To Retrieve All Metadata in a File

The following code example is a function that displays all the metadata in a file. In order to use the function, you must pass it a pointer to the IWMHeaderInfo3 interface of a metadata editor object, reader object, synchronous reader object, or writer object. You must also include the Stdio.h header file somewhere in your project. For more information about how to use this example, see Using the Code Examples.

For clarity, this example does not display the values of binary and GUID attributes. For binary attributes, you should check to see if the attribute name matches any of the known complex metadata attributes. If it does, you should format your output according to the structure used for that attribute. Similarly, GUID attribute values can be displayed in a number of ways. You can choose to display each member of the structure one at a time or convert the structure to a string and display it as one value.

HRESULT ShowAllAttributes(IWMHeaderInfo3* pHeaderInfo)
{
    HRESULT hr          = S_OK;
    
    WORD    cAttributes = 0;
    WCHAR*  pwszName    = NULL;
    WORD    cchName     = 0;
    BYTE*   pbValue     = NULL;
    DWORD   cbValue     = 0;
    WORD    langIndex   = 0;
    WORD    attIndex    = 0;

    WMT_ATTR_DATATYPE attType;

    // Get the total number of attributes in the file.

    hr = pHeaderInfo->GetAttributeCountEx(0xFFFF, &cAttributes);
    GOTO_EXIT_IF_FAILED(hr);

    // Loop through all the attributes, retrieving and displaying each.

    for(attIndex = 0; attIndex < cAttributes; attIndex++)
    {
        // Get the required buffer lengths for the name and value.

        hr = pHeaderInfo->GetAttributeByIndexEx(0xFFFF,
                                                attIndex,
                                                NULL,
                                                &cchName,
                                                NULL,
                                                NULL,
                                                NULL,
                                                &cbValue);
        GOTO_EXIT_IF_FAILED(hr);

        // Allocate the buffers.

        pwszName = new WCHAR[cchName];
        if(pwszName == NULL)
        {
            hr = E_OUTOFMEMORY;
            goto Exit;
        }

        pbValue = new BYTE[cbValue];
        if(pbValue == NULL)
        {
            hr = E_OUTOFMEMORY;
            goto Exit;
        }

        // Get the attribute.

        hr = pHeaderInfo->GetAttributeByIndexEx(0xFFFF,
                                                attIndex,
                                                pwszName,
                                                &cchName,
                                                &attType,
                                                &langIndex,
                                                pbValue,
                                                &cbValue);
        GOTO_EXIT_IF_FAILED(hr);

        // Display the attribute global index and name.

        printf("%3d - %S (Language %d):\n\t ", attIndex, pwszName, langIndex);

        // Display the attribute depending upon type.

        switch(attType)
        {
        case WMT_TYPE_DWORD:
        case WMT_TYPE_QWORD:
        case WMT_TYPE_WORD:
            printf("%d\n\n", (DWORD) *pbValue);
            break;
        case WMT_TYPE_STRING:
            printf("%S\n\n", (WCHAR*) pbValue);
            break;
        case WMT_TYPE_BINARY:
            printf("<binary value>\n\n");
            break;
        case WMT_TYPE_BOOL:
            printf("%s\n\n", ((BOOL) *pbValue == TRUE) ? "True" : "False");
            break;
        case WMT_TYPE_GUID:
            printf("<GUID value>\n\n", (DWORD) *pbValue);
            break;
        }

        // Release allocated memory for the next pass.

        SAFE_ARRAY_DELETE(pwszName);
        SAFE_ARRAY_DELETE(pbValue);
        cchName = 0;
        cbValue = 0;
    } // End for attIndex.

Exit:
    SAFE_ARRAY_DELETE(pwszName);
    SAFE_ARRAY_DELETE(pbValue);
    return hr;
}

Retrieving Metadata Attributes