MembershipCreateUserException MembershipCreateUserException MembershipCreateUserException MembershipCreateUserException Class

Definición

Excepción que se produce cuando un proveedor de pertenencia no crea correctamente un usuario.The exception that is thrown when a user is not successfully created by a membership provider.

public ref class MembershipCreateUserException : Exception
[System.Serializable]
public class MembershipCreateUserException : Exception
type MembershipCreateUserException = class
    inherit Exception
Public Class MembershipCreateUserException
Inherits Exception
Herencia
MembershipCreateUserExceptionMembershipCreateUserExceptionMembershipCreateUserExceptionMembershipCreateUserException
Atributos

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se crea un nuevo usuario para una aplicación ASP.NET configurada para usar autenticación de formularios y la pertenencia a ASP.NET.The following code example creates a new user for an ASP.NET application configured to use forms authentication and ASP.NET membership. Si el usuario no se crea correctamente, el código detecta el MembershipCreateUserException y muestra el mensaje especificado en el StatusCode propiedad.If the user is not created successfully, the code catches the MembershipCreateUserException and displays the message specified in the StatusCode property.

Importante

En este ejemplo contiene un cuadro de texto que acepta datos proporcionados por el usuario, que puede suponer una amenaza de seguridad.This example contains a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. De forma predeterminada, ASP.NET Web Pages valida que los datos proporcionados por el usuario no incluyen elementos HTML ni de script.By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. Para más información, consulte Información general sobre los ataques mediante scripts.For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

public void CreateUser_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  MembershipCreateStatus result;

  try
  {
    // Create new user.

    if (Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer)
    {
      MembershipUser newUser = Membership.CreateUser(
        UsernameTextbox.Text, 
        PasswordTextbox.Text, 
        EmailTextbox.Text,
        PasswordQuestionTextbox.Text,
        PasswordAnswerTextbox.Text,
        false,
        out result);
    }
    else 
    {
      MembershipUser newUser = Membership.CreateUser(
        UsernameTextbox.Text, 
        PasswordTextbox.Text, 
        EmailTextbox.Text);
    }

    Response.Redirect("login.aspx");
  }
  catch (MembershipCreateUserException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = GetErrorMessage(e.StatusCode);
  }
  catch (HttpException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = e.Message;
  }
}

public string GetErrorMessage(MembershipCreateStatus status)
{
   switch (status)
   {
      case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateUserName:
        return "Username already exists. Please enter a different user name.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateEmail:
        return "A username for that email address already exists. Please enter a different email address.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidPassword:
        return "The password provided is invalid. Please enter a valid password value.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidEmail:
        return "The email address provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidAnswer:
        return "The password retrieval answer provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidQuestion:
        return "The password retrieval question provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidUserName:
        return "The user name provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.ProviderError:
        return "The authentication provider returned an error. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator.";

      case MembershipCreateStatus.UserRejected:
        return "The user creation request has been canceled. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator.";

      default:
        return "An unknown error occurred. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator.";
   }
}

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Create User</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Create New User</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  <table cellpadding="3" border="0">
    <tr>
      <td>Username:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="UserNameTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Confirm Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordConfirmTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordConfirmRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" />
          <asp:CompareValidator id="PasswordConfirmCompareValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ControlToCompare="PasswordTextBox"
                                      ErrorMessage="Confirm password must match password." />
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Email Address:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="EmailTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="EmailRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="EmailTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>


<% if (Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer) { %>

    <tr>
      <td>Password Question:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordQuestionTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordQuestionRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordQuestionTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password Answer:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordAnswerTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordAnswerRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordAnswerTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>

<% } %>


    <tr>
      <td></td>
      <td><asp:Button id="CreateUserButton" Text="Create User" OnClick="CreateUser_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</form>

</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

Public Sub CreateUser_OnClick(sender As Object, args As EventArgs)
  Dim result As MembershipCreateStatus
  Try
    ' Create new user.

    Dim newUser As MembershipUser
    If Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer Then
      newUser  = Membership.CreateUser( _
        UsernameTextbox.Text, _
        PasswordTextbox.Text, _
        EmailTextbox.Text, _
        PasswordQuestionTextbox.Text, _
        PasswordAnswerTextbox.Text, _
        false, _
        result)
    Else
      newUser  = Membership.CreateUser( _
        UsernameTextbox.Text, _
        PasswordTextbox.Text, _
        EmailTextbox.Text)
    End If

    Response.Redirect("login.aspx")

  Catch e As MembershipCreateUserException
    Msg.Text = GetErrorMessage(e.StatusCode)
  Catch e As HttpException
    Msg.Text = e.Message
  End Try
End Sub

Public Function GetErrorMessage(status As MembershipCreateStatus) As String

   Select Case status
      Case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateUserName
        Return "Username already exists. Please enter a different user name."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.DuplicateEmail
        Return "A username for that email address already exists. Please enter a different email address."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidPassword
        Return "The password provided is invalid. Please enter a valid password value."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidEmail
        Return "The email address provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidAnswer
        Return "The password retrieval answer provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidQuestion
        Return "The password retrieval question provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.InvalidUserName
        Return "The user name provided is invalid. Please check the value and try again."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.ProviderError
        Return "The authentication provider Returned an error. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator."

      Case MembershipCreateStatus.UserRejected
        Return "The user creation request has been canceled. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator."

      Case Else
        Return "An unknown error occurred. Please verify your entry and try again. If the problem persists, please contact your system administrator."
   End Select
End Function

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Create User</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Create New User</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  <table cellpadding="3" border="0">
    <tr>
      <td>Username:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="UserNameTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Confirm Password:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordConfirmTextbox" runat="server" TextMode="Password" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordConfirmRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" />
          <asp:CompareValidator id="PasswordConfirmCompareValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordConfirmTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ControlToCompare="PasswordTextBox"
                                      ErrorMessage="Confirm password must match password." />
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Email Address:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="EmailTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="EmailRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="EmailTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>


<% If Membership.RequiresQuestionAndAnswer Then %>

    <tr>
      <td>Password Question:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordQuestionTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordQuestionRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordQuestionTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Password Answer:</td>
      <td><asp:Textbox id="PasswordAnswerTextbox" runat="server" /></td>
      <td><asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="PasswordAnswerRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="PasswordAnswerTextbox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /></td>
    </tr>

<% End If %>


    <tr>
      <td></td>
      <td><asp:Button id="CreateUserButton" Text="Create User" OnClick="CreateUser_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</form>

</body>
</html>

Comentarios

Una instancia de la MembershipCreateUserException clase se produce cuando un CreateUser se produce un error de operación.An instance of the MembershipCreateUserException class is thrown when a CreateUser operation fails.

Nota

Si no está familiarizado con las características de pertenencia de ASP.NET, consulte Introducción a la suscripción antes de continuar.If you are not familiar with the membership features of ASP.NET, see Introduction to Membership before continuing. Para obtener una lista de otros temas relacionados con la pertenencia, vea administrar usuarios mediante pertenencia.For a list of other topics related to membership, see Managing Users by Using Membership.

El StatusCode propiedad indica el motivo de la excepción para que pueda controlar adecuadamente.The StatusCode property indicates the reason for the exception so you can handle it appropriately.

Constructores

MembershipCreateUserException() MembershipCreateUserException() MembershipCreateUserException() MembershipCreateUserException()

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase MembershipCreateUserException.Initializes a new instance of the MembershipCreateUserException class.

MembershipCreateUserException(MembershipCreateStatus) MembershipCreateUserException(MembershipCreateStatus) MembershipCreateUserException(MembershipCreateStatus) MembershipCreateUserException(MembershipCreateStatus)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase MembershipCreateUserException con el valor StatusCode especificado.Initializes a new instance of the MembershipCreateUserException class with the specified StatusCode value.

MembershipCreateUserException(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) MembershipCreateUserException(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) MembershipCreateUserException(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) MembershipCreateUserException(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase MembershipCreateUserException con la información y el contexto de serialización suministrados.Initializes a new instance of the MembershipCreateUserException class with the supplied serialization information and context.

MembershipCreateUserException(String) MembershipCreateUserException(String) MembershipCreateUserException(String) MembershipCreateUserException(String)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase MembershipCreateUserException y establece la propiedad Message en el valor de parámetro message proporcionado.Initializes a new instance of the MembershipCreateUserException class and sets the Message property to the supplied message parameter value

MembershipCreateUserException(String, Exception) MembershipCreateUserException(String, Exception) MembershipCreateUserException(String, Exception) MembershipCreateUserException(String, Exception)

Inicializa una nueva instancia de la clase MembershipCreateUserException y establece la propiedad Message para el message proporcionado y la propiedad InnerException para la innerException proporcionada.Initializes a new instance of the MembershipCreateUserException class and sets the Message property to the supplied message and the InnerException property to the supplied innerException.

Propiedades

Data Data Data Data

Obtiene una colección de pares clave-valor que proporcionan más información definida por el usuario sobre la excepción.Gets a collection of key/value pairs that provide additional user-defined information about the exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
HelpLink HelpLink HelpLink HelpLink

Obtiene o establece un vínculo al archivo de ayuda asociado a esta excepción.Gets or sets a link to the help file associated with this exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
HResult HResult HResult HResult

Obtiene o establece HRESULT, un valor numérico codificado que se asigna a una excepción específica.Gets or sets HRESULT, a coded numerical value that is assigned to a specific exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
InnerException InnerException InnerException InnerException

Obtiene la instancia Exception que produjo la excepción actual.Gets the Exception instance that caused the current exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
Message Message Message Message

Obtiene un mensaje que describe la excepción actual.Gets a message that describes the current exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
Source Source Source Source

Devuelve o establece el nombre de la aplicación o del objeto que generó el error.Gets or sets the name of the application or the object that causes the error.

(Inherited from Exception)
StackTrace StackTrace StackTrace StackTrace

Obtiene una representación de cadena de los marcos inmediatos en la pila de llamadas.Gets a string representation of the immediate frames on the call stack.

(Inherited from Exception)
StatusCode StatusCode StatusCode StatusCode

Obtiene una descripción de la causa de la excepción.Gets a description of the reason for the exception.

TargetSite TargetSite TargetSite TargetSite

Obtiene el método que produjo la excepción actual.Gets the method that throws the current exception.

(Inherited from Exception)

Métodos

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determina si el objeto especificado es igual al objeto actual.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetBaseException() GetBaseException() GetBaseException() GetBaseException()

Cuando se reemplaza en una clase derivada, devuelve la clase Exception que representa la causa principal de una o más excepciones posteriores.When overridden in a derived class, returns the Exception that is the root cause of one or more subsequent exceptions.

(Inherited from Exception)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Sirve como la función hash predeterminada.Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

Llena SerializationInfo con los datos necesarios para serializar el objeto de destino.Populates a SerializationInfo with the data needed to serialize the target object.

GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Obtiene el tipo de tiempo de ejecución de la instancia actual.Gets the runtime type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Exception)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Crea una copia superficial del Object actual.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Crea y devuelve una representación de cadena de la excepción actual.Creates and returns a string representation of the current exception.

(Inherited from Exception)

Eventos

SerializeObjectState SerializeObjectState SerializeObjectState SerializeObjectState

Ocurre cuando una excepción se serializa para crear un objeto de estado de excepción que contenga datos serializados sobre la excepción.Occurs when an exception is serialized to create an exception state object that contains serialized data about the exception.

(Inherited from Exception)

Se aplica a

Consulte también: