IDXGIKeyedMutex::AcquireSync method

Using a key, acquires exclusive rendering access to a shared resource.


HRESULT AcquireSync(
  UINT64 Key,
  DWORD  dwMilliseconds



Type: UINT64

A value that indicates which device to give access to. This method will succeed when the device that currently owns the surface calls the IDXGIKeyedMutex::ReleaseSync method using the same value. This value can be any UINT64 value.



The time-out interval, in milliseconds. This method will return if the interval elapses, and the keyed mutex has not been released using the specified Key. If this value is set to zero, the AcquireSync method will test to see if the keyed mutex has been released and returns immediately. If this value is set to INFINITE, the time-out interval will never elapse.

Return Value


Return S_OK if successful.

If the owning device attempted to create another keyed mutex on the same shared resource, AcquireSync returns E_FAIL.

AcquireSync can also return the following DWORD constants. Therefore, you should explicitly check for these constants. If you only use the SUCCEEDED macro on the return value to determine if AcquireSync succeeded, you will not catch these constants.

  • WAIT_ABANDONED - The shared surface and keyed mutex are no longer in a consistent state. If AcquireSync returns this value, you should release and recreate both the keyed mutex and the shared surface.
  • WAIT_TIMEOUT - The time-out interval elapsed before the specified key was released.


The AcquireSync method creates a lock to a surface that is shared between multiple devices, allowing only one device to render to a surface at a time.
This method uses a key to determine which device currently has exclusive access to the surface.

When a surface is created using the D3D10_RESOURCE_MISC_SHARED_KEYEDMUTEX value of the D3D10_RESOURCE_MISC_FLAG enumeration, you must call the AcquireSync method before rendering to the surface. You must call the ReleaseSync method when you are done rendering to a surface.

To acquire a reference to the keyed mutex object of a shared resource, call the QueryInterface method of the resource and pass in the UUID of the IDXGIKeyedMutex interface. For more information about acquiring this reference, see the following code example.

The AcquireSync method uses the key as follows, depending on the state of the surface:

  • On initial creation, the surface is unowned and any device can call the AcquireSync method to gain access. For an unowned device, only a key of 0 will succeed. Calling the AcquireSync method for any other key will stall the calling CPU thread.
  • If the surface is owned by a device when you call the AcquireSync method, the CPU thread that called the AcquireSync method will stall until the owning device calls the ReleaseSync method using the same Key.
  • If the surface is unowned when you call the AcquireSync method (for example, the last owning device has already called the ReleaseSync method), the AcquireSync method will succeed if you specify the same key that was specified when the ReleaseSync method was last called. Calling the AcquireSync method using any other key will cause a stall.
  • When the owning device calls the ReleaseSync method with a particular key, and more than one device is waiting after calling the AcquireSync method using the same key, any one of the waiting devices could be woken up first. The order in which devices are woken up is undefined.
  • A keyed mutex does not support recursive calls to the AcquireSync method.


Acquiring a Keyed Mutex

The following code example demonstrates how to acquire a lock to a shared resource and how to specify a key upon release.

// pDesc has already been set up with texture description.

// Create a shared texture resource.
pD3D10DeviceD->CreateTexture2D(pDesc, NULL, pD3D10Texture);

// Acquire a reference to the keyed mutex.
pD3D10Texture->QueryInterface(_uuidof(IDXGIKeyedMutex), pDXGIKeyedMutex);

// Acquire a lock to the resource.
pDXGIKeyedMutex->AcquireSync(0, INFINITE);

// Release the lock and specify a key.


Target Platform Windows
Header dxgi.h
Library DXGI.lib

See Also

DXGI Interfaces