CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes) CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes) CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes) CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes) Method

Definición

Obtiene la lista de referencias culturales admitidas filtradas por el parámetro CultureTypes especificado.Gets the list of supported cultures filtered by the specified CultureTypes parameter.

public:
 static cli::array <System::Globalization::CultureInfo ^> ^ GetCultures(System::Globalization::CultureTypes types);
public static System.Globalization.CultureInfo[] GetCultures (System.Globalization.CultureTypes types);
static member GetCultures : System.Globalization.CultureTypes -> System.Globalization.CultureInfo[]
Public Shared Function GetCultures (types As CultureTypes) As CultureInfo()

Parámetros

types
CultureTypes CultureTypes CultureTypes CultureTypes

Combinación bit a bit de los valores de la enumeración que filtran las referencias culturales que se van a obtener.A bitwise combination of the enumeration values that filter the cultures to retrieve.

Devoluciones

Matriz que contiene las referencias culturales especificadas por el parámetro types.An array that contains the cultures specified by the types parameter. La matriz de referencias culturales no está ordenada.The array of cultures is unsorted.

Excepciones

types especifica una combinación no válida de valores de CultureTypes.types specifies an invalid combination of CultureTypes values.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se muestran varias propiedades de las referencias culturales neutras.The following code example displays several properties of the neutral cultures.

Nota

En el ejemplo se muestran las referencias culturales ZH-CHS y ZH-CHT con los identificadores de referencia cultural 0x0004 y 0x7C04, respectivamente.The example displays the zh-CHS and zh-CHT cultures with the 0x0004 and 0x7C04 culture identifiers, respectively. Sin embargo, las aplicaciones de Windows Vista deben usar el nombre ZH-Hans en lugar de ZH-CHS y el nombre ZH-hant en lugar de ZH-CHT.However, your Windows Vista applications should use the zh-Hans name instead of zh-CHS and the zh-Hant name instead of zh-CHT. Los nombres ZH-Hans y ZH-hant representan el estándar actual y deben usarse a menos que tenga una razón para usar los nombres anteriores.The zh-Hans and zh-Hant names represent the current standard, and should be used unless you have a reason for using the older names.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
int main()
{
   
   // Displays several properties of the neutral cultures.
   Console::WriteLine( "CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME" );
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ enum0 = CultureInfo::GetCultures( CultureTypes::NeutralCultures )->GetEnumerator();
   while ( enum0->MoveNext() )
   {
      CultureInfo^ ci = safe_cast<CultureInfo^>(enum0->Current);
      Console::Write( "{0,-7}", ci->Name );
      Console::Write( " {0,-3}", ci->TwoLetterISOLanguageName );
      Console::Write( " {0,-3}", ci->ThreeLetterISOLanguageName );
      Console::Write( " {0,-3}", ci->ThreeLetterWindowsLanguageName );
      Console::Write( " {0,-40}", ci->DisplayName );
      Console::WriteLine( " {0,-40}", ci->EnglishName );
   }
}

/*
This code produces the following output.  This output has been cropped for brevity.

CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME
ar      ar  ara ARA Arabic                                   Arabic                                  
bg      bg  bul BGR Bulgarian                                Bulgarian                               
ca      ca  cat CAT Catalan                                  Catalan                                 
zh-Hans zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified)                     Chinese (Simplified)                    
cs      cs  ces CSY Czech                                    Czech                                   
da      da  dan DAN Danish                                   Danish                                  
de      de  deu DEU German                                   German                                  
el      el  ell ELL Greek                                    Greek                                   
en      en  eng ENU English                                  English                                 
es      es  spa ESP Spanish                                  Spanish                                 
fi      fi  fin FIN Finnish                                  Finnish                                 
zh      zh  zho CHS Chinese                                  Chinese                                 
zh-Hant zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional)                    Chinese (Traditional)                   
zh-CHS  zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified) Legacy              Chinese (Simplified) Legacy             
zh-CHT  zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional) Legacy             Chinese (Traditional) Legacy            

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCultureInfo
{

   public static void Main()
   {

      // Displays several properties of the neutral cultures.
      Console.WriteLine("CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME");
      foreach (CultureInfo ci in CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes.NeutralCultures))
      {
         Console.Write("{0,-7}", ci.Name);
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.TwoLetterISOLanguageName);
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.ThreeLetterISOLanguageName);
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.ThreeLetterWindowsLanguageName);
         Console.Write(" {0,-40}", ci.DisplayName);
         Console.WriteLine(" {0,-40}", ci.EnglishName);
      }

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.  This output has been cropped for brevity.

CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME
ar      ar  ara ARA Arabic                                   Arabic                                  
bg      bg  bul BGR Bulgarian                                Bulgarian                               
ca      ca  cat CAT Catalan                                  Catalan                                 
zh-Hans zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified)                     Chinese (Simplified)                    
cs      cs  ces CSY Czech                                    Czech                                   
da      da  dan DAN Danish                                   Danish                                  
de      de  deu DEU German                                   German                                  
el      el  ell ELL Greek                                    Greek                                   
en      en  eng ENU English                                  English                                 
es      es  spa ESP Spanish                                  Spanish                                 
fi      fi  fin FIN Finnish                                  Finnish                                 
zh      zh  zho CHS Chinese                                  Chinese                                 
zh-Hant zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional)                    Chinese (Traditional)                   
zh-CHS  zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified) Legacy              Chinese (Simplified) Legacy             
zh-CHT  zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional) Legacy             Chinese (Traditional) Legacy            

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Module Module1

   Public Sub Main()

      ' Displays several properties of the neutral cultures.
      Console.WriteLine("CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME")
      Dim ci As CultureInfo
      For Each ci In CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes.NeutralCultures)
         Console.Write("{0,-7}", ci.Name)
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.TwoLetterISOLanguageName)
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.ThreeLetterISOLanguageName)
         Console.Write(" {0,-3}", ci.ThreeLetterWindowsLanguageName)
         Console.Write(" {0,-40}", ci.DisplayName)
         Console.WriteLine(" {0,-40}", ci.EnglishName)
      Next ci

   End Sub



'This code produces the following output.  This output has been cropped for brevity.
'
'CULTURE ISO ISO WIN DISPLAYNAME                              ENGLISHNAME
'ar      ar  ara ARA Arabic                                   Arabic                                  
'bg      bg  bul BGR Bulgarian                                Bulgarian                               
'ca      ca  cat CAT Catalan                                  Catalan                                 
'zh-Hans zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified)                     Chinese (Simplified)                    
'cs      cs  ces CSY Czech                                    Czech                                   
'da      da  dan DAN Danish                                   Danish                                  
'de      de  deu DEU German                                   German                                  
'el      el  ell ELL Greek                                    Greek                                   
'en      en  eng ENU English                                  English                                 
'es      es  spa ESP Spanish                                  Spanish                                 
'fi      fi  fin FIN Finnish                                  Finnish                                 
'zh      zh  zho CHS Chinese                                  Chinese                                 
'zh-Hant zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional)                    Chinese (Traditional)                   
'zh-CHS  zh  zho CHS Chinese (Simplified) Legacy              Chinese (Simplified) Legacy             
'zh-CHT  zh  zho CHT Chinese (Traditional) Legacy             Chinese (Traditional) Legacy            

End Module

Comentarios

Normalmente GetCultures , se llama al método con el types parámetro establecido en los valores siguientes:The GetCultures method is most commonly called with the types parameter set to the following values:

  • SpecificCultures, que devuelve todas las referencias culturales específicas.SpecificCultures, which returns all specific cultures.

  • NeutralCultures, que devuelve todas las referencias culturales neutras y la referencia cultural de todos los idiomas.NeutralCultures, which returns all neutral cultures and the invariant culture.

  • AllCultures, que devuelve todas las referencias culturales neutras y específicas, las referencias culturales instaladas en el sistema de Windows y las referencias culturales personalizadas creadas por el usuario.AllCultures, which returns all neutral and specific cultures, cultures installed in the Windows system, and custom cultures created by the user.

  • UserCustomCulture, que devuelve todas las referencias culturales personalizadas, como las registradas CultureAndRegionInfoBuilder por la clase.UserCustomCulture, which returns all custom cultures, such as those registered by the CultureAndRegionInfoBuilder class. En las versiones de Windows anteriores a Windows 10 UserCustomCulture , el valor se aplica a todas las referencias culturales personalizadas definidas por el usuario.In versions of Windows before Windows 10, the UserCustomCulture value applies to all user-defined custom cultures. A partir de Windows 10, se aplica a las referencias culturales del sistema que carecen de datos culturales completos y que no tienen un identificador local único, LCID como se indica en el valor de propiedad.Starting with Windows 10, it applies to system cultures that lack complete cultural data and that do not have a unique local identifier, as indicated by the LCID property value. Como resultado, el código como el siguiente devolverá resultados diferentes cuando se ejecuten en Windows 10 y en una versión anterior de Windows.As a result, code such as the following will return different results when run on Windows 10 and on an earlier version of Windows.

    using System;
    using System.Globalization;
    
    public class Example
    {
       public static void Main()
       {
           CultureInfo[] cultures = CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture |
                                                            CultureTypes.SpecificCultures);
          int ctr = 0;
          foreach (var culture in cultures)
             if ((culture.CultureTypes & CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture) == CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture)
                ctr++;
    
          Console.WriteLine("Number of Specific Custom Cultures: {0}", ctr);
       }
    }
    // If run under Windows 8, the example displays output like the following:
    //      Number of Specific Custom Cultures: 6
    // If run under Windows 10, the example displays output like the following:
    //      Number of Specific Custom Cultures: 279
    
    Imports System.Globalization
    
    Module Example
       Sub Main()
           Dim cultures() As CultureInfo = CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture Or
                                                                   CultureTypes.SpecificCultures)
          Dim ctr As Integer = 0
          For Each culture In cultures
             If (culture.CultureTypes And CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture) = CultureTypes.UserCustomCulture Then
                ctr += 1
             End If
          Next
          Console.WriteLine("Number of Specific Custom Cultures: {0}", ctr)
       End Sub
    End Module
    ' If run under Windows 8, the example displays output like the following:
    '      Number of Specific Custom Cultures: 6
    ' If run under Windows 10, the example displays output like the following:
    '      Number of Specific Custom Cultures: 279
    

Se aplica a

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