GetCharABCWidthsI function (wingdi.h)

The GetCharABCWidthsI function retrieves the widths, in logical units, of consecutive glyph indices in a specified range from the current TrueType font. This function succeeds only with TrueType fonts.


BOOL GetCharABCWidthsI(
  [in]  HDC    hdc,
  [in]  UINT   giFirst,
  [in]  UINT   cgi,
  [in]  LPWORD pgi,
  [out] LPABC  pabc


[in] hdc

A handle to the device context.

[in] giFirst

The first glyph index in the group of consecutive glyph indices from the current font. This parameter is only used if the pgi parameter is NULL.

[in] cgi

The number of glyph indices.

[in] pgi

A pointer to an array that contains glyph indices. If this parameter is NULL, the giFirst parameter is used instead. The cgi parameter specifies the number of glyph indices in this array.

[out] pabc

A pointer to an array of ABC structures that receives the character widths, in logical units. This array must contain at least as many ABC structures as there are glyph indices specified by the cgi parameter.

Return value

If the function succeeds, the return value is nonzero.

If the function fails, the return value is zero.


The TrueType rasterizer provides ABC character spacing after a specific point size has been selected. A spacing is the distance added to the current position before placing the glyph. B spacing is the width of the black part of the glyph. C spacing is the distance added to the current position to provide white space to the right of the glyph. The total advanced width is specified by A+B+C.

When the GetCharABCWidthsI function retrieves negative A or C widths for a character, that character includes underhangs or overhangs.

To convert the ABC widths to font design units, an application should use the value stored in the otmEMSquare member of a OUTLINETEXTMETRIC structure. This value can be retrieved by calling the GetOutlineTextMetrics function.

The ABC widths of the default character are used for characters outside the range of the currently selected font.

To retrieve the widths of glyph indices in non-TrueType fonts, applications should use the GetCharWidthI function.


Minimum supported client Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]
Target Platform Windows
Header wingdi.h (include Windows.h)
Library Gdi32.lib
DLL Gdi32.dll

See also


Font and Text Functions

Fonts and Text Overview