ArrayList.Sort Método

Definición

Ordena los elementos en ArrayList o en una parte.

Sobrecargas

Sort()

Ordena todos los elementos de ArrayList.

Sort(IComparer)

Ordena los elementos en la ArrayList completa usando el comparador especificado.

Sort(Int32, Int32, IComparer)

Ordena los elementos en un intervalo de elementos de la matriz ArrayList usando el comparador especificado.

Sort()

Ordena todos los elementos de ArrayList.

public:
 virtual void Sort();
public virtual void Sort ();
abstract member Sort : unit -> unit
override this.Sort : unit -> unit
Public Overridable Sub Sort ()

Excepciones

ArrayList es de solo lectura.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se muestra cómo ordenar los valores de .ArrayList

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "The" );
   myAL->Add( "quick" );
   myAL->Add( "brown" );
   myAL->Add( "fox" );
   myAL->Add( "jumps" );
   myAL->Add( "over" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "lazy" );
   myAL->Add( "dog" );
   
   // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following values:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Sorts the values of the ArrayList.
   myAL->Sort();
   
   // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After sorting:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
}

void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0}", obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.

 The ArrayList initially contains the following values:
    The
    quick
    brown
    fox
    jumps
    over
    the
    lazy
    dog

 After sorting:
    brown
    dog
    fox
    jumps
    lazy
    over
    quick
    the
    The
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;

public class SamplesArrayList1
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
        ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
        myAL.Add("The");
        myAL.Add("quick");
        myAL.Add("brown");
        myAL.Add("fox");
        myAL.Add("jumps");
        myAL.Add("over");
        myAL.Add("the");
        myAL.Add("lazy");
        myAL.Add("dog");

        // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("The ArrayList initially contains the following values:");
        PrintValues(myAL);

        // Sorts the values of the ArrayList.
        myAL.Sort();

        // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After sorting:");
        PrintValues(myAL);
    }

    public static void PrintValues(IEnumerable myList)
    {
        foreach (Object obj in myList)
            Console.WriteLine("   {0}", obj);
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

The ArrayList initially contains the following values:
   The
   quick
   brown
   fox
   jumps
   over
   the
   lazy
   dog

After sorting:
   brown
   dog
   fox
   jumps
   lazy
   over
   quick
   the
   The
*/
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
        Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
        myAL.Add("The")
        myAL.Add("quick")
        myAL.Add("brown")
        myAL.Add("fox")
        myAL.Add("jumps")
        myAL.Add("over")
        myAL.Add("the")
        myAL.Add("lazy")
        myAL.Add("dog")

        ' Displays the values of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("The ArrayList initially contains the following values:")
        PrintValues(myAL)

        ' Sorts the values of the ArrayList.
        myAL.Sort()

        ' Displays the values of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After sorting:")
        PrintValues(myAL)

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintValues(myList As IEnumerable)
        Dim obj As [Object]
        For Each obj In  myList
            Console.WriteLine("   {0}", obj)
        Next obj
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


' This code produces the following output.
'
' The ArrayList initially contains the following values:
'    The
'    quick
'    brown
'    fox
'    jumps
'    over
'    the
'    lazy
'    dog
'
' After sorting:
'    brown
'    dog
'    fox
'    jumps
'    lazy
'    over
'    quick
'    the
'    The

Comentarios

Este método usa , que usa Array.Sortel algoritmo QuickSort. El algoritmo QuickSort es una ordenación de comparación (también denominada ordenación inestable), lo que significa que una operación de comparación "menor o igual que" determina cuál de dos elementos debe aparecer primero en la lista ordenada final. Sin embargo, si dos elementos son iguales, es posible que su orden original no se conserve. Por el contrario, una ordenación estable conserva el orden de los elementos que son iguales. Para realizar una ordenación estable, debe implementar una interfaz personalizada IComparer para usarla con las demás sobrecargas de este método.

En promedio, este método es una O(n log n) operación, donde n es Count; en el peor de los casos es una O(n^2) operación.

Consulte también

Se aplica a

Sort(IComparer)

Ordena los elementos en la ArrayList completa usando el comparador especificado.

public:
 virtual void Sort(System::Collections::IComparer ^ comparer);
public virtual void Sort (System.Collections.IComparer comparer);
public virtual void Sort (System.Collections.IComparer? comparer);
abstract member Sort : System.Collections.IComparer -> unit
override this.Sort : System.Collections.IComparer -> unit
Public Overridable Sub Sort (comparer As IComparer)

Parámetros

comparer
IComparer

Implementación de IComparer que se va a usar al comparar elementos.

o bien Referencia nula (Nothing en Visual Basic) para usar la implementación de IComparable de cada elemento.

Excepciones

ArrayList es de solo lectura.

Se produjo un error al comparar dos elementos.

null se pasa para comparer, y los elementos de la lista no implementan IComparable.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se muestra cómo ordenar los valores de mediante ArrayList el comparador predeterminado y un comparador personalizado que invierte el criterio de ordenación.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable^ myList );
ref class myReverserClass: public IComparer
{
private:

   // Calls CaseInsensitiveComparer.Compare with the parameters reversed.
   virtual int Compare( Object^ x, Object^ y ) sealed = IComparer::Compare
   {
      return ((gcnew CaseInsensitiveComparer)->Compare( y, x ));
   }

};

int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "The" );
   myAL->Add( "quick" );
   myAL->Add( "brown" );
   myAL->Add( "fox" );
   myAL->Add( "jumps" );
   myAL->Add( "over" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "lazy" );
   myAL->Add( "dog" );
   
   // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myAL );
   
   // Sorts the values of the ArrayList using the default comparer.
   myAL->Sort();
   Console::WriteLine( "After sorting with the default comparer:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myAL );
   
   // Sorts the values of the ArrayList using the reverse case-insensitive comparer.
   IComparer^ myComparer = gcnew myReverserClass;
   myAL->Sort( myComparer );
   Console::WriteLine( "After sorting with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myAL );
}

void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable^ myList )
{
   int i = 0;
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}", i++, obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.
The ArrayList initially contains the following values:
        [0]:    The
        [1]:    quick
        [2]:    brown
        [3]:    fox
        [4]:    jumps
        [5]:    over
        [6]:    the
        [7]:    lazy
        [8]:    dog

After sorting with the default comparer:
        [0]:    brown
        [1]:    dog
        [2]:    fox
        [3]:    jumps
        [4]:    lazy
        [5]:    over
        [6]:    quick
        [7]:    the
        [8]:    The

After sorting with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:
        [0]:    the
        [1]:    The
        [2]:    quick
        [3]:    over
        [4]:    lazy
        [5]:    jumps
        [6]:    fox
        [7]:    dog
        [8]:    brown 
*/
using System;
using System.Collections;

public class SamplesArrayList2
{
    public class myReverserClass : IComparer
    {
        // Calls CaseInsensitiveComparer.Compare with the parameters reversed.
        int IComparer.Compare(Object x, Object y)
        {
            return ((new CaseInsensitiveComparer()).Compare(y, x));
        }
    }

    public static void Main()
    {
        // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
        ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
        myAL.Add("The");
        myAL.Add("quick");
        myAL.Add("brown");
        myAL.Add("fox");
        myAL.Add("jumps");
        myAL.Add("over");
        myAL.Add("the");
        myAL.Add("lazy");
        myAL.Add("dog");

        // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("The ArrayList initially contains the following values:");
        PrintIndexAndValues(myAL);

        // Sorts the values of the ArrayList using the default comparer.
        myAL.Sort();
        Console.WriteLine("After sorting with the default comparer:");
        PrintIndexAndValues(myAL);

        // Sorts the values of the ArrayList using the reverse case-insensitive comparer.
        IComparer myComparer = new myReverserClass();
        myAL.Sort(myComparer);
        Console.WriteLine("After sorting with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:");
        PrintIndexAndValues(myAL);
    }

    public static void PrintIndexAndValues(IEnumerable myList)
    {
        int i = 0;
        foreach (Object obj in myList)
            Console.WriteLine("\t[{0}]:\t{1}", i++, obj);
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}

/*
This code produces the following output.
The ArrayList initially contains the following values:
        [0]:    The
        [1]:    quick
        [2]:    brown
        [3]:    fox
        [4]:    jumps
        [5]:    over
        [6]:    the
        [7]:    lazy
        [8]:    dog

After sorting with the default comparer:
        [0]:    brown
        [1]:    dog
        [2]:    fox
        [3]:    jumps
        [4]:    lazy
        [5]:    over
        [6]:    quick
        [7]:    the
        [8]:    The

After sorting with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:
        [0]:    the
        [1]:    The
        [2]:    quick
        [3]:    over
        [4]:    lazy
        [5]:    jumps
        [6]:    fox
        [7]:    dog
        [8]:    brown
*/
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList

   Public Class myReverserClass
      Implements IComparer

      ' Calls CaseInsensitiveComparer.Compare with the parameters reversed.
      Public Function Compare( ByVal x As Object, ByVal y As Object) As Integer _
         Implements IComparer.Compare
         Return New CaseInsensitiveComparer().Compare(y, x)
      End Function 'IComparer.Compare

   End Class

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
      Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
      myAL.Add("The")
      myAL.Add("quick")
      myAL.Add("brown")
      myAL.Add("fox")
      myAL.Add("jumps")
      myAL.Add("over")
      myAL.Add("the")
      myAL.Add("lazy")
      myAL.Add("dog")

      ' Displays the values of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine("The ArrayList initially contains the following values:")
      PrintIndexAndValues(myAL)

      ' Sorts the values of the ArrayList using the default comparer.
      myAL.Sort()
      Console.WriteLine("After sorting with the default comparer:")
      PrintIndexAndValues(myAL)

      ' Sorts the values of the ArrayList using the reverse case-insensitive comparer.
      Dim myComparer = New myReverserClass()
      myAL.Sort(myComparer)
      Console.WriteLine("After sorting with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:")
      PrintIndexAndValues(myAL)

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myList As IEnumerable)
      Dim i As Integer = 0
      Dim obj As [Object]
      For Each obj In  myList
         Console.WriteLine(vbTab + "[{0}]:" + vbTab + "{1}", i, obj)
         i = i + 1
      Next obj
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'The ArrayList initially contains the following values:
'        [0]:    The
'        [1]:    quick
'        [2]:    brown
'        [3]:    fox
'        [4]:    jumps
'        [5]:    over
'        [6]:    the
'        [7]:    lazy
'        [8]:    dog
'
'After sorting with the default comparer:
'        [0]:    brown
'        [1]:    dog
'        [2]:    fox
'        [3]:    jumps
'        [4]:    lazy
'        [5]:    over
'        [6]:    quick
'        [7]:    the
'        [8]:    The
'
'After sorting with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:
'        [0]:    the
'        [1]:    The
'        [2]:    quick
'        [3]:    over
'        [4]:    lazy
'        [5]:    jumps
'        [6]:    fox
'        [7]:    dog
'        [8]:    brown

Comentarios

Use el Sort método para ordenar una lista de objetos con un comparador personalizado que implemente la IComparer interfaz . Si pasa null para comparer, este método usa la IComparable implementación de cada elemento. En este caso, debe asegurarse de que los objetos contenidos en la lista implementan la IComparer interfaz o se producirá una excepción.

Además, el uso de la IComparable implementación significa que la lista realiza una ordenación de comparación (también denominada ordenación inestable); es decir, si dos elementos son iguales, es posible que su orden no se conserve. Por el contrario, una ordenación estable conserva el orden de los elementos que son iguales. Para realizar una ordenación estable, debe implementar una interfaz personalizada IComparer .

En promedio, este método es una O(n log n) operación, donde n es Count; en el peor de los casos es una O(n^2) operación.

Consulte también

Se aplica a

Sort(Int32, Int32, IComparer)

Ordena los elementos en un intervalo de elementos de la matriz ArrayList usando el comparador especificado.

public:
 virtual void Sort(int index, int count, System::Collections::IComparer ^ comparer);
public virtual void Sort (int index, int count, System.Collections.IComparer comparer);
public virtual void Sort (int index, int count, System.Collections.IComparer? comparer);
abstract member Sort : int * int * System.Collections.IComparer -> unit
override this.Sort : int * int * System.Collections.IComparer -> unit
Public Overridable Sub Sort (index As Integer, count As Integer, comparer As IComparer)

Parámetros

index
Int32

Índice inicial de base cero del intervalo que se va a ordenar.

count
Int32

Longitud del intervalo que se va a ordenar.

comparer
IComparer

Implementación de IComparer que se va a usar al comparar elementos.

o bien Referencia nula (Nothing en Visual Basic) para usar la implementación de IComparable de cada elemento.

Excepciones

index es menor que cero.

O bien count es menor que cero.

index y count no especifican un intervalo válido en ArrayList.

ArrayList es de solo lectura.

Se produjo un error al comparar dos elementos.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se muestra cómo ordenar los valores de un intervalo de elementos de mediante ArrayList el comparador predeterminado y un comparador personalizado que invierte el criterio de ordenación.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable^ myList );
ref class myReverserClass: public IComparer
{
private:

   // Calls CaseInsensitiveComparer.Compare with the parameters reversed.
   virtual int Compare( Object^ x, Object^ y ) = IComparer::Compare
   {
      return ((gcnew CaseInsensitiveComparer)->Compare( y, x ));
   }

};

int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "The" );
   myAL->Add( "QUICK" );
   myAL->Add( "BROWN" );
   myAL->Add( "FOX" );
   myAL->Add( "jumps" );
   myAL->Add( "over" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "lazy" );
   myAL->Add( "dog" );
   
   // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myAL );
   
   // Sorts the values of the ArrayList using the default comparer.
   myAL->Sort( 1, 3, nullptr );
   Console::WriteLine( "After sorting from index 1 to index 3 with the default comparer:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myAL );
   
   // Sorts the values of the ArrayList using the reverse case-insensitive comparer.
   IComparer^ myComparer = gcnew myReverserClass;
   myAL->Sort( 1, 3, myComparer );
   Console::WriteLine( "After sorting from index 1 to index 3 with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myAL );
}

void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable^ myList )
{
   int i = 0;
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}", i++, obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.
The ArrayList initially contains the following values:
        [0]:    The
        [1]:    QUICK
        [2]:    BROWN
        [3]:    FOX
        [4]:    jumps
        [5]:    over
        [6]:    the
        [7]:    lazy
        [8]:    dog

After sorting from index 1 to index 3 with the default comparer:
        [0]:    The
        [1]:    BROWN
        [2]:    FOX
        [3]:    QUICK
        [4]:    jumps
        [5]:    over
        [6]:    the
        [7]:    lazy
        [8]:    dog

After sorting from index 1 to index 3 with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:
        [0]:    The
        [1]:    QUICK
        [2]:    FOX
        [3]:    BROWN
        [4]:    jumps
        [5]:    over
        [6]:    the
        [7]:    lazy
        [8]:    dog
*/
using System;
using System.Collections;

public class SamplesArrayList3
{
    public class myReverserClass : IComparer
    {
        // Calls CaseInsensitiveComparer.Compare with the parameters reversed.
        int IComparer.Compare(Object x, Object y)
        {
            return ((new CaseInsensitiveComparer()).Compare(y, x));
        }
    }

    public static void Main()
    {
        // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
        ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
        myAL.Add("The");
        myAL.Add("QUICK");
        myAL.Add("BROWN");
        myAL.Add("FOX");
        myAL.Add("jumps");
        myAL.Add("over");
        myAL.Add("the");
        myAL.Add("lazy");
        myAL.Add("dog");

        // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("The ArrayList initially contains the following values:");
        PrintIndexAndValues(myAL);

        // Sorts the values of the ArrayList using the default comparer.
        myAL.Sort(1, 3, null);
        Console.WriteLine("After sorting from index 1 to index 3 with the default comparer:");
        PrintIndexAndValues(myAL);

        // Sorts the values of the ArrayList using the reverse case-insensitive comparer.
        IComparer myComparer = new myReverserClass();
        myAL.Sort(1, 3, myComparer);
        Console.WriteLine("After sorting from index 1 to index 3 with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:");
        PrintIndexAndValues(myAL);
    }

    public static void PrintIndexAndValues(IEnumerable myList)
    {
        int i = 0;
        foreach (Object obj in myList)
            Console.WriteLine("\t[{0}]:\t{1}", i++, obj);
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}

/*
This code produces the following output.
The ArrayList initially contains the following values:
        [0]:    The
        [1]:    QUICK
        [2]:    BROWN
        [3]:    FOX
        [4]:    jumps
        [5]:    over
        [6]:    the
        [7]:    lazy
        [8]:    dog

After sorting from index 1 to index 3 with the default comparer:
        [0]:    The
        [1]:    BROWN
        [2]:    FOX
        [3]:    QUICK
        [4]:    jumps
        [5]:    over
        [6]:    the
        [7]:    lazy
        [8]:    dog

After sorting from index 1 to index 3 with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:
        [0]:    The
        [1]:    QUICK
        [2]:    FOX
        [3]:    BROWN
        [4]:    jumps
        [5]:    over
        [6]:    the
        [7]:    lazy
        [8]:    dog
*/
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList

   Public Class myReverserClass
      Implements IComparer

      ' Calls CaseInsensitiveComparer.Compare with the parameters reversed.
      Public Function Compare( ByVal x As Object, ByVal y As Object) As Integer _
         Implements IComparer.Compare
         Return New CaseInsensitiveComparer().Compare(y, x)
      End Function 'IComparer.Compare

   End Class

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
      Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
      myAL.Add("The")
      myAL.Add("QUICK")
      myAL.Add("BROWN")
      myAL.Add("FOX")
      myAL.Add("jumps")
      myAL.Add("over")
      myAL.Add("the")
      myAL.Add("lazy")
      myAL.Add("dog")

      ' Displays the values of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine("The ArrayList initially contains the following values:")
      PrintIndexAndValues(myAL)

      ' Sorts the values of the ArrayList using the default comparer.
      myAL.Sort(1, 3, Nothing)
      Console.WriteLine("After sorting from index 1 to index 3 with the default comparer:")
      PrintIndexAndValues(myAL)

      ' Sorts the values of the ArrayList using the reverse case-insensitive comparer.
      Dim myComparer = New myReverserClass()
      myAL.Sort(1, 3, myComparer)
      Console.WriteLine("After sorting from index 1 to index 3 with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:")
      PrintIndexAndValues(myAL)

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myList As IEnumerable)
      Dim i As Integer = 0
      Dim obj As [Object]
      For Each obj In  myList
         Console.WriteLine(vbTab + "[{0}]:" + vbTab + "{1}", i, obj)
         i = i + 1
      Next obj
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'The ArrayList initially contains the following values:
'        [0]:    The
'        [1]:    QUICK
'        [2]:    BROWN
'        [3]:    FOX
'        [4]:    jumps
'        [5]:    over
'        [6]:    the
'        [7]:    lazy
'        [8]:    dog
'
'After sorting from index 1 to index 3 with the default comparer:
'        [0]:    The
'        [1]:    BROWN
'        [2]:    FOX
'        [3]:    QUICK
'        [4]:    jumps
'        [5]:    over
'        [6]:    the
'        [7]:    lazy
'        [8]:    dog
'
'After sorting from index 1 to index 3 with the reverse case-insensitive comparer:
'        [0]:    The
'        [1]:    QUICK
'        [2]:    FOX
'        [3]:    BROWN
'        [4]:    jumps
'        [5]:    over
'        [6]:    the
'        [7]:    lazy
'        [8]:    dog

Comentarios

Si comparer se establece nullen , este método realiza una ordenación de comparación (también denominada ordenación inestable); es decir, si dos elementos son iguales, es posible que su orden no se conserve. Por el contrario, una ordenación estable conserva el orden de los elementos que son iguales. Para realizar una ordenación estable, debe implementar una interfaz personalizada IComparer .

En promedio, este método es una O(n log n) operación, donde n es count; en el peor de los casos es una O(n^2) operación.

Consulte también

Se aplica a