WS_HTTP_MESSAGE_MAPPING structure (webservices.h)

Specifies information about how an HTTP request or response should be represented in a message object.

Syntax

typedef struct _WS_HTTP_MESSAGE_MAPPING {
  ULONG                  requestMappingOptions;
  ULONG                  responseMappingOptions;
  WS_HTTP_HEADER_MAPPING **requestHeaderMappings;
  ULONG                  requestHeaderMappingCount;
  WS_HTTP_HEADER_MAPPING **responseHeaderMappings;
  ULONG                  responseHeaderMappingCount;
} WS_HTTP_MESSAGE_MAPPING;

Members

requestMappingOptions

Options that control how information in the HTTP request is mapped to the message object.

responseMappingOptions

Options that control how information in the HTTP response is mapped to the message object.

requestHeaderMappings

An array of pointers to mappings which describe which HTTP headers are mapped to/from headers in the message object for an HTTP request. The pointers in the array may not be NULL.

requestHeaderMappingCount

The number of items in the requestHeaderMappings array.

responseHeaderMappings

An array of pointers to mappings which describe which HTTP headers are mapped to/from headers in the message object for an HTTP response. The pointers in the array may not be NULL.

responseHeaderMappingCount

The number of items in the responseHeaderMappings array.

Remarks

A message may contain additional transport-specific information that is not part of the message envelope. This transport-specific information can be exposed programmatically as headers of the message object.
These headers are referred to as mapped headers.

Each mapped header is stored as regular header element in the headers of the message (see WS_MESSAGE_PROPERTY_HEADER_BUFFER). The empty XML namespace ("") is used for mapped headers.

This structure specifies how the mapping occurs between an HTTP request or response and the mapped headers of the message object. The structure can be specified using the WS_CHANNEL_PROPERTY_HTTP_MESSAGE_MAPPING property.

The following diagram shows how HTTP headers are mapped into the headers of a message.

Diagram showing a Message object with the MyHeader element highlighted and an arrow pointing to the MyHeader line in an HTTP Request.

When a message is received, the HTTP channel will automatically copy the specified HTTP headers from the request or response to the headers of the message object. The application can then use WsGetMappedHeader to get the values of the mapped headers.

Before a message is sent, an application can add mapped headers to the message object using WsAddMappedHeader. When the message is sent, the HTTP channel will automatically remove the specified headers from the headers of message object (so they do not appear inside the envelope), and add them as HTTP request or response headers.

The HTTP channel will only perform this mapping for HTTP headers that have been specified in the requestHeaderMappings or responseHeaderMappings fields. The WS_HTTP_HEADER_MAPPING is used to specify each header, and includes instructions about how the message header is transformed to/from an HTTP header.

Other information in an HTTP request or response that does not correspond to HTTP headers can be mapped into header of the message object by setting the requestMappingOptions or responseMappingOptions. These mapped values can then be extracted using WsGetMappedHeader.
See WS_HTTP_REQUEST_MAPPING_OPTIONS or WS_HTTP_RESPONSE_MAPPING_OPTIONS for information about what information can be mapped into message headers.

Requirements

   
Minimum supported client Windows 7 [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2008 R2 [desktop apps only]
Header webservices.h