HashAlgorithm.TransformBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32, Byte[], Int32) Método

Definición

Calcula el valor hash para la región especificada de la matriz de bytes de entrada y copia la región especificada de la matriz de bytes de entrada resultante en la región indicada de la matriz de bytes de salida.Computes the hash value for the specified region of the input byte array and copies the specified region of the input byte array to the specified region of the output byte array.

public:
 virtual int TransformBlock(cli::array <System::Byte> ^ inputBuffer, int inputOffset, int inputCount, cli::array <System::Byte> ^ outputBuffer, int outputOffset);
public int TransformBlock (byte[] inputBuffer, int inputOffset, int inputCount, byte[]? outputBuffer, int outputOffset);
public int TransformBlock (byte[] inputBuffer, int inputOffset, int inputCount, byte[] outputBuffer, int outputOffset);
abstract member TransformBlock : byte[] * int * int * byte[] * int -> int
override this.TransformBlock : byte[] * int * int * byte[] * int -> int
Public Function TransformBlock (inputBuffer As Byte(), inputOffset As Integer, inputCount As Integer, outputBuffer As Byte(), outputOffset As Integer) As Integer

Parámetros

inputBuffer
Byte[]

La entrada para la cual se calcula el código hash.The input to compute the hash code for.

inputOffset
Int32

Desplazamiento en la matriz de bytes de entrada a partir del cual se van a empezar a usar los datos.The offset into the input byte array from which to begin using data.

inputCount
Int32

Número de bytes de la matriz de bytes de entrada que se van a usar como datos.The number of bytes in the input byte array to use as data.

outputBuffer
Byte[]

Copia de la parte de la matriz de entrada utilizada para calcular el código hash.A copy of the part of the input array used to compute the hash code.

outputOffset
Int32

Desplazamiento en la matriz de bytes de salida a partir del cual se van a empezar a escribir los datos.The offset into the output byte array from which to begin writing data.

Devoluciones

Int32

Número de bytes escritos.The number of bytes written.

Implementaciones

Excepciones

inputCount utiliza un valor no válido.inputCount uses an invalid value.

O bien-or-

inputBuffer tiene una longitud no válida.inputBuffer has an invalid length.

El valor de inputBuffer es null.inputBuffer is null.

inputOffset está fuera del intervalo.inputOffset is out of range. Este parámetro requiere un número no negativo.This parameter requires a non-negative number.

El objeto ya se ha desechado.The object has already been disposed.

Ejemplos

En los siguientes ejemplos de código TransformFinalBlock se usa el método con el TransformBlock método para aplicar un algoritmo hash a una cadena.The following code examples use the TransformFinalBlock method with the TransformBlock method to hash a string.

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;

class MainClass
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        RandomNumberGenerator rnd = RandomNumberGenerator.Create();

        byte[] input = new byte[20];
        rnd.GetBytes(input);

        Console.WriteLine("Input        : {0}\n", BytesToStr(input));
        PrintHash(input);
        PrintHashOneBlock(input);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 1);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 2);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 3);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 5);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 10);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 11);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 19);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 20);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 21);
    }

    public static string BytesToStr(byte[] bytes)
    {
        StringBuilder str = new StringBuilder();

        for (int i = 0; i < bytes.Length; i++)
            str.AppendFormat("{0:X2}", bytes[i]);

        return str.ToString();
    }

    public static void PrintHash(byte[] input)
    {
        SHA256Managed sha = new SHA256Managed();
        Console.WriteLine("ComputeHash  : {0}", BytesToStr(sha.ComputeHash(input)));
    }

    public static void PrintHashOneBlock(byte[] input)
    {
        SHA256Managed sha = new SHA256Managed();
        sha.TransformFinalBlock(input, 0, input.Length);
        Console.WriteLine("FinalBlock   : {0}", BytesToStr(sha.Hash));
    }

    public static void PrintHashMultiBlock(byte[] input, int size)
    {
        SHA256Managed sha = new SHA256Managed();
        int offset = 0;

        while (input.Length - offset >= size)
            offset += sha.TransformBlock(input, offset, size, input, offset);

        sha.TransformFinalBlock(input, offset, input.Length - offset);
        Console.WriteLine("MultiBlock {0:00}: {1}", size, BytesToStr(sha.Hash));
    }
}
/*
This example produces output similar to the following:

Input        : 45D97219908A572DE336B9DEC787C311D3349F69

ComputeHash  : 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
FinalBlock   : 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 01: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 02: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 03: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 05: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 10: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 11: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 19: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 20: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 21: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15

*/

Imports System.Text
Imports System.Security.Cryptography

Class Program

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim rnd As RandomNumberGenerator = RandomNumberGenerator.Create
        Dim input() As Byte = New Byte((20) - 1) {}
        rnd.GetBytes(input)
        Console.WriteLine("Input        : {0}"& vbLf, BytesToStr(input))
        PrintHash(input)
        PrintHashOneBlock(input)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 1)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 2)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 3)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 5)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 10)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 11)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 19)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 20)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 21)
    End Sub

    Public Shared Function BytesToStr(ByVal bytes() As Byte) As String
        Dim str As StringBuilder = New StringBuilder
        Dim i As Integer = 0
        Do While (i < bytes.Length)
        str.AppendFormat("{0:X2}", bytes(i))
        i = (i + 1)
        Loop
        Return str.ToString
    End Function

    Public Shared Sub PrintHash(ByVal input() As Byte)
        Dim sha As SHA256Managed = New SHA256Managed
        Console.WriteLine("ComputeHash  : {0}", BytesToStr(sha.ComputeHash(input)))
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintHashOneBlock(ByVal input() As Byte)
        Dim sha As SHA256Managed = New SHA256Managed
        sha.TransformFinalBlock(input, 0, input.Length)
        Console.WriteLine("FinalBlock   : {0}", BytesToStr(sha.Hash))
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintHashMultiBlock(ByVal input() As Byte, ByVal size As Integer)
        Dim sha As SHA256Managed = New SHA256Managed
        Dim offset As Integer = 0

        While ((input.Length - offset)  _
            >= size)
        offset = (offset + sha.TransformBlock(input, offset, size, input, offset))

        End While
        sha.TransformFinalBlock(input, offset, (input.Length - offset))
        Console.WriteLine("MultiBlock {0:00}: {1}", size, BytesToStr(sha.Hash))
    End Sub
End Class

' This example produces output similar to the following:
'
' Input        : 45D97219908A572DE336B9DEC787C311D3349F69
'
' ComputeHash  : 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' FinalBlock   : 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 01: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 02: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 03: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 05: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 10: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 11: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 19: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 20: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 21: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15

Comentarios

Debe llamar al TransformBlock método antes de llamar al TransformFinalBlock método.You must call the TransformBlock method before calling the TransformFinalBlock method. Debe llamar a ambos métodos antes de recuperar el valor hash final.You must call both methods before you retrieve the final hash value.

Para recuperar el valor hash final después de llamar al TransformFinalBlock método, obtenga la matriz de bytes contenida en la Hash propiedad.To retrieve the final hash value after calling the TransformFinalBlock method, get the byte array contained within the Hash property.

La llamada al TransformBlock método con diferentes matrices de entrada y salida produce una IOException .Calling the TransformBlock method with different input and output arrays results in an IOException.

Se aplica a