timeBeginPeriod function (timeapi.h)

The timeBeginPeriod function requests a minimum resolution for periodic timers.


MMRESULT timeBeginPeriod(
  UINT uPeriod



Minimum timer resolution, in milliseconds, for the application or device driver. A lower value specifies a higher (more accurate) resolution.

Return value

Returns TIMERR_NOERROR if successful or TIMERR_NOCANDO if the resolution specified in uPeriod is out of range.


Call this function immediately before using timer services, and call the timeEndPeriod function immediately after you are finished using the timer services.

You must match each call to timeBeginPeriod with a call to timeEndPeriod, specifying the same minimum resolution in both calls. An application can make multiple timeBeginPeriod calls as long as each call is matched with a call to timeEndPeriod.

This function affects a global Windows setting. Windows uses the lowest value (that is, highest resolution) requested by any process. Setting a higher resolution can improve the accuracy of time-out intervals in wait functions. However, it can also reduce overall system performance, because the thread scheduler switches tasks more often. High resolutions can also prevent the CPU power management system from entering power-saving modes. Setting a higher resolution does not improve the accuracy of the high-resolution performance counter.


Minimum supported client Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]
Target Platform Windows
Header timeapi.h (include Windows.h)
Library Winmm.lib
DLL Winmm.dll

See also

Multimedia Timer Functions

Multimedia Timers