Performing Proximity Detection

Before you can stream encrypted data to a registered device in the Windows Media DRM 10 for Network Devices protocol, you must perform a process called proximity detection (also called validation). This process involves sending messages to the device and receiving responses. The time it takes to receive a response is used to determine whether the device is "near" enough to the computer on the network to receive secure data. Confirming that the device is physically close to the client computer on the network helps to prevent spoofing and other unauthorized access.

When proximity detection is successfully completed, the device is said to be valid. You can check whether a device is valid by calling the IWMRegisteredDevice::IsValid method. Devices must be validated every 48 hours. A device that was validated more than 48 hours before your program runs must be revalidated by performing the proximity detection process again.

To perform proximity detection, you must establish communications with the device and then call the IWMProximityDetection::StartDetection method. The detection process is completed asynchronously by the internal DRM components of the Windows Media Format SDK. Your application must include an implementation of the IWMStatusCallback interface to process proximity detection messages.

There are two messages that are sent by the proximity detection process: a result message and a completion message.

The result message, WMT_PROXIMITY_RESULT, is sent when the detection process is completed. The hr parameter of the OnStatus callback method indicates whether the device was found to be near enough to the client computer. If the hr parameter of the result message indicates success, the pValue parameter contains a DWORD specifying the measured latency to the device in milliseconds.

The completion message, WMT_PROXIMITY_COMPLETED, is sent when the detection is finalized. You should release the IWMProximityDetection interface only after receiving this message.

When proximity detection for a device succeeds, the device registration database is automatically updated. Subsequent calls to IWMRegisteredDevice::IsValid will return TRUE until 48 hours have passed and the device needs to be revalidated.

Note DRM is not supported by the x64-based version of this SDK.

Using the Windows Media DRM 10 for Network Devices Protocol