encode attribute

The [encode] ACF attribute specifies that a procedure or a data type needs serialization support.

    [ , interface-attribute-list] 
interface interface-name

[ encode [ , op-attribute-list] ] proc-name

typedef [encode [ , type-attribute-list] ] type-name



Specifies other attributes that apply to the interface as a whole.


Specifies the name of the interface.


Specifies IDL statements which form the definition of the interface.


Specifies other operational attributes that apply to the procedure such as [decode].


Specifies the name of the procedure.


Specifies other attributes that apply to the type such as [decode] and [allocate].


Specifies a type defined in the IDL file.


The [encode] attribute causes the MIDL compiler to generate code that an application can use to serialize data into a buffer. The [decode] attribute generates the code for unmarshaling data from a buffer.

Use the [encode] and [decode] attributes in an ACF to generate serialization code for procedures or types defined in the IDL file of an interface. When used as an interface attribute, [encode] applies to all the types and procedures defined in the IDL file. When used as an operational attribute, [encode] applies only to the specified procedure. When used as a type attribute, [encode] applies only to the specified type.

When the [encode] or [decode] attribute is applied to a procedure, the MIDL compiler generates a serialization stub in a similar fashion as remote stubs are generated for remote routines. A procedure can be either a remote or a serializing procedure, but it cannot be both. The prototype of the generated routine is sent to the STUB.H file while the stub itself goes into the STUB_C.C file.

The MIDL compiler generates two functions for each type the [encode] attribute applies to, and one additional function for each type the [decode] attribute applies to. For example, for a user-defined type named MyType, the compiler generates code for the MyType_Encode, MyType_Decode, and MyType_AlignSize functions. For these functions, the compiler writes prototypes to STUB.H and source code to STUB_C.C.

For additional information about serialization handles and encoding or decoding data, see Serialization Services.


    ACF file example; 
    Assumes MyType1, MyType2, MyType3, MyProc1, MyProc2, MyProc3 defined 
    in IDL file  
    MyType1, MyType2, MyProc1, MyProc2 have encode and decode 
    serialization support 
    MyType3 and MyProc3 have encode serialization support only 
    implicit_handle(handle_t bh) 
interface regress 
    typedef [ decode ] MyType1; 
    typedef [ encode, decode ] MyType2; 
    [ decode ] MyProcc1(); 
    [ encode ] MyProc2(); 

See also

Application Configuration File (ACF)