TraceEventInstance function

The TraceEventInstance function sends an event to an event tracing session. The event uses an instance identifier to associate the event with a transaction. This function may also be used to trace hierarchical relationships between related events.


ULONG WMIAPI TraceEventInstance(
  TRACEHANDLE            TraceHandle,



Handle to the event tracing session that records the event instance. The provider obtains the handle when it calls the GetTraceLoggerHandle function in its ControlCallback implementation.


Pointer to an EVENT_INSTANCE_HEADER structure. Event-specific data is optionally appended to the structure. The largest event you can log is 64K. You must specify values for the following members of the EVENT_INSTANCE_HEADER structure.

  • Size
  • Flags
  • RegHandle
Depending on the complexity of the information your provider provides, you should also consider specifying values for the following members.
  • Class.Type
  • Class.Level
To trace hierarchical relationships between related events, also set the ParentRegHandle member.


Pointer to an EVENT_INSTANCE_INFO structure, which contains the registration handle for this event trace class and the instance identifier. Use the CreateTraceInstanceId function to initialize the structure.


Pointer to an EVENT_INSTANCE_INFO structure, which contains the registration handle for the parent event trace class and its instance identifier. Use the CreateTraceInstanceId function to initialize the structure. Set to NULL if you are not tracing a hierarchical relationship.

Return value

If the function succeeds, the return value is ERROR_SUCCESS.

If the function fails, the return value is one of the system error codes. The following table includes some common errors and their causes.

Return code Description
The Flags member of the EVENT_INSTANCE_HEADER does not contain WNODE_FLAG_TRACED_GUID.
There was insufficient memory to complete the function call. The causes for this error code are described in the following Remarks section.
One of the following is true:
  • EventTrace is NULL.
  • pInstInfo is NULL.
  • The members of pInstInfo are NULL.
  • SessionHandle is NULL.
  • The Size member of the EVENT_INSTANCE_HEADER is incorrect.
SessionHandle is not valid or specifies the NT Kernel Logger session handle.
The session ran out of free buffers to write to. This can occur during high event rates because the disk subsystem is overloaded or the number of buffers is too small. Rather than blocking until more buffers become available, TraceEvent discards the event.

Windows 2000 and Windows XP:  Not supported.

The event is discarded because, although the buffer pool has not reached its maximum size, there is insufficient available memory to allocate an additional buffer and there is no buffer available to receive the event.
Data from a single event cannot span multiple buffers. A trace event is limited to the size of the event tracing session's buffer minus the size of the EVENT_INSTANCE_HEADER structure.


Providers call this function.

Before the provider can call this function, the provider

  • Must call the RegisterTraceGuids function to register itself and the event trace class.
  • Must call the CreateTraceInstanceId function to create an instance identifier for the registered event trace class.
  • Must be enabled. A controller calls the EnableTrace function to enable a provider.
The event is either written to a log file, sent to event trace consumers in real time, or both. The LogFileMode member of the EVENT_TRACE_PROPERTIES structure passed to the StartTrace defines where the event is sent.

The trace events are written in the order in which they occur.

To trace unrelated events, use the TraceEvent function.

Windows XP:  Does not work correctly.


For an example of generating related sets of events using CreateTraceInstanceId and TraceEventInstance, see Tracing Event Instances.


Minimum supported client Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]
Target Platform Windows
Header evntrace.h
Library Advapi32.lib
DLL Advapi32.dll

See also