SocketPermission SocketPermission SocketPermission SocketPermission Class

Definición

Controla los derechos para realizar o aceptar conexiones en una dirección de transporte.Controls rights to make or accept connections on a transport address.

public ref class SocketPermission sealed : System::Security::CodeAccessPermission, System::Security::Permissions::IUnrestrictedPermission
[System.Serializable]
public sealed class SocketPermission : System.Security.CodeAccessPermission, System.Security.Permissions.IUnrestrictedPermission
type SocketPermission = class
    inherit CodeAccessPermission
    interface IUnrestrictedPermission
Public NotInheritable Class SocketPermission
Inherits CodeAccessPermission
Implements IUnrestrictedPermission
Herencia
Atributos
Implementaciones

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo siguiente se muestra cómo utilizar SocketPermission la clase para establecer, cambiar y aplicar varias restricciones de acceso a Sockets.The following example demonstrates how to use the SocketPermission class to set, change, and enforce various socket access restrictions.

// Creates a SocketPermission restricting access to and from all URIs.
SocketPermission^ mySocketPermission1 = gcnew SocketPermission( PermissionState::None );

// The socket to which this permission will apply will allow connections from www.contoso.com.
mySocketPermission1->AddPermission( NetworkAccess::Accept, TransportType::Tcp,  "www.contoso.com", 11000 );

// Creates a SocketPermission which will allow the target Socket to connect with www.southridgevideo.com.
SocketPermission^ mySocketPermission2 = gcnew SocketPermission( NetworkAccess::Connect,TransportType::Tcp, "www.southridgevideo.com",11002 );

// Creates a SocketPermission from the union of two SocketPermissions.
SocketPermission^ mySocketPermissionUnion =
   (SocketPermission^)( mySocketPermission1->Union( mySocketPermission2 ) );

// Checks to see if the union was successfully created by using the IsSubsetOf method.
if ( mySocketPermission1->IsSubsetOf( mySocketPermissionUnion ) &&
   mySocketPermission2->IsSubsetOf( mySocketPermissionUnion ) )
{
   Console::WriteLine(  "This union contains permissions from both mySocketPermission1 and mySocketPermission2" );
   
   // Prints the allowable accept URIs to the console.
   Console::WriteLine(  "This union accepts connections on :" );

   IEnumerator^ myEnumerator = mySocketPermissionUnion->AcceptList;
   while ( myEnumerator->MoveNext() )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( safe_cast<EndpointPermission^>( myEnumerator->Current )->ToString() );
   }
   
   // Prints the allowable connect URIs to the console.
   Console::WriteLine(  "This union permits connections to :" );

   myEnumerator = mySocketPermissionUnion->ConnectList;
   while ( myEnumerator->MoveNext() )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( safe_cast<EndpointPermission^>( myEnumerator->Current )->ToString() );
   }
}

// Creates a SocketPermission from the intersect of two SocketPermissions.
SocketPermission^ mySocketPermissionIntersect =
   (SocketPermission^)( mySocketPermission1->Intersect( mySocketPermissionUnion ) );

// mySocketPermissionIntersect should now contain the permissions of mySocketPermission1.
if ( mySocketPermission1->IsSubsetOf( mySocketPermissionIntersect ) )
{
   Console::WriteLine(  "This is expected" );
}

// mySocketPermissionIntersect should not contain the permissios of mySocketPermission2.
if ( mySocketPermission2->IsSubsetOf( mySocketPermissionIntersect ) )
{
   Console::WriteLine(  "This should not print" );
}

// Creates a copy of the intersect SocketPermission.
SocketPermission^ mySocketPermissionIntersectCopy =
   (SocketPermission^)( mySocketPermissionIntersect->Copy() );
if ( mySocketPermissionIntersectCopy->Equals( mySocketPermissionIntersect ) )
{
   Console::WriteLine(  "Copy successfull" );
}

// Converts a SocketPermission to XML format and then immediately converts it back to a SocketPermission.
mySocketPermission1->FromXml( mySocketPermission1->ToXml() );

// Checks to see if permission for this socket resource is unrestricted.  If it is, then there is no need to
// demand that permissions be enforced.
if ( mySocketPermissionUnion->IsUnrestricted() )
{
   //Do nothing.  There are no restrictions.
}
else
{
   // Enforces the permissions found in mySocketPermissionUnion on any Socket Resources used below this statement. 
   mySocketPermissionUnion->Demand();
}

IPHostEntry^ myIpHostEntry = Dns::Resolve(  "www.contoso.com" );
IPEndPoint^ myLocalEndPoint = gcnew IPEndPoint( myIpHostEntry->AddressList[ 0 ], 11000 );

Socket^ s = gcnew Socket( myLocalEndPoint->Address->AddressFamily,
   SocketType::Stream,
   ProtocolType::Tcp );
try
{
   s->Connect( myLocalEndPoint );
}
catch ( Exception^ e ) 
{
   Console::Write(  "Exception Thrown: " );
   Console::WriteLine( e->ToString() );
}

// Perform all socket operations in here.
s->Close();

     // Creates a SocketPermission restricting access to and from all URIs.
     SocketPermission mySocketPermission1 = new SocketPermission(PermissionState.None);

     // The socket to which this permission will apply will allow connections from www.contoso.com.
     mySocketPermission1.AddPermission(NetworkAccess.Accept, TransportType.Tcp, "www.contoso.com", 11000);

     // Creates a SocketPermission which will allow the target Socket to connect with www.southridgevideo.com.
     SocketPermission mySocketPermission2 =
                                new SocketPermission(NetworkAccess.Connect, TransportType.Tcp, "www.southridgevideo.com", 11002);

     // Creates a SocketPermission from the union of two SocketPermissions.
     SocketPermission mySocketPermissionUnion = 
                                (SocketPermission)mySocketPermission1.Union(mySocketPermission2);

     // Checks to see if the union was successfully created by using the IsSubsetOf method.
     if (mySocketPermission1.IsSubsetOf(mySocketPermissionUnion) && 
     	   mySocketPermission2.IsSubsetOf(mySocketPermissionUnion)){
          Console.WriteLine("This union contains permissions from both mySocketPermission1 and mySocketPermission2"); 

          // Prints the allowable accept URIs to the console.
          Console.WriteLine("This union accepts connections on :");

          IEnumerator myEnumerator = mySocketPermissionUnion.AcceptList;
	   while (myEnumerator.MoveNext()) {
               Console.WriteLine(((EndpointPermission)myEnumerator.Current).ToString());
	        }      

             // Prints the allowable connect URIs to the console.
          Console.WriteLine("This union permits connections to :");

          myEnumerator = mySocketPermissionUnion.ConnectList;
	   while (myEnumerator.MoveNext()) {
               Console.WriteLine(((EndpointPermission)myEnumerator.Current).ToString());
	        }      

           }


     // Creates a SocketPermission from the intersect of two SocketPermissions.
     SocketPermission mySocketPermissionIntersect = 
                               (SocketPermission)mySocketPermission1.Intersect(mySocketPermissionUnion);

     // mySocketPermissionIntersect should now contain the permissions of mySocketPermission1.
     if (mySocketPermission1.IsSubsetOf(mySocketPermissionIntersect)){
          Console.WriteLine("This is expected");
     }
    // mySocketPermissionIntersect should not contain the permissios of mySocketPermission2.
     if (mySocketPermission2.IsSubsetOf(mySocketPermissionIntersect)){
          Console.WriteLine("This should not print");
     }



// Creates a copy of the intersect SocketPermission.
     SocketPermission mySocketPermissionIntersectCopy = 
                               (SocketPermission)mySocketPermissionIntersect.Copy();

     if (mySocketPermissionIntersectCopy.Equals(mySocketPermissionIntersect)){
     Console.WriteLine("Copy successfull");
     }


     // Converts a SocketPermission to XML format and then immediately converts it back to a SocketPermission.
     mySocketPermission1.FromXml(mySocketPermission1.ToXml());
     

     // Checks to see if permission for this socket resource is unrestricted.  If it is, then there is no need to
     // demand that permissions be enforced.
     if (mySocketPermissionUnion.IsUnrestricted()){
     	
          //Do nothing.  There are no restrictions.

     }
     else{
         // Enforces the permissions found in mySocketPermissionUnion on any Socket Resources used below this statement. 
         mySocketPermissionUnion.Demand();
     }

	IPHostEntry myIpHostEntry = Dns.Resolve("www.contoso.com");
	IPEndPoint myLocalEndPoint = new IPEndPoint(myIpHostEntry.AddressList[0], 11000);

       Socket s = new Socket(myLocalEndPoint.Address.AddressFamily,
       	                           SocketType.Stream,
                                         ProtocolType.Tcp);
       try{
            s.Connect(myLocalEndPoint);
       }
       catch (Exception e){
            Console.WriteLine("Exception Thrown: " + e.ToString());
       } 

      // Perform all socket operations in here.
      
      s.Close();
   ' Creates a SocketPermission restricting access to and from all URIs.
   Dim mySocketPermission1 As New SocketPermission(PermissionState.None)
   
   ' The socket to which this permission will apply will allow connections from www.contoso.com.
   mySocketPermission1.AddPermission(NetworkAccess.Accept, TransportType.Tcp, "www.contoso.com", 11000)
   
   ' Creates a SocketPermission which will allow the target Socket to connect with www.southridgevideo.com.
   Dim mySocketPermission2 As New SocketPermission(NetworkAccess.Connect, TransportType.Tcp, "www.southridgevideo.com", 11002)
   
   ' Creates a SocketPermission from the union of two SocketPermissions.
   Dim mySocketPermissionUnion As SocketPermission = CType(mySocketPermission1.Union(mySocketPermission2), SocketPermission)
   
   ' Checks to see if the union was successfully created by using the IsSubsetOf method.
   If mySocketPermission1.IsSubsetOf(mySocketPermissionUnion) And mySocketPermission2.IsSubsetOf(mySocketPermissionUnion) Then
      Console.WriteLine("This union contains permissions from both mySocketPermission1 and mySocketPermission2")
      
      ' Prints the allowable accept URIs to the console.
      Console.WriteLine("This union accepts connections on :")
      
      Dim myEnumerator As IEnumerator = mySocketPermissionUnion.AcceptList
      While myEnumerator.MoveNext()
         Console.WriteLine(CType(myEnumerator.Current, EndpointPermission).ToString())
      End While
      
      Console.WriteLine("This union establishes connections on : ")
      
      ' Prints the allowable connect URIs to the console.
      Console.WriteLine("This union permits connections to :")
      
      myEnumerator = mySocketPermissionUnion.ConnectList
      While myEnumerator.MoveNext()
         Console.WriteLine(CType(myEnumerator.Current, EndpointPermission).ToString())
      End While
   End If 
   ' Creates a SocketPermission from the intersect of two SocketPermissions.
   Dim mySocketPermissionIntersect As SocketPermission = CType(mySocketPermission1.Intersect(mySocketPermissionUnion), SocketPermission)
   
   ' mySocketPermissionIntersect should now contain the permissions of mySocketPermission1.
   If mySocketPermission1.IsSubsetOf(mySocketPermissionIntersect) Then
      Console.WriteLine("This is expected")
   End If
   ' mySocketPermissionIntersect should not contain the permissios of mySocketPermission2.
   If mySocketPermission2.IsSubsetOf(mySocketPermissionIntersect) Then
      Console.WriteLine("This should not print")
   End If
   
   ' Creates a copy of the intersect SocketPermission.
   Dim mySocketPermissionIntersectCopy As SocketPermission = CType(mySocketPermissionIntersect.Copy(), SocketPermission)
   
   If mySocketPermissionIntersectCopy.Equals(mySocketPermissionIntersect) Then
      Console.WriteLine("Copy successfull")
   End If
   ' Converts a SocketPermission to XML format and then immediately converts it back to a SocketPermission.
   mySocketPermission1.FromXml(mySocketPermission1.ToXml())
   
   
   ' Checks to see if permission for this socket resource is unrestricted.  If it is, then there is no need to
   ' demand that permissions be enforced.
   If mySocketPermissionUnion.IsUnrestricted() Then
   
   'Do nothing.  There are no restrictions.
   Else
      ' Enforces the permissions found in mySocketPermissionUnion on any Socket Resources used below this statement. 
      mySocketPermissionUnion.Demand()
   End If
   
   Dim myIpHostEntry As IPHostEntry = Dns.Resolve("www.contoso.com")
   Dim myLocalEndPoint As New IPEndPoint(myIpHostEntry.AddressList(0), 11000)
   
   Dim s As New Socket(myLocalEndPoint.Address.AddressFamily, SocketType.Stream, ProtocolType.Tcp)
   Try
      s.Connect(myLocalEndPoint)
   Catch e As Exception
      Console.WriteLine(("Exception Thrown: " + e.ToString()))
   End Try
   
   ' Perform all socket operations in here.
   s.Close()
End Sub

Comentarios

SocketPermissionlas instancias controlan el permiso para aceptar Socket conexiones o iniciar conexiones.SocketPermission instances control permission to accept connections or initiate Socket connections. Se Socket puede establecer un permiso para un nombre de host o una dirección IP, un número de puerto y un protocolo de transporte.A Socket permission can be established for a host name or IP address, a port number, and a transport protocol.

Nota

Evite crear permisos de socket mediante nombres de host, ya que estos nombres deben resolverse en direcciones IP y esto podría bloquear la pila.Avoid creating socket permissions using host names, as these names have to be resolved to IP addresses, and this might block the stack.

Constructores

SocketPermission(NetworkAccess, TransportType, String, Int32) SocketPermission(NetworkAccess, TransportType, String, Int32) SocketPermission(NetworkAccess, TransportType, String, Int32) SocketPermission(NetworkAccess, TransportType, String, Int32)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase SocketPermission para la dirección de transporte dada con el permiso especificado.Initializes a new instance of the SocketPermission class for the given transport address with the specified permission.

SocketPermission(PermissionState) SocketPermission(PermissionState) SocketPermission(PermissionState) SocketPermission(PermissionState)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase SocketPermission que permite acceso DNS no restringido a Socket o lo deniega a Socket.Initializes a new instance of the SocketPermission class that allows unrestricted access to the Socket or disallows access to the Socket.

Campos

AllPorts AllPorts AllPorts AllPorts

Define una constante que representa todos los puertos.Defines a constant that represents all ports.

Propiedades

AcceptList AcceptList AcceptList AcceptList

Obtiene una lista de instancias de EndpointPermission que identifican los extremos que se pueden aceptar bajo esta instancia de permiso.Gets a list of EndpointPermission instances that identifies the endpoints that can be accepted under this permission instance.

ConnectList ConnectList ConnectList ConnectList

Obtiene una lista de instancias de EndpointPermission que identifican los extremos con los que se puede establecer una conexión bajo esta instancia de permiso.Gets a list of EndpointPermission instances that identifies the endpoints that can be connected to under this permission instance.

Métodos

AddPermission(NetworkAccess, TransportType, String, Int32) AddPermission(NetworkAccess, TransportType, String, Int32) AddPermission(NetworkAccess, TransportType, String, Int32) AddPermission(NetworkAccess, TransportType, String, Int32)

Agrega un permiso al conjunto de permisos para una dirección de transporte.Adds a permission to the set of permissions for a transport address.

Assert() Assert() Assert() Assert()

Declara que el código de llamada puede tener acceso al recurso protegido por una demanda de permiso a través del código que llama a este método, incluso si los autores de la llamada situados en una posición más alta de la pila no tienen permiso para tener acceso al recurso.Declares that the calling code can access the resource protected by a permission demand through the code that calls this method, even if callers higher in the stack have not been granted permission to access the resource. El uso de Assert() puede crear problemas de seguridad.Using Assert() can create security issues.

(Inherited from CodeAccessPermission)
Copy() Copy() Copy() Copy()

Crea una copia de una instancia de SocketPermission.Creates a copy of a SocketPermission instance.

Demand() Demand() Demand() Demand()

Fuerza SecurityException en tiempo de ejecución si todos los llamadores situados en la pila de llamadas no disponen del permiso especificado por la instancia actual.Forces a SecurityException at run time if all callers higher in the call stack have not been granted the permission specified by the current instance.

(Inherited from CodeAccessPermission)
Deny() Deny() Deny() Deny()

Evita que los llamadores situados en la parte superior de la pila de llamadas utilicen el código que llama a este método para obtener acceso al recurso especificado por la instancia actual.Prevents callers higher in the call stack from using the code that calls this method to access the resource specified by the current instance.

(Inherited from CodeAccessPermission)
Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determina si el objeto CodeAccessPermission especificado es igual al objeto CodeAccessPermission actual.Determines whether the specified CodeAccessPermission object is equal to the current CodeAccessPermission.

(Inherited from CodeAccessPermission)
FromXml(SecurityElement) FromXml(SecurityElement) FromXml(SecurityElement) FromXml(SecurityElement)

Reconstruye una instancia de SocketPermission para una codificación XML.Reconstructs a SocketPermission instance for an XML encoding.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Obtiene un código hash para el objeto CodeAccessPermission que es adecuado para su uso en algoritmos hash y estructuras de datos como una tabla hash.Gets a hash code for the CodeAccessPermission object that is suitable for use in hashing algorithms and data structures such as a hash table.

(Inherited from CodeAccessPermission)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Obtiene el Type de la instancia actual.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
Intersect(IPermission) Intersect(IPermission) Intersect(IPermission) Intersect(IPermission)

Devuelve la intersección lógica entre dos instancias de SocketPermission.Returns the logical intersection between two SocketPermission instances.

IsSubsetOf(IPermission) IsSubsetOf(IPermission) IsSubsetOf(IPermission) IsSubsetOf(IPermission)

Determina si el permiso actual es un subconjunto del permiso especificado.Determines if the current permission is a subset of the specified permission.

IsUnrestricted() IsUnrestricted() IsUnrestricted() IsUnrestricted()

Comprueba el estado de permiso global del objeto.Checks the overall permission state of the object.

MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Crea una copia superficial del objeto Object actual.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
PermitOnly() PermitOnly() PermitOnly() PermitOnly()

Evita que los llamadores situados en la parte superior de la pila de llamadas utilicen el código que llama a este método para obtener acceso a todos los recursos con la excepción del recurso especificado por la instancia actual.Prevents callers higher in the call stack from using the code that calls this method to access all resources except for the resource specified by the current instance.

(Inherited from CodeAccessPermission)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Crea y devuelve una cadena que representa el objeto de permiso actual.Creates and returns a string representation of the current permission object.

(Inherited from CodeAccessPermission)
ToXml() ToXml() ToXml() ToXml()

Crea una codificación XML de una instancia de SocketPermission y su estado actual.Creates an XML encoding of a SocketPermission instance and its current state.

Union(IPermission) Union(IPermission) Union(IPermission) Union(IPermission)

Devuelve la unión lógica entre dos instancias de SocketPermission.Returns the logical union between two SocketPermission instances.

Implementaciones de interfaz explícitas

IPermission.Demand() IPermission.Demand() IPermission.Demand() IPermission.Demand() Inherited from CodeAccessPermission
IStackWalk.Assert() IStackWalk.Assert() IStackWalk.Assert() IStackWalk.Assert() Inherited from CodeAccessPermission
IStackWalk.Demand() IStackWalk.Demand() IStackWalk.Demand() IStackWalk.Demand() Inherited from CodeAccessPermission
IStackWalk.Deny() IStackWalk.Deny() IStackWalk.Deny() IStackWalk.Deny() Inherited from CodeAccessPermission
IStackWalk.PermitOnly() IStackWalk.PermitOnly() IStackWalk.PermitOnly() IStackWalk.PermitOnly() Inherited from CodeAccessPermission

Se aplica a