glTexImage1D function

The glTexImage1D function specifies a one-dimensional texture image.

Syntax

void WINAPI glTexImage1D(
         GLenum  target,
         GLint   level,
         GLint   internalformat,
         GLsizei width,
         GLint   border,
         GLint   format,
         GLenum  type,
   const GLvoid  *pixels
);

Parameters

target

The target texture. Must be GL_TEXTURE_1D.

level

The level-of-detail number. Level 0 is the base image level. Level n is the nTh mipmap reduction image.

internalformat

Specifies the number of color components in the texture. Must be 1, 2, 3, or 4, or one of the following symbolic constants: GL_ALPHA, GL_ALPHA4, GL_ALPHA8, GL_ALPHA12, GL_ALPHA16, GL_LUMINANCE, GL_LUMINANCE4, GL_LUMINANCE8, GL_LUMINANCE12, GL_LUMINANCE16, GL_LUMINANCE_ALPHA, GL_LUMINANCE4_ALPHA4, GL_LUMINANCE6_ALPHA2, GL_LUMINANCE8_ALPHA8, GL_LUMINANCE12_ALPHA4, GL_LUMINANCE12_ALPHA12, GL_LUMINANCE16_ALPHA16, GL_INTENSITY, GL_INTENSITY4, GL_INTENSITY8, GL_INTENSITY12, GL_INTENSITY16, GL_RGB, GL_R3_G3_B2, GL_RGB4, GL_RGB5, GL_RGB8, GL_RGB10, GL_RGB12, GL_RGB16, GL_RGBA, GL_RGBA2, GL_RGBA4, GL_RGB5_A1, GL_RGBA8, GL_RGB10_A2, GL_RGBA12, or GL_RGBA16.

width

The width of the texture image. Must be 2n + 2( border ) for some integer n. The height of the texture image is 1.

border

The width of the border. Must be either 0 or 1.

format

The format of the pixel data. It can assume one of nine symbolic values.

Value Meaning
GL_COLOR_INDEX
Each element is a single value, a color index. It is converted to fixed point (with an unspecified number of 0 bits to the right of the binary point), shifted left or right, depending on the value and sign of GL_INDEX_SHIFT, and added to GL_INDEX_OFFSET (see glPixelTransfer). The resulting index is converted to a set of color components using the GL_PIXEL_MAP_I_TO_R, GL_PIXEL_MAP_I_TO_G, GL_PIXEL_MAP_I_TO_B, and GL_PIXEL_MAP_I_TO_A tables, and clamped to the range [0,1].
GL_RED
Each element is a single red component. It is converted to floating point and assembled into an RGBA element by attaching 0.0 for green and blue, and 1.0 for alpha. Each component is then multiplied by the signed scale factor GL_c_SCALE, added to the signed bias GL_c_BIAS, and clamped to the range [0,1] (see glPixelTransfer).
GL_GREEN
Each element is a single green component. It is converted to floating point and assembled into an RGBA element by attaching 0.0 for red and blue, and 1.0 for alpha. Each component is then multiplied by the signed scale factor GL_c_SCALE, added to the signed bias GL_c_BIAS, and clamped to the range [0,1] (see glPixelTransfer).
GL_BLUE
Each element is a single blue component. It is converted to floating point and assembled into an RGBA element by attaching 0.0 for red and green, and 1.0 for alpha. Each component is then multiplied by the signed scale factor GL_c_SCALE, added to the signed bias GL_c_BIAS, and clamped to the range [0,1] (see glPixelTransfer).
GL_ALPHA
Each element is a single red component. It is converted to floating point and assembled into an RGBA element by attaching 0.0 for red, green, and blue. Each component is then multiplied by the signed scale factor GL_c_SCALE, added to the signed bias GL_c_BIAS, and clamped to the range [0,1] (see glPixelTransfer).
GL_RGB
Each element is an RGB triple. It is converted to floating point and assembled into an RGBA element by attaching 1.0 for alpha. Each component is then multiplied by the signed scale factor GL_c_SCALE, added to the signed bias GL_c_BIAS, and clamped to the range [0,1] (see glPixelTransfer).
GL_RGBA
Each element is a complete RGBA element. It is converted to floating point. Each component is then multiplied by the signed scale factor GL_c_SCALE, added to the signed bias GL_c_BIAS, and clamped to the range [0,1] (see glPixelTransfer).
GL_BGR_EXT
Each pixel is a group of three components in this order: blue, green, red.
GL_BGR_EXT provides a format that matches the memory layout of Windows device-independent bitmaps (DIBs). Thus your applications can use the same data with Windows function calls and OpenGL pixel function calls.
GL_BGRA_EXT
Each pixel is a group of four components in this order: blue, green, red, alpha.
GL_BGRA_EXT provides a format that matches the memory layout of Windows device-independent bitmaps (DIBs). Thus your applications can use the same data with Windows function calls and OpenGL pixel function calls.
GL_LUMINANCE
Each element is a single luminance value. It is converted to floating point, and then assembled into an RGBA element by replicating the luminance value three times for red, green, and blue, and attaching 1.0 for alpha. Each component is then multiplied by the signed scale factor GL_c_SCALE, added to the signed bias GL_c_BIAS, and clamped to the range [0,1] (see glPixelTransfer).
GL_LUMINANCE_ALPHA
Each element is a luminance/alpha pair. It is converted to floating point, and then assembled into an RGBA element by replicating the luminance value three times for red, green, and blue. Each component is then multiplied by the signed scale factor GL_c_SCALE, added to the signed bias GL_c_BIAS, and clamped to the range [0,1] (see glPixelTransfer).

type

The data type of the pixel data. The following symbolic values are accepted: GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, GL_BYTE, GL_BITMAP, GL_UNSIGNED_SHORT, GL_SHORT, GL_UNSIGNED_INT, GL_INT, and GL_FLOAT.

pixels

A pointer to the image data in memory.

Return value

This function does not return a value.

Error codes

The following error codes can be retrieved by the glGetError function.

Name Meaning
GL_INVALID_ENUM
target was not an GL_TEXTURE.
GL_INVALID_ENUM
format was not an accepted format constant. Only format constants other than GL_STENCIL_INDEX and GL_DEPTH_COMPONENT are accepted. See the parameter description of format for a list of possible values.
GL_INVALID_ENUM
type was not a type constant.
GL_INVALID_ENUM
type was GL_BITMAP and format was not GL_COLOR_INDEX.
GL_INVALID_VALUE
level was less than zero or greater than log2max, where max was the returned value of GL_MAX_TEXTURE_SIZE.
GL_INVALID_VALUE
internalformat was was not 1, 2, 3, or 4.
GL_INVALID_VALUE
width was less than zero or greater than 2 + GL_MAX_TEXTURE_SIZE, or it could not be represented as 2n + 2(border) for some integer value of n.
GL_INVALID_VALUE
border was not 0 or 1.
GL_INVALID_OPERATION
The function was called between a call to glBegin and the corresponding call to glEnd.

Remarks

The glTexImage1D function specifies a one-dimensional texture image. Texturing maps a portion of a specified texture image onto each graphical primitive for which texturing is enabled. One-dimensional texturing is enabled and disabled using glEnable and glDisable with argument GL_TEXTURE_1D.

Texture images are defined with glTexImage1D. The arguments describe the parameters of the texture image, such as width, width of the border, level-of-detail number (see glTexParameter), and number of color components provided. The last three arguments describe the way the image is represented in memory. These arguments are identical to the pixel formats used for glDrawPixels.

Data is read from pixels as a sequence of signed or unsigned bytes, shorts or longs, or single-precision floating-point values, depending on type. These values are grouped into sets of one, two, three, or four values, depending on format, to form elements. If type is GL_BITMAP, the data is considered as a string of unsigned bytes (and format must be GL_COLOR_INDEX). Each data byte is treated as eight 1-bit elements, with bit ordering determined by GL_UNPACK_LSB_FIRST (see glPixelStore).

A texture image can have up to four components per texture element, depending on components. A one-component texture image uses only the red component of the RGBA color extracted from pixels. A two-component image uses the R and A values. A three-component image uses the R, G, and B values. A four-component image uses all of the RGBA components.

Texturing has no effect in color-index mode.

The texture image can be represented by the same data formats as the pixels in a glDrawPixels command, except that GL_STENCIL_INDEX and GL_DEPTH_COMPONENT cannot be used. The glPixelStore and glPixelTransfer modes affect texture images in exactly the way they affect glDrawPixels.

A texture image with zero width indicates the null texture. If the null texture is specified for level-of-detail 0, it is as if texturing were disabled.

The following functions retrieve information related to glTexImageID:

glGetTexImage

glIsEnabled with argument GL_TEXTURE_1D

Requirements

Requirement Value
Minimum supported client
Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server
Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]
Header
Gl.h
Library
Opengl32.lib
DLL
Opengl32.dll

See also

glBegin

glCopyPixels

glCopyTexImage1D

glCopyTexImage2D

glCopyTexSubImage1D

glCopyTexSubImage2D

glDrawPixels

glEnd

glFog

glGetTexImage

glIsEnabled

glPixelStore

glPixelTransfer

glTexEnv

glTexGen

glTexImage2D

glTexSubImage1D

glTexSubImage2D

glTexParameter