The OpenPrinter function retrieves a handle to the specified printer or print server or other types of handles in the print subsystem.
BOOL OpenPrinter( _In_ LPTSTR pPrinterName, _Out_ LPHANDLE phPrinter, _In_ LPPRINTER_DEFAULTS pDefault );
A pointer to a null-terminated string that specifies the name of the printer or print server, the printer object, the XcvMonitor, or the XcvPort.
For a printer object use: PrinterName, Job xxxx. For an XcvMonitor, use: ServerName, XcvMonitor MonitorName. For an XcvPort, use: ServerName, XcvPort PortName.
If NULL, it indicates the local printer server.
A pointer to a variable that receives a handle (not thread safe) to the open printer or print server object.
The phPrinter parameter can return an Xcv handle for use with the XcvData function. For more information about XcvData, see the DDK.
A pointer to a PRINTER_DEFAULTS structure. This value can be NULL.
If the function succeeds, the return value is a nonzero value.
If the function fails, the return value is zero.
Do not call this method in DllMain.
A handle obtained for a remote printer by a call to OpenPrinter for a remote printer accesses the printer through a local cache in the print spooler service. This cache isn't real-time accurate. To obtain accurate data, replace the OpenPrinter call with OpenPrinter2 with pOptions.dwFlags set to PRINTER_OPTION_NO_CACHE. Note that only OpenPrinter2W is functional. The function returns a printer handle that uses other Printing API calls and bypasses the local cache. This method blocks while waiting for network communication with the remote printer, so it might not return immediately. How quickly this function returns depends on run-time factors such as network status, print server configuration, and printer driver implementation factors that are difficult to predict when writing an application. Calling this function from a thread that manages user interface interaction might make the application appear unresponsive.
A handle obtained by a call to OpenPrinter for a remote printer will access the printer through a local cache in the print spooler service. This cache is, by design, not real time accurate. If you need to obtain accurate data, replace the OpenPrinter call with OpenPrinter2 with pOptions.dwFlags set to PRINTER_OPTION_NO_CACHE. Note that only OpenPrinter2W is functional. Doing so the function returns a printer handle that makes other Printing API calls to bypass the local cache. Note that this approach will block while waiting for the round-trip network communication to the remote printer, so it may not return immediately. How quickly this function returns depends on run-time factors such as network status, print server configuration, and printer driver implementation - factors that are difficult to predict when writing an application. Therefore calling this function from a thread that manages interaction with the user interface could make the application appear to be unresponsive.
The handle pointed to by phPrinter is not thread safe. If callers need to use it concurrently on multiple threads, they must provide custom synchronization access to the printer handle using the Synchronization Functions. To avoid writing custom code the application can open a printer handle on each thread, as needed.
The pDefault parameter enables you to specify the data type and device mode values that are used for printing documents submitted by the StartDocPrinter function. However, you can override these values by using the SetJob function after a document has been started.
The DEVMODE settings defined in the PRINTER_DEFAULTS structure of the pDefault parameter are not used when the value of the pDatatype member of the DOC_INFO_1 structure that was passed in the pDocInfo parameter of the StartDocPrinter call is "RAW". When a high-level document (such as an Adobe PDF or Microsoft Word file) or other printer data (such PCL, PS, or HPGL) is sent directly to a printer with pDatatype set to "RAW", the document must fully describe the DEVMODE-style print job settings in the language understood by the hardware.
You can call the OpenPrinter function to open a handle to a print server or to determine the access rights that a client has to a print server. To do so, specify the name of the print server in the pPrinterName parameter, set the pDatatype and pDevMode members of the PRINTER_DEFAULTS structure to NULL, and set the DesiredAccess member to specify a server access mask value such as SERVER_ALL_ACCESS. When you finish with the handle, pass it to the ClosePrinter function to close it.
Use the DesiredAccess member of the PRINTER_DEFAULTS structure to specify the access rights that you need to the printer. The access rights can be one of the following. (If pDefault is NULL, then the access rights are PRINTER_ACCESS_USE.)
|Desired Access value||Meaning|
|PRINTER_ACCESS_ADMINISTER||To perform administrative tasks, such as those provided by SetPrinter.|
|PRINTER_ACCESS_USE||To perform basic printing operations.|
|PRINTER_ALL_ACCESS||To perform all administrative tasks and basic printing operations except for SYNCHRONIZE (see Standard Access Rights.|
|PRINTER_ACCESS_MANAGE_LIMITED||To perform administrative tasks, such as those provided by SetPrinter and SetPrinterData. This value is available starting from Windows 8.1.|
|generic security values, such as WRITE_DAC||To allow specific control access rights. See Standard Access Rights.|
If a user does not have permission to open a specified printer or print server with the desired access, the OpenPrinter call will fail with a return value of zero and GetLastError will return the value ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED.
For a sample program that uses this function, see How To: Print Using the GDI Print API.
|Minimum supported client
||Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]
|Minimum supported server
||Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]
|Unicode and ANSI names
||OpenPrinterW (Unicode) and OpenPrinterA (ANSI)