EnumMemberAttribute EnumMemberAttribute EnumMemberAttribute EnumMemberAttribute Class

Definición

Especifica que el campo es un miembro de enumeración y se debe serializar.Specifies that the field is an enumeration member and should be serialized.

public ref class EnumMemberAttribute sealed : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Field, AllowMultiple=false, Inherited=false)]
public sealed class EnumMemberAttribute : Attribute
type EnumMemberAttribute = class
    inherit Attribute
Public NotInheritable Class EnumMemberAttribute
Inherits Attribute
Herencia
EnumMemberAttributeEnumMemberAttributeEnumMemberAttributeEnumMemberAttribute
Atributos

Ejemplos

En el siguiente ejemplo, se muestra EnumMemberAttribute aplicado a los miembros de una enumeración.The following example shows EnumMemberAttribute applied to members of an enumeration.

[DataContract]
public enum Position
{
    [EnumMember(Value = "Emp")]
    Employee,
    [EnumMember(Value = "Mgr")]
    Manager,
    [EnumMember(Value = "Ctr")]
    Contractor,
    NotASerializableEnumeration
}

[DataContract]
public class Person : IExtensibleDataObject
{
    public Person(string firstNameValue, string lastNameValue)
    {
        LastName = firstNameValue;
        FirstName = lastNameValue;
    }

    private ExtensionDataObject extensioDataValue;
    public ExtensionDataObject ExtensionData
    {
        get { return extensioDataValue; }
        set { extensioDataValue = value; }
    }

    [DataMember]
    internal string FirstName;
    [DataMember]
    internal string LastName;
    [DataMember]
    internal Position Description;
}

public sealed class Test
{
    private Test() { }
    static void Main()
    {

        try
        {

            Test t = new Test();
            t.Serialize("Enum.xml");
            Console.WriteLine("Done");
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
        catch (SerializationException  exc)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(exc.Message);
            Console.ReadLine();

        }

    }



    private void Serialize(string path)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Serializing...");
        Person p = new Person("Denise", "Smith");
        p.Description = Position.Manager;

        FileStream fs = new FileStream(path, FileMode.Create);

        try
        {
            DataContractSerializer ser =
                new DataContractSerializer(typeof(Person));
            ser.WriteObject(fs, p);
            Console.WriteLine("Done");
        }
        catch (SerializationException exc)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(exc.Message);
            Console.WriteLine(exc.StackTrace);
        }
        finally
        {
            fs.Close();
        }
    }
}
<DataContract()>  _
Public Enum Position
    <EnumMember(Value:="Emp")> Employee
    <EnumMember(Value:="Mgr")> Manager
    <EnumMember(Value:="Ctr")> Contractor
    NotASerializableEnumeration
    
End Enum 

<DataContract()>  _
Public Class Person
    Implements IExtensibleDataObject
    
    Public Sub New(ByVal firstNameValue As String, _
       ByVal lastNameValue As String) 
        LastName = firstNameValue
        FirstName = lastNameValue
    
    End Sub 
    
    Private extensioDataValue As ExtensionDataObject 
    
    Public Property ExtensionData() As ExtensionDataObject _
       Implements IExtensibleDataObject.ExtensionData
        Get
            Return extensioDataValue
        End Get
        Set
            extensioDataValue = value
        End Set
    End Property 

    <DataMember()>  _
    Friend FirstName As String

    <DataMember()>  _
    Friend LastName As String

    <DataMember()>  _
    Friend Description As Position

End Class 


NotInheritable Public Class Test
    
    Private Sub New() 
    
    End Sub
    
    Shared Sub Main() 
        WriteObject("Enum.xml")
        Console.ReadLine()
    
    End Sub 
    
    
    Shared Sub WriteObject(ByVal path As String) 
        Console.WriteLine("Writing...")
        Dim p As New Person("Denise", "Smith")
        p.Description = Position.Manager
        
        Dim fs As New FileStream(path, FileMode.Create)
        
        Try
            Dim ser As New DataContractSerializer(GetType(Person))
            ser.WriteObject(fs, p)
            Console.WriteLine("Done")
        Catch exc As SerializationException
            Console.WriteLine(exc.Message)
            Console.WriteLine(exc.StackTrace)
        Finally
            fs.Close()
        End Try
    
    End Sub 
End Class 

Comentarios

EnumMemberAttribute habilita un control preciso de los nombres de las enumeraciones a medida que se serializan.The EnumMemberAttribute enables fine control of the names of the enumerations as they are serialized.

Para usar EnumMemberAttribute, cree una enumeración y aplique el atributo DataContractAttribute a la enumeración.To use EnumMemberAttribute, create an enumeration and apply the DataContractAttribute attribute to the enumeration. A continuación, aplique el atributo EnumMemberAttribute a cada miembro que deba estar en la secuencia de la serialización.Then apply the EnumMemberAttribute attribute to each member that needs to be in the serialization stream.

Constructores

EnumMemberAttribute() EnumMemberAttribute() EnumMemberAttribute() EnumMemberAttribute()

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase EnumMemberAttribute.Initializes a new instance of the EnumMemberAttribute class.

Propiedades

IsValueSetExplicitly IsValueSetExplicitly IsValueSetExplicitly IsValueSetExplicitly

Obtiene si Value se estableció explícitamente.Gets whether the Value has been explicitly set.

TypeId TypeId TypeId TypeId

Cuando se implementa en una clase derivada, obtiene un identificador único para este Attribute.When implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute.

(Inherited from Attribute)
Value Value Value Value

Obtiene o establece el valor asociado al miembro de enumeración al que se aplica el atributo.Gets or sets the value associated with the enumeration member the attribute is applied to.

Métodos

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Devuelve un valor que indica si esta instancia es igual que un objeto especificado.Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object.

(Inherited from Attribute)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Devuelve el código hash de esta instancia.Returns the hash code for this instance.

(Inherited from Attribute)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Obtiene el Type de la instancia actual.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
IsDefaultAttribute() IsDefaultAttribute() IsDefaultAttribute() IsDefaultAttribute()

Si se reemplaza en una clase derivada, indica si el valor de esta instancia es el valor predeterminado de la clase derivada.When overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class.

(Inherited from Attribute)
Match(Object) Match(Object) Match(Object) Match(Object)

Cuando se invalida en una clase derivada, devuelve un valor que indica si esta instancia es igual a un objeto especificado.When overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object.

(Inherited from Attribute)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Crea una copia superficial del objeto Object actual.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Devuelve una cadena que representa el objeto actual.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Implementaciones de interfaz explícitas

_Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Asigna un conjunto de nombres a un conjunto correspondiente de identificadores de envío.Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

(Inherited from Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr) _Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Obtiene la información de tipos de un objeto, que puede utilizarse para obtener la información de tipos de una interfaz.Retrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface.

(Inherited from Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32) _Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32) _Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32) _Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

Recupera el número de interfaces de información de tipo que proporciona un objeto (0 ó 1).Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

(Inherited from Attribute)
_Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr) _Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr) _Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr) _Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

Proporciona acceso a las propiedades y los métodos expuestos por un objeto.Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

(Inherited from Attribute)

Se aplica a

Consulte también: