WinHttpQueryHeadersEx function (winhttp.h)

Retrieves header information associated with an HTTP request; offers a way to retrieve parsed header name and value strings.

Syntax

WINHTTPAPI DWORD WinHttpQueryHeadersEx(
  HINTERNET                hRequest,
  DWORD                    dwInfoLevel,
  ULONGLONG                ullFlags,
  UINT                     uiCodePage,
  PDWORD                   pdwIndex,
  PWINHTTP_HEADER_NAME     pHeaderName,
  PVOID                    pBuffer,
  PDWORD                   pdwBufferLength,
  PWINHTTP_EXTENDED_HEADER *ppHeaders,
  PDWORD                   pdwHeadersCount
);

Parameters

hRequest

Type: _In_ HINTERNET

Request handle returned by WinHttpOpenRequest. The WinHttpReceiveResponse call for this handle must have completed before calling WinHttpQueryHeadersEx. If you're querying trailers, then the WinHttpReadData call for this handle must return 0 bytes read before calling WinHttpQueryHeadersEx.

dwInfoLevel

Type: _In_ DWORD

Value of type DWORD that specifies a combination of attribute and modifier flags listed in the Query info flags topic. These attribute and modifier flags indicate the information that is being requested, and how it is to be formatted.

Note

The following flags return ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER if used: WINHTTP_QUERY_VERSION, WINHTTP_QUERY_STATUS_CODE, WINHTTP_QUERY_STATUS_TEXT, WINHTTP_QUERY_FLAG_NUMBER, WINHTTP_QUERY_FLAG_NUMBER64, WINHTTP_QUERY_FLAG_SYSTEMTIME, and WINHTTP_QUERY_RAW_HEADERS_CRLF.

The flag WINHTTP_QUERY_EX_ALL_HEADERS returns all the headers.

If you're not querying for all of the headers, then you can pass the flag corresponding to a specific known header, or you can pass WINHTTP_QUERY_CUSTOM along with a string for the header name in the pHeaderName parameter.

Passing WINHTTP_QUERY_FLAG_WIRE_ENCODING returns the headers in the format in which they're sent over the wire (you should access/set the psz* members of WINHTTP_EXTENDED_HEADER and WINHTTP_HEADER_NAME). If you don't set the wire encoding flag, then the default behavior is to return headers in Unicode format (you should access/set the pwsz* members of WINHTTP_EXTENDED_HEADER and WINHTTP_HEADER_NAME).

ullFlags

Type: _In_ ULONGLONG

Reserved. Set to 0.

uiCodePage

Type: _In_ UINT

The code page to use for Unicode conversion. You should pass in 0 for default behavior (CP_ACP), or when using WINHTTP_QUERY_FLAG_WIRE_ENCODING. No validation is done for this parameter.

pdwIndex

Type: _Inout_opt_ PDWORD

The address of a zero-based index used to enumerate multiple headers with the same name. When calling the function, this parameter is the index of the specified header to return. When the function returns, this parameter is the index of the next header. Pass NULL to access the first instance of a given header.

pHeaderName

Type: _Inout_opt_ PWINHTTP_HEADER_NAME

The address of a WINHTTP_HEADER_NAME structure.

Set pHeaderName to NULL when retrieving all headers. If this parameter is not NULL, and you pass WINHTTP_QUERY_CUSTOM with dwInfoLevel, then WinHttpQueryHeadersEx will retrieve only the header specified by this parameter. If you pass WINHTTP_QUERY_FLAG_WIRE_ENCODING with dwInfoLevel, then you should use the pszName member (if the flag is not set, then use pwszName member).

pBuffer

Type: _Out_writes_bytes_to_opt_(*pdwBufferLength, *pdwBufferLength) LPVOID

A caller-provided buffer to store the parsed header pointers and the headers. If this parameter is NULL or too small, then WinHttpQueryHeadersEx returns ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER, and the pdwBufferLength parameter contains the required buffer size in bytes.

pdwBufferLength

Type: _Inout_ PDWORD

Length of the caller-provided buffer. If pBuffer is NULL or too small, then WinHttpQueryHeadersEx writes the required buffer size in bytes to this parameter.

ppHeaders

Type: _Out_writes_opt_(*pdwHeadersCount) PWINHTTP_EXTENDED_HEADER*

A handle to an array of WINHTTP_EXTENDED_HEADER for accessing parsed header names/values. You should pass in the address of a WINHTTP_EXTENDED_HEADER pointer that's initialized to NULL. Upon completion, you should access the pszName/pszValue parameters if using WINHTTP_QUERY_FLAG_WIRE_ENCODING, and pwszName/pwszValue otherwise.

pdwHeadersCount

Type: _Out_ PDWORD

The number of headers returned. You shouldn't try to access beyond ppHeaders[cHeaders - 1], because that is out of bounds of the array.

Return value

A status code indicating the result of the operation. Among the error codes returned are the following.

Error Code Description
ERROR_WINHTTP_HEADER_NOT_FOUND
The requested header could not be located.
ERROR_WINHTTP_INCORRECT_HANDLE_STATE
The requested operation cannot be carried out because the handle supplied is not in the correct state.
ERROR_WINHTTP_INCORRECT_HANDLE_TYPE
The type of handle supplied is incorrect for this operation.
ERROR_WINHTTP_INTERNAL_ERROR
An internal error has occurred.
ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY
Not enough memory was available to complete the requested operation. (Windows error code)

Remarks

WinHttpQueryHeadersEx builds on the functionality of WinHttpQueryHeaders. WinHttpQueryHeaders allows you to query request or response headers (or response trailers) in the form of a string, a number (DWORD), or a timestamp (SYSTEMTIME). Querying for all headers returns a single serialized string with CRLF or NULL characters delimiting different headers. For example, "Name1: value1\r\nName2: value2\r\n\r\n". Or "Name1: value1\0Name2: value2\0\0". A double delimiter is used to indicate the end of the string.

WinHttpQueryHeadersEx gives you a way to retrieve parsed header name and value strings.

Requirements

   
Minimum supported client Windows 10 Build 20348
Minimum supported server Windows 10 Build 20348
Target Platform Windows
Header winhttp.h
Library Winhttp.lib
DLL Winhttp.dll