ControlTraceA function (evntrace.h)

The ControlTrace function flushes, queries, updates, or stops the specified event tracing session.

Syntax

ULONG WMIAPI ControlTraceA(
  [in]      TRACEHANDLE             TraceHandle,
  [in]      LPCSTR                  InstanceName,
  [in, out] PEVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES Properties,
  [in]      ULONG                   ControlCode
);

Parameters

[in] TraceHandle

Handle to an event tracing session, or 0. You must specify a non-zero SessionHandle if SessionName is NULL. ETW ignores the handle if SessionName is not NULL.

The StartTrace function returns this handle when a new trace is started. To obtain the handle of an existing trace, use ControlTrace to query the trace properties based on the trace's name and then get the handle from the Wnode.HistoricalContext field of the returned EVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES data.

[in] InstanceName

Name of an event tracing session, or NULL. You must specify InstanceName if TraceHandle is 0.

To specify the NT Kernel Logger session, set InstanceName to KERNEL_LOGGER_NAME.

[in, out] Properties

Pointer to an initialized EVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES structure. This structure should be zeroed-out before setting any fields.

If ControlCode specifies EVENT_TRACE_CONTROL_STOP, EVENT_TRACE_CONTROL_QUERY or EVENT_TRACE_CONTROL_FLUSH, you only need to set the Wnode.BufferSize, Wnode.Guid, LoggerNameOffset, and LogFileNameOffset members of the EVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES structure. If the session is a private session, you also need to set LogFileMode. You can use the maximum session name (1024 characters) and maximum log file name (1024 characters) lengths to calculate the buffer size and offsets if not known.

If ControlCode specifies EVENT_TRACE_CONTROL_UPDATE, on input, the members must specify the new values for the properties to update. On output, Properties contains the properties and statistics for the event tracing session. You can update the following properties.

  • EnableFlags: Set this member to 0 to disable all system providers. Set this to a non-zero value to specify the system providers that you want to enable or keep enabled. This may be non-zero only for system loggers.

  • FlushTimer: Set this member if you want to change the time to wait before flushing buffers. If this member is 0, the member is not updated.

  • LogFileNameOffset: Set this member if you want to switch to another log file or to flush a buffering-mode trace to a new log file. If this member is 0, the file name is not updated. If the offset is not zero and you do not change the log file name, the function returns an error.

  • LogFileMode: Set this member if you want to turn EVENT_TRACE_REAL_TIME_MODE on and off. To turn real time consuming off, set this member to 0. To turn real time consuming on (creating a session that records to disk as well as delivering events in real-time), set this member to EVENT_TRACE_REAL_TIME_MODE and it will be OR'd with the current modes.

  • MaximumBuffers: Set this member if you want to change the maximum number of buffers that ETW uses. If this member is 0, the member is not updated.

For private logger sessions, you can update only the LogFileNameOffset and FlushTimer members.

If you are using a newly initialized EVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES structure, zero-out the structure, then set Wnode.BufferSize, Wnode.Guid, and Wnode.Flags, and the values you want to update.

If you are reusing a EVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES structure (i.e. using a structure that you previously passed to StartTrace or ControlTrace), be sure to set the LogFileNameOffset member to 0 unless you are changing the log file name, and be sure to set EVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES.Wnode.Flags to WNODE_FLAG_TRACED_GUID.

Starting with Windows 10, version 1703: For better performance in cross process scenarios, you can now pass filtering information to ControlTrace for system wide private loggers. You will need to use the EVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES_V2 structure to include filtering information. See Configuring and Starting a Private Logger Session for more details.

[in] ControlCode

Requested control function. You can specify one of the following values:

  • EVENT_TRACE_CONTROL_FLUSH: Flushes the session's active buffers.

    This can be used with an in-memory session (a session started with the EVENT_TRACE_BUFFERING_MODE flag) to write the data from the trace to a file.

    You do not normally need to flush file-based or real-time sessions because ETW will automatically flush a buffer when it is full (i.e. when it does not have room for the next event), when the trace session's FlushTimer expires, or when the trace session is closed.

    Windows 2000: This value is not supported.

  • EVENT_TRACE_CONTROL_QUERY: Retrieves session properties and statistics.

  • EVENT_TRACE_CONTROL_STOP: Stops the session. The session handle is no longer valid.

  • EVENT_TRACE_CONTROL_UPDATE: Updates the session properties.

  • EVENT_TRACE_CONTROL_INCREMENT_FILE: If the session has the EVENT_TRACE_FILE_MODE_NEWFILE, updates the session to switch to the next file immediately, rather than waiting for the prior file to fill up. Supported starting with Windows 10 October 2018 Update.

  • EVENT_TRACE_CONTROL_CONVERT_TO_REALTIME: Changes a file mode session to a real-time session (enables real-time delivery and disables writing events to the ETL file). Supported starting with Windows 10 October 2020 Update.

[!NOTE] It is not safe to flush buffers or stop a trace session from DllMain (may cause deadlock).

Return value

If the function succeeds, the return value is ERROR_SUCCESS.

If the function fails, the return value is one of the system error codes. The following are some common errors and their causes.

  • ERROR_BAD_LENGTH

    One of the following is true:

    • The Wnode.BufferSize member of Properties specifies an incorrect size.
    • Properties does not have sufficient space allocated to hold a copy of the session name and log file name (if used).
  • ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER

    One of the following is true:

    • Properties is NULL.
    • InstanceName and TraceHandle are both NULL.
    • InstanceName is NULL and TraceHandle is not a valid handle.
    • The LogFileNameOffset member of Properties is not valid.
    • The LoggerNameOffset member of Properties is not valid.
    • The LogFileMode member of Properties specifies a combination of flags that is not valid.
    • The Wnode.Guid member of Properties is SystemTraceControlGuid, but the InstanceName parameter is not KERNEL_LOGGER_NAME.
  • ERROR_BAD_PATHNAME

    Another session is already using the file name specified by the LogFileNameOffset member of the Properties structure.

  • ERROR_MORE_DATA

    The buffer for EVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES is too small to hold all the information for the session. If you do not need the session's property information, you can ignore this error. If you receive this error when stopping the session, ETW will have already stopped the session before generating this error.

  • ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED

    Only users running with elevated administrative privileges, users in the Performance Log Users group, and services running as LocalSystem, LocalService, NetworkService can control event tracing sessions. To grant a restricted user the ability to control trace sessions, add them to the Performance Log Users group. Only users with administrative privileges and services running as LocalSystem can control an NT Kernel Logger session.

    Windows XP and Windows 2000: Anyone can control a trace session.

  • ERROR_WMI_INSTANCE_NOT_FOUND

    The given session is not running.

Remarks

Event trace controllers call this function.

This function supersedes the FlushTrace, QueryTrace, StopTrace, and UpdateTrace functions.

[!NOTE] The evntrace.h header defines ControlTrace as an alias which automatically selects the ANSI or Unicode version of this function based on the definition of the UNICODE preprocessor constant. Mixing usage of the encoding-neutral alias with code that not encoding-neutral can lead to mismatches that result in compilation or runtime errors. For more information, see Conventions for Function Prototypes.

Requirements

   
Minimum supported client Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps | UWP apps]
Minimum supported server Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps | UWP apps]
Target Platform Windows
Header evntrace.h
Library Sechost.lib on Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2; Advapi32.lib on Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista and Windows XP
DLL Sechost.dll on Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012; Advapi32.dll on Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista and Windows XP

See also

EVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES

QueryAllTraces

StartTrace