.

Return value

If the operation succeeds, the function returns CR_SUCCESS. Otherwise, it returns one of the CR_-prefixed error codes defined in Cfgmgr32.h.


The purpose of the CM_Query_And_Remove_SubTree_Ex function is to allow an application to prepare a device for safe removal from a remote machine. Use this function to remove devices only if a driver has not set the SurpriseRemovalOK member of DEVICE_CAPABILITIES. If a driver has set SurpriseRemovalOK, the application should call CM_Request_Device_Eject_Ex instead of CM_Query_And_Remove_SubTree_Ex.

CM_Query_And_Remove_SubTree_Ex supports setting the flags parameter ulFlags with one of the following two flags; these flags apply only if Windows or an installer vetoes the removal of a device:

Beginning with Windows XP, CM_Query_And_Remove_SubTree_Ex also supports setting the following additional flag; this flag applies only if the function successfully removes the device instance:

Device installation applications that do not require the low-level operation of CM_Query_And_Remove_SubTree_Ex should use the DIF_PROPERTYCHANGE request to disable a device instead of using CM_Query_And_Remove_SubTree_Ex to remove a device. The DIF_PROPERTYCHANGE request can be used to enable, disable, restart, stop, or change the properties of a device.

Callers of this function must have SeLoadDriverPrivilege. (Privileges are described in the Microsoft Windows SDK documentation.)

For information about using device instance handles that are bound to a local or a remote machine, see CM_Get_Child_Ex.

Functionality to access remote machines has been removed in Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012 and later operating systems thus you cannot access remote machines when running on these versions of Windows.


Minimum supported client Available in Microsoft Windows 2000 and later versions of Windows.
Target Platform Desktop
Header cfgmgr32.h (include Cfgmgr32.h)
Library Cfgmgr32.lib

See also