WinHttpQueryHeaders function

The WinHttpQueryHeaders function retrieves header information associated with an HTTP request.

Syntax

BOOLAPI WinHttpQueryHeaders(
  IN HINTERNET   hRequest,
  IN DWORD       dwInfoLevel,
  IN LPCWSTR     pwszName,
  LPVOID         lpBuffer,
  IN OUT LPDWORD lpdwBufferLength,
  IN OUT LPDWORD lpdwIndex
);

Parameters

hRequest

HINTERNET request handle returned by WinHttpOpenRequest. WinHttpReceiveResponse must have been called for this handle and have completed before WinHttpQueryHeaders is called.

dwInfoLevel

Value of type DWORD that specifies a combination of attribute and modifier flags listed on the Query Info Flags page. These attribute and modifier flags indicate that the information is being requested and how it is to be formatted.

pwszName

Pointer to a string that contains the header name. If the flag in dwInfoLevel is not WINHTTP_QUERY_CUSTOM, set this parameter to WINHTTP_HEADER_NAME_BY_INDEX.

lpBuffer

Pointer to the buffer that receives the information. Setting this parameter to WINHTTP_NO_OUTPUT_BUFFER causes this function to return FALSE. Calling GetLastError then returns ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER and lpdwBufferLength contains the number of bytes required to hold the requested information.

lpdwBufferLength

Pointer to a value of type DWORD that specifies the length of the data buffer, in bytes. When the function returns, this parameter contains the pointer to a value that specifies the length of the information written to the buffer. When the function returns strings, the following rules apply.

  • If the function succeeds, lpdwBufferLength specifies the length of the string, in bytes, minus 2 for the terminating null.
  • If the function fails and ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER is returned, lpdwBufferLength specifies the number of bytes that the application must allocate to receive the string.

lpdwIndex

Pointer to a zero-based header index used to enumerate multiple headers with the same name. When calling the function, this parameter is the index of the specified header to return. When the function returns, this parameter is the index of the next header. If the next index cannot be found, ERROR_WINHTTP_HEADER_NOT_FOUND is returned. Set this parameter to WINHTTP_NO_HEADER_INDEX to specify that only the first occurrence of a header should be returned.

Return value

Returns TRUE if successful, or FALSE otherwise. To get extended error information, call GetLastError. Among the error codes returned are the following.

Error Code Description
ERROR_WINHTTP_HEADER_NOT_FOUND
The requested header could not be located.
ERROR_WINHTTP_INCORRECT_HANDLE_STATE
The requested operation cannot be carried out because the handle supplied is not in the correct state.
ERROR_WINHTTP_INCORRECT_HANDLE_TYPE
The type of handle supplied is incorrect for this operation.
ERROR_WINHTTP_INTERNAL_ERROR
An internal error has occurred.
ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY
Not enough memory was available to complete the requested operation. (Windows error code)

Remarks

Even when WinHTTP is used in asynchronous mode (that is, when WINHTTP_FLAG_ASYNC has been set in WinHttpOpen), this function operates synchronously. The return value indicates success or failure. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

By default WinHttpQueryHeaders returns a string. However, you can request data in the form of a SYSTEMTIME structure or DWORD by including the appropriate modifier flag in dwInfoLevel. The following table shows the possible data types that WinHttpQueryHeaders can return along with the modifier flag that you use to select that data type.

Data type Modifier flag
LPCWSTR Default. No modifier flag required.
SYSTEMTIME WINHTTP_QUERY_FLAG_SYSTEMTIME
DWORD WINHTTP_QUERY_FLAG_NUMBER
 
Note  For Windows XP and Windows 2000, see the Run-Time Requirements section of the WinHttp start page.
 

Examples

The following example shows how to obtain an HINTERNET handle, open an HTTP session, create and send a request header, and examine the returned response header.

    DWORD dwSize = 0;
    LPVOID lpOutBuffer = NULL;
    BOOL  bResults = FALSE;
    HINTERNET hSession = NULL,
              hConnect = NULL,
              hRequest = NULL;

    // Use WinHttpOpen to obtain a session handle.
    hSession = WinHttpOpen(  L"A WinHTTP Example Program/1.0",
                             WINHTTP_ACCESS_TYPE_DEFAULT_PROXY,
                             WINHTTP_NO_PROXY_NAME,
                             WINHTTP_NO_PROXY_BYPASS, 0);

    // Specify an HTTP server.
    if (hSession)
        hConnect = WinHttpConnect( hSession, L"www.microsoft.com",
                                   INTERNET_DEFAULT_HTTP_PORT, 0);

    // Create an HTTP request handle.
    if (hConnect)
        hRequest = WinHttpOpenRequest( hConnect, L"GET", NULL,
                                       NULL, WINHTTP_NO_REFERER,
                                       WINHTTP_DEFAULT_ACCEPT_TYPES,
                                       0);

    // Send a request.
    if (hRequest)
        bResults = WinHttpSendRequest( hRequest,
                                       WINHTTP_NO_ADDITIONAL_HEADERS,
                                       0, WINHTTP_NO_REQUEST_DATA, 0,
                                       0, 0);

    // End the request.
    if (bResults)
        bResults = WinHttpReceiveResponse( hRequest, NULL);

    // First, use WinHttpQueryHeaders to obtain the size of the buffer.
    if (bResults)
    {
        WinHttpQueryHeaders( hRequest, WINHTTP_QUERY_RAW_HEADERS_CRLF,
                             WINHTTP_HEADER_NAME_BY_INDEX, NULL,
                             &dwSize, WINHTTP_NO_HEADER_INDEX);

        // Allocate memory for the buffer.
        if( GetLastError( ) == ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER )
        {
            lpOutBuffer = new WCHAR[dwSize/sizeof(WCHAR)];

            // Now, use WinHttpQueryHeaders to retrieve the header.
            bResults = WinHttpQueryHeaders( hRequest,
                                       WINHTTP_QUERY_RAW_HEADERS_CRLF,
                                       WINHTTP_HEADER_NAME_BY_INDEX,
                                       lpOutBuffer, &dwSize,
                                       WINHTTP_NO_HEADER_INDEX);
        }
    }

    // Print the header contents.
    if (bResults)
        printf("Header contents: \n%S",lpOutBuffer);

    // Free the allocated memory.
    delete [] lpOutBuffer;

    // Report any errors.
    if (!bResults)
        printf("Error %d has occurred.\n",GetLastError());

    // Close any open handles.
    if (hRequest) WinHttpCloseHandle(hRequest);
    if (hConnect) WinHttpCloseHandle(hConnect);
    if (hSession) WinHttpCloseHandle(hSession);

Requirements

   
Minimum supported client Windows XP, Windows 2000 Professional with SP3 [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2003, Windows 2000 Server with SP3 [desktop apps only]
Target Platform Windows
Header winhttp.h
Library Winhttp.lib
DLL Winhttp.dll
Redistributable WinHTTP 5.0 and Internet Explorer 5.01 or later on Windows XP and Windows 2000.

See also

About Microsoft Windows HTTP Services (WinHTTP)

Microsoft Windows HTTP Services (WinHTTP)

WinHTTP Versions

WinHttpCloseHandle

WinHttpConnect

WinHttpOpen

WinHttpOpenRequest