CharEnumerator.MoveNext Método

Definición

Incrementa el índice interno del objeto CharEnumerator actual hasta el siguiente carácter de la cadena enumerada.Increments the internal index of the current CharEnumerator object to the next character of the enumerated string.

public:
 virtual bool MoveNext();
public bool MoveNext ();
abstract member MoveNext : unit -> bool
override this.MoveNext : unit -> bool
Public Function MoveNext () As Boolean

Devoluciones

Boolean

Es true si el índice se incrementa correctamente y dentro de la cadena enumerada; en caso contrario, es false.true if the index is successfully incremented and within the enumerated string; otherwise, false.

Implementaciones

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se usa la CharEnumerator clase para enumerar los caracteres individuales de una cadena.The following example uses the CharEnumerator class to enumerate the individual characters in a string. Crea una instancia de un CharEnumerator objeto llamando al String.GetEnumerator método, se desplaza de un carácter a otro llamando al MoveNext método y muestra el carácter actual recuperando el valor de la Current propiedad.It instantiates a CharEnumerator object by calling the String.GetEnumerator method, moves from one character to the next by calling the MoveNext method, and displays the current character by retrieving the value of the Current property.

String ^ title = "A Tale of Two Cities";
CharEnumerator ^ chEnum = title->GetEnumerator();
int ctr = 1;
String ^ outputLine1 = nullptr;
String ^ outputLine2 = nullptr;
String ^ outputLine3 = nullptr; 

while (chEnum->MoveNext())
{
   outputLine1 += ctr < 10 || ctr % 10 != 0 ? "  " : (ctr / 10) + " ";
   outputLine2 += (ctr % 10) + " ";
   outputLine3 += chEnum->Current + " ";
   ctr++;
}

Console::WriteLine("The length of the string is {0} characters:", 
                  title->Length);
Console::WriteLine(outputLine1);
Console::WriteLine(outputLine2);    
Console::WriteLine(outputLine3);
// The example displays the following output to the console:      
//       The length of the string is 20 characters:
//                         1                   2
//       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
//       A   T a l e   o f   T w o   C i t i e s
string title = "A Tale of Two Cities";
CharEnumerator chEnum = title.GetEnumerator();
int ctr = 1;
string outputLine1 = null;
string outputLine2 = null;
string outputLine3 = null;

while (chEnum.MoveNext())
{
   outputLine1 += ctr < 10 || ctr % 10 != 0 ? "  " : (ctr / 10) + " ";
   outputLine2 += (ctr % 10) + " ";
   outputLine3 += chEnum.Current + " ";
   ctr++;
}

Console.WriteLine("The length of the string is {0} characters:",
                  title.Length);
Console.WriteLine(outputLine1);
Console.WriteLine(outputLine2);
Console.WriteLine(outputLine3);
// The example displays the following output to the console:
//       The length of the string is 20 characters:
//                         1                   2
//       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
//       A   T a l e   o f   T w o   C i t i e s
Dim title As String = "A Tale of Two Cities"
Dim chEnum As CharEnumerator = title.GetEnumerator()
Dim ctr As Integer = 1
Dim outputLine1, outputLine2, outputLine3 As String 

Do While chEnum.MoveNext()
   outputLine1 += CStr(iif(ctr < 10 Or ctr Mod 10 <> 0, "  ", CStr(ctr \ 10) + " ")) 
   outputLine2 += (ctr Mod 10)& " "
   outputLine3 += chEnum.Current & " "
   ctr += 1
Loop

Console.WriteLine("The length of the string is {0} characters:", _
                  title.Length)
Console.WriteLine(outputLine1)
Console.WriteLine(outputLine2)    
Console.WriteLine(outputLine3)
' The example displays the following output to the console:      
'       The length of the string is 20 characters:
'                         1                   2
'       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
'       A   T a l e   o f   T w o   C i t i e s

Tenga en cuenta, sin embargo, que la misma operación se puede realizar de forma algo más intuitiva mediante foreach (en C#) o For Each (en Visual Basic), como se muestra en el ejemplo siguiente.Note, however, that the same operation can be performed somewhat more intuitively by using foreach (in C#) or For Each (in Visual Basic), as the following example shows.

String ^ title = "A Tale of Two Cities";
int ctr = 1;
String ^ outputLine1 = nullptr;
String ^ outputLine2 = nullptr;
String ^ outputLine3 = nullptr; 

for each (wchar_t ch in title)
{
   outputLine1 += ctr < 10 || ctr % 10 != 0 ? "  " : (ctr / 10) + " ";
   outputLine2 += (ctr % 10) + " ";
   outputLine3 += ch + " ";
   ctr++;
}

Console::WriteLine("The length of the string is {0} characters:", 
                  title->Length);
Console::WriteLine(outputLine1);
Console::WriteLine(outputLine2);    
Console::WriteLine(outputLine3);
// The example displays the following output to the console:      
//       The length of the string is 20 characters:
//                         1                   2
//       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
//       A   T a l e   o f   T w o   C i t i e s
string title = "A Tale of Two Cities";
int ctr = 1;
string outputLine1 = null;
string outputLine2 = null;
string outputLine3 = null;

foreach (char ch in title)
{
   outputLine1 += ctr < 10 || ctr % 10 != 0 ? "  " : (ctr / 10) + " ";
   outputLine2 += (ctr % 10) + " ";
   outputLine3 += ch + " ";
   ctr++;
}

Console.WriteLine("The length of the string is {0} characters:",
                  title.Length);
Console.WriteLine(outputLine1);
Console.WriteLine(outputLine2);
Console.WriteLine(outputLine3);
// The example displays the following output to the console:
//       The length of the string is 20 characters:
//                         1                   2
//       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
//       A   T a l e   o f   T w o   C i t i e s
Dim title As String = "A Tale of Two Cities"
Dim ctr As Integer = 1
Dim outputLine1, outputLine2, outputLine3 As String 

For Each ch As Char In title
   outputLine1 += CStr(iif(ctr < 10 Or ctr Mod 10 <> 0, "  ", CStr(ctr \ 10) + " ")) 
   outputLine2 += (ctr Mod 10)& " "
   outputLine3 += ch & " "
   ctr += 1
Next

Console.WriteLine("The length of the string is {0} characters:", _
                  title.Length)
Console.WriteLine(outputLine1)
Console.WriteLine(outputLine2)    
Console.WriteLine(outputLine3)
' The example displays the following output to the console:      
'       The length of the string is 20 characters:
'                         1                   2
'       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
'       A   T a l e   o f   T w o   C i t i e s

Comentarios

La CharEnumerator clase mantiene un índice interno en la cadena enumerada y el MoveNext método incrementa el índice en uno.The CharEnumerator class maintains an internal index to the enumerated string, and the MoveNext method increments the index by one. Llame a MoveNext después GetEnumerator de llamar a o Reset para incrementar la posición del carácter actual hasta el primer carácter de la cadena enumerada.Call MoveNext after calling GetEnumerator or Reset to increment the current character position to the first character in the enumerated string. Compruebe que el valor devuelto es true determinar si la posición del carácter actual es válida.Check that the return value is true to determine that the current character position is valid.

Si el índice ya está más allá del último carácter de la cadena enumerada, el índice no se cambia y false se devuelve.If the index is already beyond the last character of the enumerated string, the index is not changed and false is returned.

Observe que si la cadena enumerada está vacía (""), el estado de CharEnumerator no es siempre válido.Notice that if the enumerated string is empty (""), the state of the CharEnumerator is always invalid. Esto se debe a que el índice interno de CharEnumerator está inicialmente antes del primer carácter de la cadena enumerada y, por lo tanto, no es válido.This is because the internal index for the CharEnumerator is initially before the first character of the enumerated string and is therefore invalid. MoveNext establece lógicamente el índice después del último carácter (inexistente) de la cadena enumerada, que tampoco es válido.MoveNext logically sets the index after the last (nonexistent) character of the enumerated string which is also invalid.

Se aplica a