HashAlgorithm.TransformFinalBlock(Byte[], Int32, Int32) Método

Definición

Calcula el valor hash para la región especificada de la matriz de bytes indicada.Computes the hash value for the specified region of the specified byte array.

public:
 virtual cli::array <System::Byte> ^ TransformFinalBlock(cli::array <System::Byte> ^ inputBuffer, int inputOffset, int inputCount);
public byte[] TransformFinalBlock (byte[] inputBuffer, int inputOffset, int inputCount);
abstract member TransformFinalBlock : byte[] * int * int -> byte[]
override this.TransformFinalBlock : byte[] * int * int -> byte[]
Public Function TransformFinalBlock (inputBuffer As Byte(), inputOffset As Integer, inputCount As Integer) As Byte()

Parámetros

inputBuffer
Byte[]

La entrada para la cual se calcula el código hash.The input to compute the hash code for.

inputOffset
Int32

Desplazamiento en la matriz de bytes a partir del cual se empezarán a usar los datos.The offset into the byte array from which to begin using data.

inputCount
Int32

Número de bytes de la matriz de bytes que se van a utilizar como datos.The number of bytes in the byte array to use as data.

Devoluciones

Byte[]

Una matriz que es una copia de la parte de la entrada a la que se aplica el algoritmo hash.An array that is a copy of the part of the input that is hashed.

Implementaciones

Excepciones

inputCount utiliza un valor no válido.inputCount uses an invalid value.

O bien-or-

inputBuffer tiene una longitud de desplazamiento no válida.inputBuffer has an invalid offset length.

El valor de inputBuffer es null.inputBuffer is null.

inputOffset está fuera del intervalo.inputOffset is out of range. Este parámetro requiere un número no negativo.This parameter requires a non-negative number.

El objeto ya se ha desechado.The object has already been disposed.

Ejemplos

En los siguientes ejemplos de código TransformFinalBlock se usa el método con el TransformBlock método para aplicar un algoritmo hash a una cadena.The following code examples use the TransformFinalBlock method with the TransformBlock method to hash a string.

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;

class MainClass
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        RandomNumberGenerator rnd = RandomNumberGenerator.Create();

        byte[] input = new byte[20];
        rnd.GetBytes(input);

        Console.WriteLine("Input        : {0}\n", BytesToStr(input));
        PrintHash(input);
        PrintHashOneBlock(input);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 1);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 2);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 3);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 5);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 10);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 11);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 19);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 20);
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 21);
    }

    public static string BytesToStr(byte[] bytes)
    {
        StringBuilder str = new StringBuilder();

        for (int i = 0; i < bytes.Length; i++)
            str.AppendFormat("{0:X2}", bytes[i]);

        return str.ToString();
    }

    public static void PrintHash(byte[] input)
    {
        SHA256Managed sha = new SHA256Managed();
        Console.WriteLine("ComputeHash  : {0}", BytesToStr(sha.ComputeHash(input)));
    }

    public static void PrintHashOneBlock(byte[] input)
    {
        SHA256Managed sha = new SHA256Managed();
        sha.TransformFinalBlock(input, 0, input.Length);
        Console.WriteLine("FinalBlock   : {0}", BytesToStr(sha.Hash));
    }

    public static void PrintHashMultiBlock(byte[] input, int size)
    {
        SHA256Managed sha = new SHA256Managed();
        int offset = 0;

        while (input.Length - offset >= size)
            offset += sha.TransformBlock(input, offset, size, input, offset);

        sha.TransformFinalBlock(input, offset, input.Length - offset);
        Console.WriteLine("MultiBlock {0:00}: {1}", size, BytesToStr(sha.Hash));
    }
}
/*
This example produces output similar to the following:

Input        : 45D97219908A572DE336B9DEC787C311D3349F69

ComputeHash  : 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
FinalBlock   : 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 01: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 02: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 03: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 05: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 10: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 11: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 19: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 20: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
MultiBlock 21: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15

*/

Imports System.Text
Imports System.Security.Cryptography

Class Program

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim rnd As RandomNumberGenerator = RandomNumberGenerator.Create
        Dim input() As Byte = New Byte((20) - 1) {}
        rnd.GetBytes(input)
        Console.WriteLine("Input        : {0}"& vbLf, BytesToStr(input))
        PrintHash(input)
        PrintHashOneBlock(input)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 1)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 2)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 3)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 5)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 10)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 11)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 19)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 20)
        PrintHashMultiBlock(input, 21)
    End Sub

    Public Shared Function BytesToStr(ByVal bytes() As Byte) As String
        Dim str As StringBuilder = New StringBuilder
        Dim i As Integer = 0
        Do While (i < bytes.Length)
        str.AppendFormat("{0:X2}", bytes(i))
        i = (i + 1)
        Loop
        Return str.ToString
    End Function

    Public Shared Sub PrintHash(ByVal input() As Byte)
        Dim sha As SHA256Managed = New SHA256Managed
        Console.WriteLine("ComputeHash  : {0}", BytesToStr(sha.ComputeHash(input)))
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintHashOneBlock(ByVal input() As Byte)
        Dim sha As SHA256Managed = New SHA256Managed
        sha.TransformFinalBlock(input, 0, input.Length)
        Console.WriteLine("FinalBlock   : {0}", BytesToStr(sha.Hash))
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintHashMultiBlock(ByVal input() As Byte, ByVal size As Integer)
        Dim sha As SHA256Managed = New SHA256Managed
        Dim offset As Integer = 0

        While ((input.Length - offset)  _
            >= size)
        offset = (offset + sha.TransformBlock(input, offset, size, input, offset))

        End While
        sha.TransformFinalBlock(input, offset, (input.Length - offset))
        Console.WriteLine("MultiBlock {0:00}: {1}", size, BytesToStr(sha.Hash))
    End Sub
End Class

' This example produces output similar to the following:
'
' Input        : 45D97219908A572DE336B9DEC787C311D3349F69
'
' ComputeHash  : 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' FinalBlock   : 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 01: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 02: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 03: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 05: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 10: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 11: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 19: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 20: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15
' MultiBlock 21: 84E87322C7E3BCA848B0A698EE66E9A9725DA786F9FD4FFD46C385F59AB35B15

Comentarios

Debe llamar al TransformFinalBlock método después de llamar al TransformBlock método, pero antes de recuperar el valor hash final.You must call the TransformFinalBlock method after calling the TransformBlock method but before you retrieve the final hash value.

Tenga en cuenta que el valor devuelto de este método no es el valor hash, sino solo una copia de la parte con hash de los datos de entrada.Note that the return value of this method is not the hash value, but only a copy of the hashed part of the input data. Para recuperar el valor hash final después de llamar al TransformFinalBlock método, obtenga la matriz de bytes contenida en la Hash propiedad.To retrieve the final hashed value after calling the TransformFinalBlock method, get the byte array contained in the Hash property.

Se aplica a