Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> Class

Definición

Representa una tupla de 5 o quíntuplo.Represents a 5-tuple, or quintuple.

generic <typename T1, typename T2, typename T3, typename T4, typename T5>
public ref class Tuple : IComparable, System::Collections::IStructuralComparable, System::Collections::IStructuralEquatable
[System.Serializable]
public class Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> : IComparable, System.Collections.IStructuralComparable, System.Collections.IStructuralEquatable
type Tuple<'T1, 'T2, 'T3, 'T4, 'T5> = class
    interface IStructuralEquatable
    interface IStructuralComparable
    interface IComparable
Public Class Tuple(Of T1, T2, T3, T4, T5)
Implements IComparable, IStructuralComparable, IStructuralEquatable

Parámetros de tipo

T1

Tipo del primer componente de la tupla.The type of the tuple's first component.

T2

Tipo del segundo componente de la tupla.The type of the tuple's second component.

T3

Tipo del tercer componente de la tupla.The type of the tuple's third component.

T4

Tipo del cuarto componente de la tupla.The type of the tuple's fourth component.

T5

Tipo del quinto componente de la tupla.The type of the tuple's fifth component.

Herencia
Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>
Atributos
Implementaciones

Comentarios

Una tupla es una estructura de datos que tiene un número específico y una secuencia de valores.A tuple is a data structure that has a specific number and sequence of values. La Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> clase representa una tupla de 5 o quíntuplo, que es una tupla que tiene cinco componentes.The Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> class represents a 5-tuple, or quintuple, which is a tuple that has five components.

Puede crear instancias de un Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> objeto llamando al Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> constructor o al método estático Tuple.Create<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>(T1, T2, T3, T4, T5) .You can instantiate a Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> object by calling either the Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> constructor or the static Tuple.Create<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>(T1, T2, T3, T4, T5) method. Puede recuperar el valor de los componentes de la tupla mediante las propiedades de instancia Item1 Item3, Item2,, Item4y Item5 de solo lectura.You can retrieve the value of the tuple's components by using the read-only Item1, Item2, Item3, Item4, and Item5 instance properties.

Las tuplas se utilizan normalmente de cuatro maneras diferentes:Tuples are commonly used in four different ways:

  • Para representar un único conjunto de datos.To represent a single set of data. Por ejemplo, una tupla puede representar un registro de base de datos y sus componentes pueden representar campos individuales del registro.For example, a tuple can represent a database record, and its components can represent individual fields of the record.

  • Para facilitar el acceso y la manipulación de un conjunto de datos.To provide easy access to, and manipulation of, a data set. En el ejemplo siguiente se define una Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> matriz de objetos que contienen los nombres de las copias de seguridad en el fútbol americano, el número de juegos en los que se reproducen y el número de concursos, los metros totales obtenidos y la puntuación de touchdowns durante esos juegos.The following example defines an array of Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> objects that contain the names of running backs in American football, the number of games in which they played, and the number of carries, total yards gained, and touchdowns scored during those games. La matriz se pasa al ComputeStatistics método, que calcula cada número de transcursos por juego, promedio de metros por juego, media de metros por transporte y promedio de touchdowns por intento.The array is passed to the ComputeStatistics method, which calculates each running back's number of carries per game, average yards per game, average yards per carry, and average number of touchdowns per attempt.

    using System;
    using System.Collections.Generic;
    
    public class Example
    {
       public static void Main()
       {
          // Organization of runningBacks 5-tuple:
          //    Component 1: Player name
          //    Component 2: Number of games played
          //    Component 3: Number of attempts (carries)
          //    Component 4: Number of yards gained 
          //    Component 5: Number of touchdowns   
          Tuple<string, int, int, int, int>[] runningBacks =
               { Tuple.Create("Payton, Walter", 190, 3838, 16726, 110),  
                 Tuple.Create("Sanders, Barry", 153, 3062, 15269, 99),            
                 Tuple.Create("Brown, Jim", 118, 2359, 12312, 106),            
                 Tuple.Create("Dickerson, Eric", 144, 2996, 13259, 90),            
                 Tuple.Create("Faulk, Marshall", 176, 2836, 12279, 100) }; 
          // Calculate statistics.
          // Organization of runningStats 5-tuple:
          //    Component 1: Player name
          //    Component 2: Number of attempts per game
          //    Component 3: Number of yards per game
          //    Component 4: Number of yards per attempt 
          //    Component 5: Number of touchdowns per attempt   
          Tuple<string, double, double, double, double>[] runningStats  = 
              ComputeStatistics(runningBacks);
    
          // Display the result.          
          Console.WriteLine("{0,-16} {1,5} {2,6} {3,7} {4,7} {5,7} {6,7} {7,5} {8,7}\n", 
                            "Name", "Games", "Att", "Att/Gm", "Yards", "Yds/Gm",
                            "Yds/Att", "TD", "TD/Att");
          for (int ctr = 0; ctr < runningBacks.Length; ctr++)
             Console.WriteLine("{0,-16} {1,5} {2,6:N0} {3,7:N1} {4,7:N0} {5,7:N1} {6,7:N2} {7,5} {8,7:N3}\n", 
                               runningBacks[ctr].Item1, runningBacks[ctr].Item2, runningBacks[ctr].Item3, 
                               runningStats[ctr].Item2, runningBacks[ctr].Item4, runningStats[ctr].Item3, 
                               runningStats[ctr].Item4, runningBacks[ctr].Item5, runningStats[ctr].Item5);
       }
    
       private static Tuple<string, double, double, double, double>[] ComputeStatistics(
                    Tuple<string, int, int, int, int>[] players) 
       {
          Tuple<string, double, double, double, double> result; 
          var list = new List<Tuple<string, double, double, double, double>>();
          
          foreach (var player in players)
          {
             // Create result object containing player name and statistics.
             result = Tuple.Create(player.Item1,  
                                   player.Item3/((double)player.Item2), 
                                   player.Item4/((double)player.Item2),
                                   player.Item4/((double)player.Item3), 
                                   player.Item5/((double)player.Item3));
             list.Add(result);         
          }
          return list.ToArray();  
       }
    }
    // The example displays the following output:
    //    Name             Games    Att  Att/Gm   Yards  Yds/Gm Yds/Att    TD  TD/Att
    //    
    //    Payton, Walter     190  3,838    20.2  16,726    88.0    4.36   110   0.029
    //    
    //    Sanders, Barry     153  3,062    20.0  15,269    99.8    4.99    99   0.032
    //    
    //    Brown, Jim         118  2,359    20.0  12,312   104.3    5.22   106   0.045
    //    
    //    Dickerson, Eric    144  2,996    20.8  13,259    92.1    4.43    90   0.030
    //    
    //    Faulk, Marshall    176  2,836    16.1  12,279    69.8    4.33   100   0.035
    
    Imports System.Collections.Generic
    
    Module Example
       Public Sub Main()
          ' Organization of runningBacks 5-tuple:
          '    Component 1: Player name
          '    Component 2: Number of games played
          '    Component 3: Number of attempts (carries)
          '    Component 4: Number of yards gained 
          '    Component 5: Number of touchdowns   
          Dim runningBacks() =
              { Tuple.Create("Payton, Walter", 190, 3838, 16726, 110),  
                Tuple.Create("Sanders, Barry", 153, 3062, 15269, 99),            
                Tuple.Create("Brown, Jim", 118, 2359, 12312, 106),            
                Tuple.Create("Dickerson, Eric", 144, 2996, 13259, 90),            
                Tuple.Create("Faulk, Marshall", 176, 2836, 12279, 100) } 
          ' Calculate statistics.
          ' Organization of runningStats 5-tuple:
          '    Component 1: Player name
          '    Component 2: Number of attempts per game
          '    Component 3: Number of yards per game
          '    Component 4: Number of yards per attempt 
          '    Component 5: Number of touchdowns per attempt   
          Dim runningStats() = ComputeStatistics(runningBacks)
    
          ' Display the result.          
          Console.WriteLine("{0,-16} {1,5} {2,6} {3,7} {4,7} {5,7} {6,7} {7,5} {8,7}", 
                            "Name", "Games", "Att", "Att/Gm", "Yards", "Yds/Gm",
                            "Yds/Att", "TD", "TD/Att")
          Console.WriteLine()
          For ctr As Integer = 0 To runningBacks.Length - 1
             Console.WriteLine("{0,-16} {1,5} {2,6:N0} {3,7:N1} {4,7:N0} {5,7:N1} {6,7:N2} {7,5} {8,7:N3}", 
                               runningBacks(ctr).Item1, runningBacks(ctr).Item2, runningBacks(ctr).Item3, 
                               runningStats(ctr).Item2, runningBacks(ctr).Item4, runningStats(ctr).Item3, 
                               runningStats(ctr).Item4, runningBacks(ctr).Item5, runningStats(ctr).Item5)
             Console.WriteLine()  
          Next     
       End Sub
    
       Private Function ComputeStatistics(players() As Tuple(Of String, Integer, Integer, Integer, Integer)) _
                        As Tuple(Of String, Double, Double, Double, Double)()
    
          Dim result As Tuple(Of String, Double, Double, Double, Double)
          Dim list As New List(Of Tuple(Of String, Double, Double, Double, Double))()
          
          For Each player In players
             ' Create result object containing player name and statistics.
             result = Tuple.Create(player.Item1,  
                                player.Item3/player.Item2, player.Item4/player.Item2,
                                player.Item4/player.Item3, player.Item5/player.Item3)
             list.Add(result)         
          Next
          Return list.ToArray()  
       End Function
    End Module
    ' The example displays the following output:
    '    Name             Games    Att  Att/Gm   Yards  Yds/Gm Yds/Att    TD  TD/Att
    '    
    '    Payton, Walter     190  3,838    20.2  16,726    88.0    4.36   110   0.029
    '    
    '    Sanders, Barry     153  3,062    20.0  15,269    99.8    4.99    99   0.032
    '    
    '    Brown, Jim         118  2,359    20.0  12,312   104.3    5.22   106   0.045
    '    
    '    Dickerson, Eric    144  2,996    20.8  13,259    92.1    4.43    90   0.030
    '    
    '    Faulk, Marshall    176  2,836    16.1  12,279    69.8    4.33   100   0.035
    
  • Para devolver varios valores de un método sin el uso de out parámetros (en C#) o ByRef parámetros (en Visual Basic).To return multiple values from a method without the use of out parameters (in C#) or ByRef parameters (in Visual Basic). Por ejemplo, en el ejemplo anterior se devuelven sus estadísticas calculadas, junto con el nombre del reproductor, en Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> una matriz de objetos.For example, the previous example returns its computed statistics, along with the name of the player, in an array of Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> objects.

  • Para pasar varios valores a un método a través de un solo parámetro.To pass multiple values to a method through a single parameter. Por ejemplo, el Thread.Start(Object) método tiene un único parámetro que le permite proporcionar un valor al método que el subproceso ejecuta en el inicio.For example, the Thread.Start(Object) method has a single parameter that lets you supply one value to the method that the thread executes at startup. Si proporciona un Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> objeto como argumento del método, puede proporcionar la rutina de inicio del subproceso con cinco elementos de datos.If you supply a Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> object as the method argument, you can supply the thread's startup routine with five items of data.

Constructores

Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>(T1, T2, T3, T4, T5) Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>(T1, T2, T3, T4, T5) Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>(T1, T2, T3, T4, T5) Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>(T1, T2, T3, T4, T5)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>.Initializes a new instance of the Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> class.

Propiedades

Item1 Item1 Item1 Item1

Obtiene el valor del primer componente del objeto Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> actual.Gets the value of the current Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> object's first component.

Item2 Item2 Item2 Item2

Obtiene el valor del segundo componente del objeto Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> actual.Gets the value of the current Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> object's second component.

Item3 Item3 Item3 Item3

Obtiene el valor del tercer componente del objeto Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> actual.Gets the value of the current Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> object's third component.

Item4 Item4 Item4 Item4

Obtiene el valor del cuarto componente del objeto Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> actual.Gets the value of the current Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> object's fourth component.

Item5 Item5 Item5 Item5

Obtiene el valor del quinto componente del objeto Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> actual.Gets the value of the current Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> object's fifth component.

Métodos

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Devuelve un valor que indica si el objeto Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> actual es igual que el objeto especificado.Returns a value that indicates whether the current Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> object is equal to a specified object.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Devuelve el código hash del objeto Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> actual.Returns the hash code for the current Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> object.

GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Obtiene el Type de la instancia actual.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Crea una copia superficial del objeto Object actual.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Devuelve una cadena que representa el valor de esta instancia de Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>.Returns a string that represents the value of this Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> instance.

Implementaciones de interfaz explícitas

IComparable.CompareTo(Object) IComparable.CompareTo(Object) IComparable.CompareTo(Object) IComparable.CompareTo(Object)

Compara el objeto Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> actual con un objeto especificado y devuelve un entero que indica si el objeto actual es anterior, posterior o está en la misma posición que el objeto especificado en el criterio de ordenación.Compares the current Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> object to a specified object and returns an integer that indicates whether the current object is before, after, or in the same position as the specified object in the sort order.

IStructuralComparable.CompareTo(Object, IComparer) IStructuralComparable.CompareTo(Object, IComparer) IStructuralComparable.CompareTo(Object, IComparer) IStructuralComparable.CompareTo(Object, IComparer)

Compara el objeto Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> actual con un objeto especificado utilizando un comparador especificado y devuelve un entero que indica si el objeto actual precede o sigue al objeto especificado, o bien se encuentra en la misma posición que dicho objeto en el criterio de ordenación.Compares the current Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> object to a specified object by using a specified comparer and returns an integer that indicates whether the current object is before, after, or in the same position as the specified object in the sort order.

IStructuralEquatable.Equals(Object, IEqualityComparer) IStructuralEquatable.Equals(Object, IEqualityComparer) IStructuralEquatable.Equals(Object, IEqualityComparer) IStructuralEquatable.Equals(Object, IEqualityComparer)

Devuelve un valor que indica si el objeto Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> actual es igual que el objeto especificado según el método de comparación especificado.Returns a value that indicates whether the current Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> object is equal to a specified object based on a specified comparison method.

IStructuralEquatable.GetHashCode(IEqualityComparer) IStructuralEquatable.GetHashCode(IEqualityComparer) IStructuralEquatable.GetHashCode(IEqualityComparer) IStructuralEquatable.GetHashCode(IEqualityComparer)

Calcula el código hash del objeto Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> actual usando el método de cálculo especificado.Calculates the hash code for the current Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5> object by using a specified computation method.

ITuple.Item[Int32] ITuple.Item[Int32] ITuple.Item[Int32] ITuple.Item[Int32]

Obtiene el valor del elemento Tuple especificado.Gets the value of the specified Tuple element.

ITuple.Length ITuple.Length ITuple.Length ITuple.Length

Obtiene el número de elementos de Tuple.Gets the number of elements in the Tuple.

Métodos de extensión

Deconstruct<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>(Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>, T1, T2, T3, T4, T5) Deconstruct<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>(Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>, T1, T2, T3, T4, T5) Deconstruct<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>(Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>, T1, T2, T3, T4, T5) Deconstruct<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>(Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>, T1, T2, T3, T4, T5)

Deconstruye una tupla con cinco elementos en variables independientes.Deconstructs a tuple with 5 elements into separate variables.

ToValueTuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>(Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>) ToValueTuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>(Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>) ToValueTuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>(Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>) ToValueTuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>(Tuple<T1,T2,T3,T4,T5>)

Convierte una instancia de la clase Tuple en una instancia de la estructura ValueTuple.Converts an instance of the Tuple class to an instance of the ValueTuple structure.

Se aplica a

Consulte también: