FtpOpenFileA function

Initiates access to a remote file on an FTP server for reading or writing.

Syntax

void FtpOpenFileA(
  HINTERNET hConnect,
  LPCSTR    lpszFileName,
  DWORD     dwAccess,
  DWORD     dwFlags,
  DWORD_PTR dwContext
);

Parameters

hConnect

Handle to an FTP session.

lpszFileName

Pointer to a null-terminated string that contains the name of the file to be accessed.

dwAccess

File access. This parameter can be GENERIC_READ or GENERIC_WRITE, but not both.

dwFlags

Conditions under which the transfers occur. The application should select one transfer type and any of the flags that indicate how the caching of the file will be controlled.

The transfer type can be one of the following values.

Value Meaning
FTP_TRANSFER_TYPE_ASCII
Transfers the file using FTP's ASCII (Type A) transfer method. Control and formatting information is converted to local equivalents.
FTP_TRANSFER_TYPE_BINARY
Transfers the file using FTP's Image (Type I) transfer method. The file is transferred exactly as it exists with no changes. This is the default transfer method.
FTP_TRANSFER_TYPE_UNKNOWN
Defaults to FTP_TRANSFER_TYPE_BINARY.
INTERNET_FLAG_TRANSFER_ASCII
Transfers the file as ASCII.
INTERNET_FLAG_TRANSFER_BINARY
Transfers the file as binary.
 

The following values are used to control the caching of the file. The application can use one or more of these values.

Value Meaning
INTERNET_FLAG_HYPERLINK
Forces a reload if there was no Expires time and no LastModified time returned from the server when determining whether to reload the item from the network.
INTERNET_FLAG_NEED_FILE
Causes a temporary file to be created if the file cannot be cached.
INTERNET_FLAG_RELOAD
Forces a download of the requested file, object, or directory listing from the origin server, not from the cache.
INTERNET_FLAG_RESYNCHRONIZE
Reloads HTTP resources if the resource has been modified since the last time it was downloaded. All FTP resources are reloaded.

Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 R2 and earlier:  Gopher resources are also reloaded.

dwContext

Pointer to a variable that contains the application-defined value that associates this search with any application data. This is only used if the application has already called InternetSetStatusCallback to set up a status callback function.

Return Value

Returns a handle if successful, or NULL otherwise. To retrieve a specific error message, call GetLastError.

Remarks

After calling FtpOpenFile and until calling InternetCloseHandle, all other calls to FTP functions on the same FTP session handle will fail and set the error message to ERROR_FTP_TRANSFER_IN_PROGRESS. After the calling application has finished using the HINTERNET handle returned by FtpOpenFile, it must be closed using the InternetCloseHandle function.

Only one file can be open in a single FTP session. Therefore, no file handle is returned and the application simply uses the FTP session handle when necessary.

The lpszFileName parameter can be either a partially or fully qualified file name relative to the current directory.

Like all other aspects of the WinINet API, this function cannot be safely called from within DllMain or the constructors and destructors of global objects.

Note  WinINet does not support server implementations. In addition, it should not be used from a service. For server implementations or services use Microsoft Windows HTTP Services (WinHTTP).
 

Requirements

   
Minimum supported client Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]
Target Platform Windows
Header wininet.h
Library Wininet.lib
DLL Wininet.dll

See Also

FTP Sessions

WinINet Functions