The RtlIpv6AddressToStringEx function converts an IPv6 address, scope ID, and port number to a string.
NTSYSAPI NTSTATUS RtlIpv6AddressToStringExW( const in6_addr *Address, ULONG ScopeId, USHORT Port, PWSTR AddressString, PULONG AddressStringLength );
The IPv6 address in network byte order.
The scope ID of the IPv6 address in network byte order. This parameter is optional.
The port number in network byte order format. This parameter is optional.
A pointer to the buffer to receive the NULL-terminated string representation of the IP address, scope ID, and port. This buffer should be large enough to hold at least INET6_ADDRSTRLEN characters. The INET6_ADDRSTRLEN value is defined in the Ws2ipdef.h header file.
On input, the number of characters that fit in the buffer pointed to by the AddressString parameter, including the NULL terminator. On output, this parameter contains the number of characters actually written to the buffer pointed to by the AddressString parameter.
If the function succeeds, the return value is STATUS_SUCCESS.
If the function fails, the return value is one of the following error codes.
||An invalid parameter was passed to the function. This error is returned if a NULL pointer is passed in the AddressString or AddressStringLength parameter. This error is also returned if the length of the buffer pointed to by the AddressString parameter is not large enough to receive the string representation of the IPv6 address, scope ID, and port.|
||Use FormatMessage to obtain the message string for the returned error.|
The RtlIpv6AddressToStringEx function is used to convert an IPv6 address, scope ID, and port number to the string representation of the IPv6 address in Internet format followed by a string representation of the scope ID followed by a string representation of the port. The scope ID and port number are optional parameters.
The basic string representation of the IPv6 address returned consists of 8 hexadecimal numbers separated by colons. A string of consecutive zero hexadecimal numbers is replaced with a double colon. There can only be one double colon in the string representation of the IPv6 address. The last 32 bits are represented in IPv4-style dotted-octet notation if the address is an IPv4-compatible address, an IPv4-mapped IPv6 address, or an ISATAP address. For more information, see section 5 of RFC 5942 published by the IETF.
If a scope ID is provided, the string representation of the scope ID is separated from the string representation of the IPv6 address by a percent character ('%'). If a port number is provided, the string representation of the IPv6 address and the scope ID are surrounded by square braces (a leading '[' character followed by the IPv6 address followed by a '% character followed by the scope ID with a trailing ']' character). The port number is represented as a colon following the right square brace character followed by the string representation of the port number in decimal.
RtlIpv6AddressToStringEx is a convenience function that does not require that the Windows Sockets DLL be loaded to access a function provided in Windows Sockets to perform IP address to string conversion.
If the length of the buffer pointed to by the AddressString parameter is not large enough to receive the string representation of the IP address, scope ID, and port, RtlIpv6AddressToStringEx returns ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER and sets the AddressStringLength parameter to the buffer length required.
When either UNICODE or _UNICODE is defined, RtlIpv6AddressToStringEx is defined to RtlIpv6AddressToStringExW, the Unicode version of this function. The AddressString parameter is defined to the PWSTR data type.
When both UNICODE and _UNICODE are not defined, RtlIpv6AddressToStringEx is defined to RtlIpv6AddressToStringExA, the ANSI version of this function. The AddressString parameter is defined to the PSTR data type.
The IN6_ADDR structure is defined in the In6addr.h header file.
An import library containing the RtlIpv6AddressToStringEx function is not included in the Microsoft Windows Software Development Kit (SDK) released for Windows Vista. The RtlIpv6AddressToStringEx function is included in the Ntdll.lib import library included in the Windows Driver Kit (WDK). An application could also use the GetModuleHandle and GetProcAddress functions to retrieve the function pointer from the Ntdll.dll and call this function.
|Minimum supported client||Windows Vista [desktop apps | UWP apps]|
|Minimum supported server||Windows Server 2008 [desktop apps | UWP apps]|
|Header||ip2string.h (include Mstcpip.h)|