Virtual-Key Codes

The following table shows the symbolic constant names, hexadecimal values, and mouse or keyboard equivalents for the virtual-key codes used by the system. The codes are listed in numeric order.

Constant Value Description
VK_LBUTTON 0x01 Left mouse button
VK_RBUTTON 0x02 Right mouse button
VK_CANCEL 0x03 Control-break processing
VK_MBUTTON 0x04 Middle mouse button (three-button mouse)
VK_XBUTTON1 0x05 X1 mouse button
VK_XBUTTON2 0x06 X2 mouse button
- 0x07 Undefined
VK_BACK 0x08 BACKSPACE key
VK_TAB 0x09 TAB key
- 0x0A-0B Reserved
VK_CLEAR 0x0C CLEAR key
VK_RETURN 0x0D ENTER key
- 0x0E-0F Undefined
VK_SHIFT 0x10 SHIFT key
VK_CONTROL 0x11 CTRL key
VK_MENU 0x12 ALT key
VK_PAUSE 0x13 PAUSE key
VK_CAPITAL 0x14 CAPS LOCK key
VK_KANA 0x15 IME Kana mode
VK_HANGUEL 0x15 IME Hanguel mode (maintained for compatibility; use VK_HANGUL)
VK_HANGUL 0x15 IME Hangul mode
VK_IME_ON 0x16 IME On
VK_JUNJA 0x17 IME Junja mode
VK_FINAL 0x18 IME final mode
VK_HANJA 0x19 IME Hanja mode
VK_KANJI 0x19 IME Kanji mode
VK_IME_OFF 0x1A IME Off
VK_ESCAPE 0x1B ESC key
VK_CONVERT 0x1C IME convert
VK_NONCONVERT 0x1D IME nonconvert
VK_ACCEPT 0x1E IME accept
VK_MODECHANGE 0x1F IME mode change request
VK_SPACE 0x20 SPACEBAR
VK_PRIOR 0x21 PAGE UP key
VK_NEXT 0x22 PAGE DOWN key
VK_END 0x23 END key
VK_HOME 0x24 HOME key
VK_LEFT 0x25 LEFT ARROW key
VK_UP 0x26 UP ARROW key
VK_RIGHT 0x27 RIGHT ARROW key
VK_DOWN 0x28 DOWN ARROW key
VK_SELECT 0x29 SELECT key
VK_PRINT 0x2A PRINT key
VK_EXECUTE 0x2B EXECUTE key
VK_SNAPSHOT 0x2C PRINT SCREEN key
VK_INSERT 0x2D INS key
VK_DELETE 0x2E DEL key
VK_HELP 0x2F HELP key
0x30 0 key
0x31 1 key
0x32 2 key
0x33 3 key
0x34 4 key
0x35 5 key
0x36 6 key
0x37 7 key
0x38 8 key
0x39 9 key
- 0x3A-40 Undefined
0x41 A key
0x42 B key
0x43 C key
0x44 D key
0x45 E key
0x46 F key
0x47 G key
0x48 H key
0x49 I key
0x4A J key
0x4B K key
0x4C L key
0x4D M key
0x4E N key
0x4F O key
0x50 P key
0x51 Q key
0x52 R key
0x53 S key
0x54 T key
0x55 U key
0x56 V key
0x57 W key
0x58 X key
0x59 Y key
0x5A Z key
VK_LWIN 0x5B Left Windows key (Natural keyboard)
VK_RWIN 0x5C Right Windows key (Natural keyboard)
VK_APPS 0x5D Applications key (Natural keyboard)
- 0x5E Reserved
VK_SLEEP 0x5F Computer Sleep key
VK_NUMPAD0 0x60 Numeric keypad 0 key
VK_NUMPAD1 0x61 Numeric keypad 1 key
VK_NUMPAD2 0x62 Numeric keypad 2 key
VK_NUMPAD3 0x63 Numeric keypad 3 key
VK_NUMPAD4 0x64 Numeric keypad 4 key
VK_NUMPAD5 0x65 Numeric keypad 5 key
VK_NUMPAD6 0x66 Numeric keypad 6 key
VK_NUMPAD7 0x67 Numeric keypad 7 key
VK_NUMPAD8 0x68 Numeric keypad 8 key
VK_NUMPAD9 0x69 Numeric keypad 9 key
VK_MULTIPLY 0x6A Multiply key
VK_ADD 0x6B Add key
VK_SEPARATOR 0x6C Separator key
VK_SUBTRACT 0x6D Subtract key
VK_DECIMAL 0x6E Decimal key
VK_DIVIDE 0x6F Divide key
VK_F1 0x70 F1 key
VK_F2 0x71 F2 key
VK_F3 0x72 F3 key
VK_F4 0x73 F4 key
VK_F5 0x74 F5 key
VK_F6 0x75 F6 key
VK_F7 0x76 F7 key
VK_F8 0x77 F8 key
VK_F9 0x78 F9 key
VK_F10 0x79 F10 key
VK_F11 0x7A F11 key
VK_F12 0x7B F12 key
VK_F13 0x7C F13 key
VK_F14 0x7D F14 key
VK_F15 0x7E F15 key
VK_F16 0x7F F16 key
VK_F17 0x80 F17 key
VK_F18 0x81 F18 key
VK_F19 0x82 F19 key
VK_F20 0x83 F20 key
VK_F21 0x84 F21 key
VK_F22 0x85 F22 key
VK_F23 0x86 F23 key
VK_F24 0x87 F24 key
- 0x88-8F Unassigned
VK_NUMLOCK 0x90 NUM LOCK key
VK_SCROLL 0x91 SCROLL LOCK key
0x92-96 OEM specific
- 0x97-9F Unassigned
VK_LSHIFT 0xA0 Left SHIFT key
VK_RSHIFT 0xA1 Right SHIFT key
VK_LCONTROL 0xA2 Left CONTROL key
VK_RCONTROL 0xA3 Right CONTROL key
VK_LMENU 0xA4 Left MENU key
VK_RMENU 0xA5 Right MENU key
VK_BROWSER_BACK 0xA6 Browser Back key
VK_BROWSER_FORWARD 0xA7 Browser Forward key
VK_BROWSER_REFRESH 0xA8 Browser Refresh key
VK_BROWSER_STOP 0xA9 Browser Stop key
VK_BROWSER_SEARCH 0xAA Browser Search key
VK_BROWSER_FAVORITES 0xAB Browser Favorites key
VK_BROWSER_HOME 0xAC Browser Start and Home key
VK_VOLUME_MUTE 0xAD Volume Mute key
VK_VOLUME_DOWN 0xAE Volume Down key
VK_VOLUME_UP 0xAF Volume Up key
VK_MEDIA_NEXT_TRACK 0xB0 Next Track key
VK_MEDIA_PREV_TRACK 0xB1 Previous Track key
VK_MEDIA_STOP 0xB2 Stop Media key
VK_MEDIA_PLAY_PAUSE 0xB3 Play/Pause Media key
VK_LAUNCH_MAIL 0xB4 Start Mail key
VK_LAUNCH_MEDIA_SELECT 0xB5 Select Media key
VK_LAUNCH_APP1 0xB6 Start Application 1 key
VK_LAUNCH_APP2 0xB7 Start Application 2 key
- 0xB8-B9 Reserved
VK_OEM_1 0xBA Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard. For the US standard keyboard, the ';:' key
VK_OEM_PLUS 0xBB For any country/region, the '+' key
VK_OEM_COMMA 0xBC For any country/region, the ',' key
VK_OEM_MINUS 0xBD For any country/region, the '-' key
VK_OEM_PERIOD 0xBE For any country/region, the '.' key
VK_OEM_2 0xBF Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard. For the US standard keyboard, the '/?' key
VK_OEM_3 0xC0 Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard. For the US standard keyboard, the '`~' key
- 0xC1-D7 Reserved
- 0xD8-DA Unassigned
VK_OEM_4 0xDB Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard. For the US standard keyboard, the '[{' key
VK_OEM_5 0xDC Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard. For the US standard keyboard, the '\|' key
VK_OEM_6 0xDD Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard. For the US standard keyboard, the ']}' key
VK_OEM_7 0xDE Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard. For the US standard keyboard, the 'single-quote/double-quote' key
VK_OEM_8 0xDF Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.
- 0xE0 Reserved
0xE1 OEM specific
VK_OEM_102 0xE2 Either the angle bracket key or the backslash key on the RT 102-key keyboard
0xE3-E4 OEM specific
VK_PROCESSKEY 0xE5 IME PROCESS key
0xE6 OEM specific
VK_PACKET 0xE7 Used to pass Unicode characters as if they were keystrokes. The VK_PACKET key is the low word of a 32-bit Virtual Key value used for non-keyboard input methods. For more information, see Remark in KEYBDINPUT, SendInput, WM_KEYDOWN, and WM_KEYUP
- 0xE8 Unassigned
0xE9-F5 OEM specific
VK_ATTN 0xF6 Attn key
VK_CRSEL 0xF7 CrSel key
VK_EXSEL 0xF8 ExSel key
VK_EREOF 0xF9 Erase EOF key
VK_PLAY 0xFA Play key
VK_ZOOM 0xFB Zoom key
VK_NONAME 0xFC Reserved
VK_PA1 0xFD PA1 key
VK_OEM_CLEAR 0xFE Clear key

Requirements

Requirement Value
Minimum supported client Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]
Header Winuser.h