HttpCalculatorWithBasicOverSslClientExample

This example shows how to use the service proxy to talk to a calculator service, with SSL transport security and HTTP header basic authentication. In this setup, the transport connection is protected (signed, encrypted) by SSL which also provides server authentication. Client authentication is provided by a username/password pair supplied in HTTP headers using the basic scheme.

HttpCalculatorWithBasicOverSslClient.cpp

//------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (C) Microsoft.  All rights reserved.
//------------------------------------------------------------

#ifndef UNICODE
#define UNICODE
#endif

#include <windows.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include "WebServices.h"
#include "process.h"
#include "string.h"
$$RC_START_HIGHLIGHT
#include "wincrypt.h"
$$RC_END_HIGHLIGHT
#include "CalculatorService.wsdl.h"

// Print out rich error info
void PrintError(HRESULT errorCode, WS_ERROR* error)
{
    wprintf(L"Failure: errorCode=0x%lx\n", errorCode);

    if (errorCode == E_INVALIDARG || errorCode == WS_E_INVALID_OPERATION)
    {
        // Correct use of the APIs should never generate these errors
        wprintf(L"The error was due to an invalid use of an API.  This is likely due to a bug in the program.\n");
        DebugBreak();
    }

    HRESULT hr = NOERROR;
    if (error != NULL)
    {
        ULONG errorCount;
        hr = WsGetErrorProperty(error, WS_ERROR_PROPERTY_STRING_COUNT, &errorCount, sizeof(errorCount));
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            goto Exit;
        }
        for (ULONG i = 0; i < errorCount; i++)
        {
            WS_STRING string;
            hr = WsGetErrorString(error, i, &string);
            if (FAILED(hr))
            {
                goto Exit;
            }
            wprintf(L"%.*s\n", string.length, string.chars);
        }
    }
Exit:
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        wprintf(L"Could not get error string (errorCode=0x%lx)\n", hr);
    }
}

// Main entry point
int __cdecl wmain(int argc, __in_ecount(argc) wchar_t **argv)
{
    UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER(argc);
    UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER(argv);
    
    HRESULT hr = NOERROR;
    WS_ERROR* error = NULL;
    WS_HEAP* heap = NULL;
    WS_SERVICE_PROXY* proxy = NULL;
    
$$RC_START_HIGHLIGHT
    // declare and initialize a Windows credential
    WS_STRING_WINDOWS_INTEGRATED_AUTH_CREDENTIAL windowsCredential = {}; // zero out the struct
    windowsCredential.credential.credentialType = WS_STRING_WINDOWS_INTEGRATED_AUTH_CREDENTIAL_TYPE; // set the credential type
    // for illustration only; usernames and passwords should never be included in source files
    windowsCredential.username.chars = L".\\TestUserForBasicAuth";
    windowsCredential.username.length = (ULONG)wcslen(windowsCredential.username.chars);
    windowsCredential.password.chars = L"TstPWD@*4Bsic";
    windowsCredential.password.length = (ULONG)wcslen(windowsCredential.password.chars);
    
    // declare and initialize properties to set the authentication scheme to Basic
    ULONG scheme = WS_HTTP_HEADER_AUTH_SCHEME_BASIC;
    WS_SECURITY_BINDING_PROPERTY httpAuthBindingProperties[1] =
    {
        { WS_SECURITY_BINDING_PROPERTY_HTTP_HEADER_AUTH_SCHEME, &scheme, sizeof(scheme) }
    };
    
    // declare and initialize an HTTP header authentication security binding
    WS_HTTP_HEADER_AUTH_SECURITY_BINDING httpAuthBinding = {}; // zero out the struct
    httpAuthBinding.binding.bindingType = WS_HTTP_HEADER_AUTH_SECURITY_BINDING_TYPE; // set the binding type
    httpAuthBinding.binding.properties = httpAuthBindingProperties;
    httpAuthBinding.binding.propertyCount = WsCountOf(httpAuthBindingProperties);
    httpAuthBinding.clientCredential = &windowsCredential.credential;
    
    // declare and initialize an SSL transport security binding
    WS_SSL_TRANSPORT_SECURITY_BINDING sslBinding = {}; // zero out the struct
    sslBinding.binding.bindingType = WS_SSL_TRANSPORT_SECURITY_BINDING_TYPE; // set the binding type
    
    // declare and initialize the array of all security bindings
    WS_SECURITY_BINDING* securityBindings[2] = { &sslBinding.binding, &httpAuthBinding.binding };
    
    // declare and initialize the security description
    WS_SECURITY_DESCRIPTION securityDescription = {}; // zero out the struct
    securityDescription.securityBindings = securityBindings;
    securityDescription.securityBindingCount = WsCountOf(securityBindings);
$$RC_END_HIGHLIGHT
    
    int result = 0;
    WS_ENDPOINT_ADDRESS address = {};
    WS_STRING url = WS_STRING_VALUE(L"https://localhost:8443/example");
    address.url = url;
    
    // Create an error object for storing rich error information
    hr = WsCreateError(
        NULL, 
        0, 
        &error);
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        goto Exit;
    }
    
    // Create a heap to store deserialized data
    hr = WsCreateHeap(
        /*maxSize*/ 2048, 
        /*trimSize*/ 512, 
        NULL, 
        0, 
        &heap, 
        error);
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        goto Exit;
    }
    
    // Create the proxy
    hr = WsCreateServiceProxy(
        WS_CHANNEL_TYPE_REQUEST, 
        WS_HTTP_CHANNEL_BINDING, 
        &securityDescription, 
        NULL, 
        0, 
        NULL,
        0,
        &proxy, 
        error);
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        goto Exit;
    }
    
    
    
    hr = WsOpenServiceProxy(
        proxy, 
        &address, 
        NULL, 
        error);
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        goto Exit;
    }
    
    hr = DefaultBinding_ICalculator_Add(
        proxy, 
        1, 
        2, 
        &result, 
        heap, 
        NULL, 
        0, 
        NULL, 
        error);
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        goto Exit;
    }
    
    wprintf(L"%d + %d = %d\n", 1, 2, result);
                   
Exit:
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        // Print out the error
        PrintError(hr, error);
    }
    fflush(
        stdout);
    if (proxy != NULL)
    {
        WsCloseServiceProxy(
            proxy, 
            NULL, 
            NULL);
    
        WsFreeServiceProxy(
            proxy);
    }
    
    
    if (heap != NULL)
    {
        WsFreeHeap(heap);
    }
    if (error != NULL)
    {
        WsFreeError(error);
    }
    fflush(stdout);
    return SUCCEEDED(hr) ? 0 : -1;
}

CalculatorService.wsdl

<wsdl:definitions 
    xmlns:soap="https://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/soap/" 
    xmlns:tns="https://Example.org" 
    xmlns:xsd="https://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
    xmlns:wsaw="https://www.w3.org/2006/05/addressing/wsdl" 
    xmlns:soap12="https://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/soap12/" 
    targetNamespace="https://Example.org" 
    xmlns:wsdl="https://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/">
    <wsdl:types>
        <xsd:schema targetNamespace="https://Example.org" elementFormDefault="qualified" >
            <xsd:element name="Add">
                <xsd:complexType>
                    <xsd:sequence>
                        <xsd:element minOccurs="0" name="a" type="xsd:int" />
                        <xsd:element minOccurs="0" name="b" type="xsd:int" />
                    </xsd:sequence>
                </xsd:complexType>
            </xsd:element>
            <xsd:element name="AddResponse">
                <xsd:complexType>
                    <xsd:sequence>
                        <xsd:element minOccurs="0" name="result" type="xsd:int" />
                    </xsd:sequence>
                </xsd:complexType>
            </xsd:element>
            <xsd:element name="Subtract">
                <xsd:complexType>
                    <xsd:sequence>
                        <xsd:element minOccurs="0" name="a" type="xsd:int" />
                        <xsd:element minOccurs="0" name="b" type="xsd:int" />
                    </xsd:sequence>
                </xsd:complexType>
            </xsd:element>
            <xsd:element name="SubtractResponse">
                <xsd:complexType>
                    <xsd:sequence>
                        <xsd:element minOccurs="0" name="result" type="xsd:int" />
                    </xsd:sequence>
                </xsd:complexType>
            </xsd:element>
        </xsd:schema>
    </wsdl:types>
    <wsdl:message name="ICalculator_Add_InputMessage">
        <wsdl:part name="parameters" element="tns:Add" />
    </wsdl:message>
    <wsdl:message name="ICalculator_Add_OutputMessage">
        <wsdl:part name="parameters" element="tns:AddResponse" />
    </wsdl:message>
    <wsdl:message name="ICalculator_Subtract_InputMessage">
        <wsdl:part name="parameters" element="tns:Subtract" />
    </wsdl:message>
    <wsdl:message name="ICalculator_Subtract_OutputMessage">
        <wsdl:part name="parameters" element="tns:SubtractResponse" />
    </wsdl:message>
    <wsdl:portType name="ICalculator">
        <wsdl:operation name="Add">
            <wsdl:input wsaw:Action="https://Example.org/ICalculator/Add" message="tns:ICalculator_Add_InputMessage" />
            <wsdl:output wsaw:Action="https://Example.org/ICalculator/AddResponse" message="tns:ICalculator_Add_OutputMessage" />
        </wsdl:operation>
        <wsdl:operation name="Subtract">
            <wsdl:input wsaw:Action="https://Example.org/ICalculator/Subtract" message="tns:ICalculator_Subtract_InputMessage" />
            <wsdl:output wsaw:Action="https://Example.org/ICalculator/SubtractResponse" message="tns:ICalculator_Subtract_OutputMessage" />
        </wsdl:operation>
    </wsdl:portType>
    <wsdl:binding name="DefaultBinding_ICalculator" type="tns:ICalculator">
        <soap:binding transport="https://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/http" />
        <wsdl:operation name="Add">
            <soap:operation soapAction="https://Example.org/ICalculator/Add" style="document" />
            <wsdl:input>
                <soap:body use="literal" />
            </wsdl:input>
            <wsdl:output>
                <soap:body use="literal" />
            </wsdl:output>
        </wsdl:operation>
        <wsdl:operation name="Subtract">
            <soap:operation soapAction="https://Example.org/ICalculator/Subtract" style="document" />
            <wsdl:input>
                <soap:body use="literal" />
            </wsdl:input>
            <wsdl:output>
                <soap:body use="literal" />
            </wsdl:output>
        </wsdl:operation>
    </wsdl:binding>
    <wsdl:service name="CalculatorService">
        <wsdl:port name="ICalculator" binding="tns:DefaultBinding_ICalculator">
            <soap:address location="https://Example.org/ICalculator" />
        </wsdl:port>
    </wsdl:service>

</wsdl:definitions>

Makefile

!include <Win32.Mak>

EXTRA_LIBS = WebServices.lib rpcrt4.lib Iphlpapi.lib

all: $(OUTDIR) $(OUTDIR)\WsHttpCalculatorWithBasicOverSslClient.exe

"$(OUTDIR)" :
    if not exist "$(OUTDIR)/$(NULL)" mkdir "$(OUTDIR)"
    
$(OUTDIR)\CalculatorService.wsdl.c: CalculatorService.wsdl
     Wsutil.exe /wsdl:CalculatorService.wsdl /string:WS_STRING /out:$(OUTDIR)
    
$(OUTDIR)\CalculatorService.wsdl.obj: $(OUTDIR)\CalculatorService.wsdl.c
    $(cc) $(cdebug) $(cflags) $(cvarsmt) /WX -I$(OUTDIR) /Fo"$(OUTDIR)\\" /Fd"$(OUTDIR)\\" $(OUTDIR)\CalculatorService.wsdl.c

$(OUTDIR)\HttpCalculatorWithBasicOverSslClient.obj: HttpCalculatorWithBasicOverSslClient.cpp $(OUTDIR)\CalculatorService.wsdl.c
    $(cc) $(cdebug) $(cflags) $(cvarsmt) /WX -I$(OUTDIR) /Fo"$(OUTDIR)\\" /Fd"$(OUTDIR)\\" HttpCalculatorWithBasicOverSslClient.cpp

$(OUTDIR)\WsHttpCalculatorWithBasicOverSslClient.exe: $(OUTDIR)\HttpCalculatorWithBasicOverSslClient.obj $(OUTDIR)\CalculatorService.wsdl.obj
    $(link) $(ldebug) $(conlflags) $(conlibsmt) $(EXTRA_LIBS) -out:$(OUTDIR)\WsHttpCalculatorWithBasicOverSslClient.exe $(OUTDIR)\HttpCalculatorWithBasicOverSslClient.obj $(OUTDIR)\CalculatorService.wsdl.obj /PDB:$(OUTDIR)\WsHttpCalculatorWithBasicOverSslClient.PDB

clean:
    $(CLEANUP)